Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 11 Mar 2014, 18:50

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The SC problem below is a tough modifier problem. I was

Author Message
TAGS:
Current Student
Status: First-Year MBA Student
Joined: 19 Nov 2009
Posts: 127
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V39
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 43 [1] , given: 209

The SC problem below is a tough modifier problem. I was [#permalink]  22 Dec 2010, 16:52
1
KUDOS
00:00

Difficulty:

45% (medium)

Question Stats:

39% (02:37) correct 60% (01:19) wrong based on 102 sessions
The SC problem below is a tough modifier problem. I was able to narrow down the choices to (c) or (e). The "cost to the United States...of" dissuaded me against option (e) for some unknown reason. Why is (e) a preferable answer choice to (b)? Also, I've noticed that in modifier problems where the entire passage is underlined, the GMAT likes to contrast possessive subjects or possessive collective nouns (such as in answer choices (a), (b), (c)), with placeholder "it" subjects (such as in question (e) ).

I would appreciate any analysis or advice anyone has on this problem and on my modifier problem observation. Thanks!

The United States petroleum industry's cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

a. The United States petroleum industry's cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

b. The United States petroleum industry's cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

c. By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industry's cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

d. To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

3. It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
 Kaplan GMAT Prep Discount Codes Knewton GMAT Discount Codes Manhattan GMAT Discount Codes
Kaplan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 21 Jun 2010
Posts: 148
Location: Toronto
Followers: 32

Kudos [?]: 101 [3] , given: 0

Re: Tough Modifier SC: US Petroleum [#permalink]  22 Dec 2010, 18:26
3
KUDOS
tonebeeze wrote:
The SC problem below is a tough modifier problem. I was able to narrow down the choices to (c) or (e). The "cost to the United States...of" dissuaded me against option (e) for some unknown reason. Why is (e) a preferable answer choice to (b)? Also, I've noticed that in modifier problems where the entire passage is underlined, the GMAT likes to contrast possessive subjects or possessive collective nouns (such as in answer choices (a), (b), (c)), with placeholder "it" subjects (such as in question (e) ).

I would appreciate any analysis or advice anyone has on this problem and on my modifier problem observation. Thanks!

The United States petroleum industry's cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

a. The United States petroleum industry's cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

b. The United States petroleum industry's cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

c. By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industry's cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

d. To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

e. It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

Hi!

I quickly arrived at (E) because of the improperly used idioms "projected at" and "estimated at" - in both cases, "to be" should be used instead of "at".

Since A, B, C and D all have "at", and E has "is estimated that... [it] will be", which is also fine, that's the choice that immediately jumped out at me.

"The cost to X of Y is Z" is an acceptable phrase.
_________________

Stuart Kovinsky
stuart.kovinsky@kaplan.com
Toronto Office
1-800-KAP-TEST
http://www.kaptest.com/GMAT

Prepare with Kaplan and save \$150 on a course!

Kaplan Reviews

Manager
Joined: 11 Jul 2010
Posts: 229
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 36 [0], given: 20

Re: Tough Modifier SC: US Petroleum [#permalink]  22 Dec 2010, 20:10
Why is "estimated at" unidiomatic? Its used all the time!? I mean surely the GMAT can't have a problem with "estimated at" or "projected at"? Is "estimated/projected at" grammatically wrong?

The direct economic value the Internet provides to the rest of the U.S. economy is estimated at \$175 billion. http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6268.html

Thanks.
Kaplan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 21 Jun 2010
Posts: 148
Location: Toronto
Followers: 32

Kudos [?]: 101 [3] , given: 0

Re: Tough Modifier SC: US Petroleum [#permalink]  22 Dec 2010, 20:57
3
KUDOS
gmat1011 wrote:
Why is "estimated at" unidiomatic? Its used all the time!? I mean surely the GMAT can't have a problem with "estimated at" or "projected at"? Is "estimated/projected at" grammatically wrong?

The direct economic value the Internet provides to the rest of the U.S. economy is estimated at \$175 billion. http://hbswk.hbs.edu/item/6268.html

Thanks.

Hi,

when you're talking about the present, "estimated at" is fine; when you're projecting to the future, "estimated to be" (or, even better, changing the sentence to use the future "will be") is correct.

For idioms, it's all about what the GMAT considers correct - that's the "fun" thing about idioms, there are no rules, it's just what "is" correct.
_________________

Stuart Kovinsky
stuart.kovinsky@kaplan.com
Toronto Office
1-800-KAP-TEST
http://www.kaptest.com/GMAT

Prepare with Kaplan and save \$150 on a course!

Kaplan Reviews

Manager
Status: Preparing for GMAT - March 2011
Joined: 21 May 2010
Posts: 150
Location: London
Schools: INSEAD, RSM, HEC, St. Gallen, IF, IESE
WE 1: Finance 6 years
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 0

Re: Tough Modifier SC: US Petroleum [#permalink]  23 Dec 2010, 07:38
its quiet straight forward question. as petroleum industry has to meet the regulation but not the industry's cost. hence the answer E is correct. pls correct me if i am wrong.
_________________

In The World Full Of Duplicates,, I Am The Only Masterpiece..
Girl Power
beat-the-beast-with-non-native-speaker-108349.html

Current Student
Status: First-Year MBA Student
Joined: 19 Nov 2009
Posts: 127
GMAT 1: 720 Q49 V39
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 43 [1] , given: 209

Re: Tough Modifier SC: US Petroleum [#permalink]  23 Dec 2010, 09:54
1
KUDOS
tirupatibalaji wrote:
its quiet straight forward question. as petroleum industry has to meet the regulation but not the industry's cost. hence the answer E is correct. pls correct me if i am wrong.

After further review, you can certainly arrive at the answer in under 60 seconds:
(1) If you identify the improper idioms "estimated at" & "projected at"

(2) You have a firm grasp of the concept of possessives. Possessive cases (- ‘s) is used only with the names of living things.

We don't say:
Table's legs...
Industry's cost...

We say:
Legs of the table...
Cost to the industry...
Kaplan GMAT Instructor
Joined: 21 Jun 2010
Posts: 148
Location: Toronto
Followers: 32

Kudos [?]: 101 [0], given: 0

Re: Tough Modifier SC: US Petroleum [#permalink]  23 Dec 2010, 17:19
tonebeeze wrote:
tirupatibalaji wrote:
We don't say:
Table's legs...
Industry's cost...

We say:
Legs of the table...
Cost to the industry...

Actually, it's perfectly OK to use possessives with inanimate objects (or even intangibles).

"The table's legs are uneven", "the industry's costs are high this year" and "the plan's advantages are clear" are all well constructed sentences.
_________________

Stuart Kovinsky
stuart.kovinsky@kaplan.com
Toronto Office
1-800-KAP-TEST
http://www.kaptest.com/GMAT

Prepare with Kaplan and save \$150 on a course!

Kaplan Reviews

Senior Manager
Joined: 25 May 2010
Posts: 322
Location: United States
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
Schools: CBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 590 Q47 V25
GMAT 2: 560 Q47 V20
GMAT 3: 600 Q47 V25
GMAT 4: 680 Q49 V34
Followers: 4

Kudos [?]: 46 [0], given: 32

Re: Tough Modifier SC: US Petroleum [#permalink]  23 Dec 2010, 17:40
@tirupatibalaji I think you're correct in pointing out logical explanation.
_________________

"Whether You Think You Can or Can't, You're Right"--Henry Ford
680 Debrief
600 Debrief
590 Debrief
My GMAT Journey

Manager
Joined: 13 Jul 2010
Posts: 172
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 7

Re: Tough Modifier SC: US Petroleum [#permalink]  23 Dec 2010, 18:44
B is also incorrect because the cost is separated from the figures. You should try to have the cost be modified by the actual cost rather than other parts of the sentence.
Verbal Expert
Status: worked for Kaplan's associates, but now on my own, free and flying
Joined: 19 Feb 2007
Posts: 2219
Location: India
WE: Education (Education)
Followers: 223

Kudos [?]: 1102 [0], given: 244

Re: The SC problem below is a tough modifier problem. I was [#permalink]  26 Oct 2011, 05:18
Expert's post
When GMAC’s psychometrician remarked about removing the idioms from the database, he must have certainly meant including this one. However, I got interested in this because the title said it is a tough modifier problem. Which modifier?
Senior Manager
Status: MBAing!!!!
Joined: 24 Jun 2011
Posts: 312
Location: United States (FL)
Concentration: Finance, Real Estate
GPA: 3.65
WE: Project Management (Real Estate)
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 56

Re: The SC problem below is a tough modifier problem. I was [#permalink]  26 Oct 2011, 21:02
I picked C...but I see why E is correct
Manager
Joined: 21 Apr 2011
Posts: 145
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 12

Re: The SC problem below is a tough modifier problem. I was [#permalink]  28 Oct 2011, 11:28
Had picked C. But realize why E is right. Did'nt know the idiom for projected.
Manager
Joined: 28 Sep 2011
Posts: 89
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 15

Re: Tough Modifier SC: US Petroleum [#permalink]  28 Oct 2011, 20:36
tirupatibalaji wrote:
its quiet straight forward question. as petroleum industry has to meet the regulation but not the industry's cost. hence the answer E is correct. pls correct me if i am wrong.

Can you elucidate the shift in meaning? I'm unable to grasp this.
Director
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 596
Followers: 95

Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 0

Re: The SC problem below is a tough modifier problem. I was [#permalink]  30 Oct 2013, 00:50
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: The SC problem below is a tough modifier problem. I was   [#permalink] 30 Oct 2013, 00:50
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
SC Modifier problem 6 10 Nov 2007, 13:10
SC: Modifier Problem 3 03 Nov 2008, 10:59
** A modifier problem ** 4 12 Jun 2009, 03:05
Modifier problems. 3 29 Aug 2013, 04:10
Display posts from previous: Sort by