The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
Check GMAT Club App Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases http://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 04 Dec 2016, 12:54

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Status: struggling with GMAT
Joined: 06 Dec 2012
Posts: 227
Concentration: Accounting
GMAT Date: 04-06-2013
GPA: 3.65
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 334 [2] , given: 46

The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Mar 2013, 11:06
2
KUDOS
3
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

69% (01:46) correct 31% (01:04) wrong based on 352 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the early eleventh century with the Danish conquest of the English Kingdom,which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.

(A)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.
(B)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later that same century,but not successfully
(C)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted later in the century to repeat,but were not successful at it
(D)an achievement attempted later in the century by other Scandinavian kings that was not successful
(E)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later in the century,but without success.

Need explanation
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Senior Manager
Status: Making every effort to create original content for you!!
Joined: 23 Dec 2010
Posts: 490
Location: United States
Concentration: Healthcare, Social Entrepreneurship
GMAT 1: 660 Q48 V34
GMAT 2: 750 Q49 V42
Followers: 347

Kudos [?]: 1881 [6] , given: 82

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Mar 2013, 11:44
6
KUDOS
Expert's post
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
mun23 wrote:
The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the early eleventh century with the Danish conquest of the English Kingdom,which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.

(A)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.
(B)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later that same century,but not successfully
(C)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted later in the century to repeat,but were not successful at it
(D)an achievement attempted later in the century by other Scandinavian kings that was not successful
(E)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later in the century,but without success.

Need explanation

Hi mun,

First of all there is a split in this question between "which.." and "an achievement". "Which" is a relative pronoun that usually refers a noun closest or not so far away. The use of which is ambiguous as it may refer to either "conquest" or "assault". Whereas, the underlined part of the sentence which starts with "an achievement" is a noun phrase or an absolute phrase. This phrase describes the action discussed in the first part of the sentence. This structure expresses the meaning more clearly. Usually on GMAT the choices with absolute phrases are correct.

(A)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.

Incorrect - explained above.

(B)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later that same century,but not successfully

Incorrect - explained above.

(C)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted later in the century to repeat,but were not successful at it

The sentence is not concise and the meaning is difficult to interpret because of the placement of "to repeat" far from "attempted". The use "attempted to repeat" is better.

(D)an achievement attempted later in the century by other Scandinavian kings that was not successful

This choice incorrectly says that the achievement was unsuccessful; but, the logical and intended meaning is that the attempt was not successful.

(E)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later in the century,but without success.

Correct. This choice correctly uses the absolute phrase to express the action in the first part of the sentence. "but without success" clearly means that the attempt was was without success and the sentence is now clear and concise.

Hope this helps,

Vercules
_________________

Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 1951
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
Followers: 297

Kudos [?]: 1239 [1] , given: 20

The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2016, 11:50
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
tae808 wrote:
GMATPrep explanation says that answer choice C omits subject after "but".
Answer choice E also omits subject...

Experts?

Option E, unlike option C, introduces a phrase, not a clause. A phrase does not require a subject since there is no verb within a phrase.
Verbal Expert
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 1951
Location: Germany
Schools: HHL Leipzig
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
Followers: 297

Kudos [?]: 1239 [1] , given: 20

The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Sep 2016, 08:46
1
KUDOS
Expert's post
Nevernevergiveup wrote:
sayantanc2k wrote:
tae808 wrote:
GMATPrep explanation says that answer choice C omits subject after "but".
Answer choice E also omits subject...

Experts?

Option E, unlike option C, introduces a phrase, not a clause. A phrase does not require a subject since there is no verb within a phrase.

sayantanc2k

can you explain further?

Option C: ,but were not successful at it. The comma before "but" should not have been there.
1. I play, but I do not study. Correct (comma + conjunction joins two clauses)
2. I play but do not study. Correct (without comma, there is no need of a second clause - two verbs play and study are joined.)
3. I play, but do not study. Wrong. ( comma + but requires a second clause).
The error in the 3rd sentence above is exactly the same as that in option C.

In option E there is no verb within ", but without success". The question whether two verbs are joined or two clauses are joined does not arise at all. It is alright to add a contrasting prepositional phrase with a comma.
Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Mar 2011
Posts: 473
Location: India
GPA: 2.5
WE: Operations (Hospitality and Tourism)
Followers: 19

Kudos [?]: 203 [0], given: 59

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

13 Mar 2013, 11:25
mun23 wrote:
The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the early eleventh century with the Danish conquest of the English Kingdom,which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.

(A)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.
(B)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later that same century,but not successfully
(C)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted later in the century to repeat,but were not successful at it
(D)an achievement attempted later in the century by other Scandinavian kings that was not successful
(E)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later in the century,but without success.

Need explanation

Choice A and B - incorrect usage of "which" modifying English Kingdom
Choice C - reference of "it" is not clear. (attempted)
Choice D - reference of "that" is not clear. (attempted)
Choice E - correct contrast with conjunction "but"

Hope this helps
_________________

"When the going gets tough, the tough gets going!"

Bring ON SOME KUDOS MATES+++

-----------------------------

My GMAT journey begins: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-gmat-journey-begins-122251.html

Manager
Status: struggling with GMAT
Joined: 06 Dec 2012
Posts: 227
Concentration: Accounting
GMAT Date: 04-06-2013
GPA: 3.65
Followers: 14

Kudos [?]: 334 [0], given: 46

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

15 Mar 2013, 06:07
Vercules wrote:
mun23 wrote:
The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the early eleventh century with the Danish conquest of the English Kingdom,which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.

(A)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.
(B)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later that same century,but not successfully
(C)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted later in the century to repeat,but were not successful at it
(D)an achievement attempted later in the century by other Scandinavian kings that was not successful
(E)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later in the century,but without success.

Need explanation

Hi mun,

First of all there is a split in this question between "which.." and "an achievement". "Which" is a relative pronoun that usually refers a noun closest or not so far away. The use of which is ambiguous as it may refer to either "conquest" or "assault". Whereas, the underlined part of the sentence which starts with "an achievement" is a noun phrase or an absolute phrase. This phrase describes the action discussed in the first part of the sentence. This structure expresses the meaning more clearly. Usually on GMAT the choices with absolute phrases are correct.

(A)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.

Incorrect - explained above.

(B)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later that same century,but not successfully

Incorrect - explained above.

(C)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted later in the century to repeat,but were not successful at it

The sentence is not concise and the meaning is difficult to interpret because of the placement of "to repeat" far from "attempted". The use "attempted to repeat" is better.

(D)an achievement attempted later in the century by other Scandinavian kings that was not successful

This choice incorrectly says that the achievement was unsuccessful; but, the logical and intended meaning is that the attempt was not successful.

(E)an achievement that other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat later in the century,but without success.

Correct. This choice correctly uses the absolute phrase to express the action in the first part of the sentence. "but without success" clearly means that the attempt was was without success and the sentence is now clear and concise.

Hope this helps,

Vercules

In option (A)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.
use of unsuccessfully,later in the same century is right?
VP
Joined: 08 Jun 2010
Posts: 1342
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 105 [0], given: 778

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Mar 2013, 23:20
I think both "which" and "an achievement" are correct.

A is wrong because there is no "but"
B is wrong for "that same century". it should be "the same century"
C is wrong for "it"
D is wrong because "that was" refers to "king"

this is hard one because it has many minor errors.
Senior Manager
Joined: 07 Nov 2012
Posts: 346
Schools: LBS '14 (A)
GMAT 1: 770 Q48 V48
Followers: 191

Kudos [?]: 358 [0], given: 4

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Mar 2013, 01:04
mun23 wrote:
In option (A)which other Scandinavian kings attempted to repeat,unsuccessfully,later in the same century.
use of unsuccessfully,later in the same century is right?

Hi Mun,

Yes this is fine, it simply modifies the clause and does so in a correct and concise fashion...
_________________

Former GMAT Pill student, now on staff. Used GMATPILL OG 12 and nothing else: 770 (48,48) & 6.0

... and more

GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10437
Followers: 883

Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

16 May 2014, 18:44
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Intern
Joined: 27 Mar 2014
Posts: 15
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 May 2014, 11:14
A question about D: does "that" need to appear next to the noun "attempt" if it were constructed this way? What is "that" referring to in D? Does this have to do with certain "mission critical" modifiers? Does it refer to king or to achievement and what is the role of the phrase in between? Thank you!
Intern
Joined: 18 May 2014
Posts: 30
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 66 [0], given: 2

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 May 2014, 12:13
smalluser wrote:
A question about D: does "that" need to appear next to the noun "attempt" if it were constructed this way? What is "that" referring to in D? Does this have to do with certain "mission critical" modifiers? Does it refer to king or to achievement and what is the role of the phrase in between? Thank you!

Hi smalluser,

Since ‘that’ can logically refer to things only not people, it cannot refer to ‘Scandinavian kings’. Hence, ‘that’ in option D is referring to ‘an achievement’.
Also, ‘attempted’ is not a noun in this sentence so ‘that’ cannot refer to it.

OPTION D

• The Scandinavian assault on Western Europe culminated in the early eleventh century with the Danish conquest of the English Kingdom,
o an achievement attempted later in the century by other Scandinavian kings
• that was not successful.

Here, ‘an achievement’ is referring to the action of the assault culminating with the conquest. The phrase ‘attempted later in the century by other Scandinavian kings’ is modifying ‘an achievement’. This phrase tells more about the noun ‘an achievement’.

This is illogical since one cannot attempt an achievement, since the achievement is already over. He can attempt to repeat the achievement.

Also, the clause ‘that was not successful’ is incorrectly modifying ‘an achievement’. If the achievement was not successful, then it’s not an achievement.

P.S.: ‘that’ does not need to appear right next to a noun to modify it.

Hope this helps!
Manyu
Intern
Joined: 27 Mar 2014
Posts: 15
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 May 2014, 12:16
This does help, thank you! Just to be clear, "that" is not like "which" which (haha) needs to modify the noun directly before it? All the examples I can think of when "that" is a noun modifier act this way: "the red house that is on top of the hill, the movie that we watched, etc." I know you said "that" does not have to modify the noun next to it, so I'm wondering if you have any clear examples where this is the case? Thank you so much!
Intern
Joined: 27 Mar 2014
Posts: 15
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 May 2014, 12:18
I do know of the example: "the color of the house is a deeper red than that of the neighbor's" but i feel "that" is not acting as a modifier, as it does in the sentence originally mentioned.
Intern
Joined: 18 May 2014
Posts: 30
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 66 [0], given: 2

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

23 May 2014, 19:57
smalluser wrote:
This does help, thank you! Just to be clear, "that" is not like "which" which (haha) needs to modify the noun directly before it? All the examples I can think of when "that" is a noun modifier act this way: "the red house that is on top of the hill, the movie that we watched, etc." I know you said "that" does not have to modify the noun next to it, so I'm wondering if you have any clear examples where this is the case? Thank you so much!

Hi smalluser,

You are welcome.

Now coming to your question, I think ‘which’ can also modify a slightly far away noun.

You can refer to the following article.

noun-modifiers-can-modify-slightly-far-away-noun-135868.html

I have also found an official example in which ‘that’ modifies a slightly far away noun.

OFFICIAL EXAMPLE

• The use of lie detectors is based on the assumption that lying produces emotional reactions in an individual that, in turn, create unconscious physiological responses.

Here, the second ‘that’ refers to ‘emotional reactions’.

Hope this helps!
Manyu
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 01 Oct 2013
Posts: 10437
Followers: 883

Kudos [?]: 191 [0], given: 0

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jul 2015, 21:20
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2013
Posts: 72
Location: United States (HI)
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.56
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 11

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Aug 2016, 15:18
GMATPrep explanation says that answer choice C omits subject after "but".
Answer choice E also omits subject...

Experts?
Manager
Joined: 03 Dec 2013
Posts: 72
Location: United States (HI)
GMAT 1: 660 Q49 V30
GPA: 3.56
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 11

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

22 Aug 2016, 12:32
sayantanc2k wrote:
tae808 wrote:
GMATPrep explanation says that answer choice C omits subject after "but".
Answer choice E also omits subject...

Experts?

Option E, unlike option C, introduces a phrase, not a clause. A phrase does not require a subject since there is no verb within a phrase.

VP
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1086
Location: India
Followers: 32

Kudos [?]: 535 [0], given: 71

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 Sep 2016, 08:02
sayantanc2k wrote:
tae808 wrote:
GMATPrep explanation says that answer choice C omits subject after "but".
Answer choice E also omits subject...

Experts?

Option E, unlike option C, introduces a phrase, not a clause. A phrase does not require a subject since there is no verb within a phrase.

sayantanc2k

can you explain further?
_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.

My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773

Re: The Scandinavian assault on western Europe culminated in the   [#permalink] 21 Sep 2016, 08:02
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
11 The Scandinavian assault on Western Europe 5 06 Sep 2013, 15:21
5 There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe 6 01 Dec 2011, 20:55
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe 0 20 Apr 2016, 02:42
4 There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t 25 08 Oct 2008, 08:28
Like Edvard Grieg, whom the Scandinavians long refused to 14 17 Oct 2007, 12:27
Display posts from previous: Sort by