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The simple concept of personal computing,

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The simple concept of personal computing, [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2013, 00:00
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A
B
C
D
E

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  45% (medium)

Question Stats:

56% (01:43) correct 44% (01:03) wrong based on 101 sessions
The simple concept of personal computing, hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society, remains perhaps the most important technological idea of the last 50 years.

a) hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society
b) which was hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and that permeated almost all of modern society
c) which was hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society
d) hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, and which permeates almost all of modern society
e) a concept hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and that permeated almost all of modern society
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The simple concept of personal computing, [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2013, 02:54
Can someone explain why A is correct ?
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Re: The simple concept of personal computing, [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2013, 10:15
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Hi abhi398.
I'm glad to help.

The simple concept of personal computing, hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society, remains perhaps the most important technological idea of the last 50 years.

a) hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society
Correct. "hatched" (Verb-ed modifier) || permeating (Verb-ing modifier) <== both modify "the simple concept of PC".
Note:
* Verb+ed modifier ==> always modifies a preceding NOUN - a concept of personal computing. The modifier does not modifies the nearest noun - personal computing because of the critical mission preposition "OF".
* Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modifies a preceding clause. The preceding part is not a clause, but a noun phrase. ==> "permeating" modifies "the simple concept of PC".

b) which was hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and that permeated almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

c) which was hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

d) hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, and which permeates almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

e) a concept hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and that permeated almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

Hope it helps.
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Please +1 KUDO if my post helps. Thank you.

"Designing cars consumes you; it has a hold on your spirit which is incredibly powerful. It's not something you can do part time, you have do it with all your heart and soul or you're going to get it wrong."

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Re: The simple concept of personal computing, [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2013, 20:11
pqhai wrote:
Hi abhi398.
I'm glad to help.

The simple concept of personal computing, hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society, remains perhaps the most important technological idea of the last 50 years.

a) hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society
Correct. "hatched" (Verb-ed modifier) || permeating (Verb-ing modifier) <== both modify "the simple concept of PC".
Note:
* Verb+ed modifier ==> always modifies a preceding NOUN - a concept of personal computing. The modifier does not modifies the nearest noun - personal computing because of the critical mission preposition "OF".
* Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modifies a preceding clause. The preceding part is not a clause, but a noun phrase. ==> "permeating" modifies "the simple concept of PC".

b) which was hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and that permeated almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

c) which was hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

d) hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, and which permeates almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

e) a concept hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and that permeated almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

Hope it helps.



Thanks pqhai .. Nicely explained :)

Kudos to you !!!!
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Re: The simple concept of personal computing, [#permalink] New post 22 Oct 2013, 09:41
pqhai wrote:
Hi abhi398.
I'm glad to help.

The simple concept of personal computing, hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society, remains perhaps the most important technological idea of the last 50 years.

a) hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society
Correct. "hatched" (Verb-ed modifier) || permeating (Verb-ing modifier) <== both modify "the simple concept of PC".
Note:
* Verb+ed modifier ==> always modifies a preceding NOUN - a concept of personal computing. The modifier does not modifies the nearest noun - personal computing because of the critical mission preposition "OF".
* Verb-ing modifier + comma ==> modifies a preceding clause. The preceding part is not a clause, but a noun phrase. ==> "permeating" modifies "the simple concept of PC".

b) which was hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and that permeated almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

c) which was hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and permeating almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

d) hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs, and which permeates almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

e) a concept hatched by several Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and that permeated almost all of modern society
Wrong. Parallelism problem.

Hope it helps.


Until now I thought that for parallelism, one side needs to be parallel with the other i.e. -ed / -ed, or -ing / -ing. Now this jumps off!
a) thanks for the explanation
b) can you pinpoint to some references? I can't find something similar in the MGMAT SC guide...
:?
Re: The simple concept of personal computing,   [#permalink] 22 Oct 2013, 09:41
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