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The senator has long held to the general principle that no

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The senator has long held to the general principle that no [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2008, 08:37
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The senator has long held to the general principle that no true work of art is obscene, and thus that there is no conflict between the need to encourage free artistic expression and the need to protect the sensibilities of the public from obscenity. When well-known works generally viewed as obscene are cited as possible counterexamples, the senator justifies accepting the principle by saying that if these works really are obscene then they cannot be works of art.
The senator’s reasoning contains which one of the following errors?
(A) It seeks to persuade by emotional rather than intellectual means.
(B) It contains an implicit contradiction.
(C) It relies on an assertion of the senator’s authority.
(D) It assumes what it seeks to establish.
(E) It attempts to justify a position by appeal to an irrelevant consideration.
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18 Feb 2008, 13:00
The senator has long held to the general principle that no true work of art is obscene, and thus that there is no conflict between the need to encourage free artistic expression and the need to protect the sensibilities of the public from obscenity. When well-known works generally viewed as obscene are cited as possible counterexamples, the senator justifies accepting the principle by saying that if these works really are obscene then they cannot be works of art.

is the OA B?
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Director
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18 Feb 2008, 13:08
D sounds more logical.
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18 Feb 2008, 16:19
D fits best. Senator is using circular reasoning here.
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18 Feb 2008, 16:45
Argument diagram:
Senator: art of work is not indecent
No need to protect public sensibilities from art work since art work is not indecent.

(A) It seeks to persuade by emotional rather than intellectual means. [No statements that makes argument persuasive – eliminate it]
(B) It contains an implicit contradiction. [No implicit contradiction – eliminate it]
(C) It relies on an assertion of the senator’s authority. [Not mentioned anywhere Senator’s authority – eliminate it]
(D) It assumes what it seeks to establish. [Hold it – long held to general principle ]
(E) It attempts to justify a position by appeal to an irrelevant consideration.[Nothing that is irrelevant mentioned – eliminate it]

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18 Feb 2008, 19:21
Should be 'D'.

The senator has to establish that the true artwork can't be obscene. Now in order to estalish it, the senator assumes that if it is obscene work, then it can never be a true work.
Hence the senator assumes what he needs to establish.
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18 Feb 2008, 19:38
I will go with D..what is the OA
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19 Feb 2008, 00:48
Another D.
Re: CR (senator)   [#permalink] 19 Feb 2008, 00:48
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