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# The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native

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The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2009, 12:48
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The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

A) banked with dirt to a height of
B) banked with dirt as high as that of
C) banked them with dirt to a height of
D) was banked with dirt as high as
E) was banked with dirt as high as that of

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A) banked with dirt to a height of.

Personally, I had it down to either A or D. I do not get why D is wrong. I thought "as high as" was the correct idiom. Is it because "was" is redundant?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2009, 13:41
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robertrdzak wrote:
The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

A) banked with dirt to a height of
B) banked with dirt as high as that of
C) banked them with dirt to a height of
D) was banked with dirt as high as
E) was banked with dirt as high as that of

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A) banked with dirt to a height of.

Personally, I had it down to either A or D. I do not get why D is wrong. I thought "as high as" was the correct idiom. Is it because "was" is redundant?

Lets look this way:

The single family house constructed by the Yana (...) was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

A) "banked" is parallel with "overlaid" as under
banked with dirt (to a height) of x feet
overlaid with slabs of bark

Hope that makes sense.

B) "as high as" is unnecessary and "that of.." is inapproperiate.
C) "them"?
D) "was" is not paralalled with "overlaid" and is in passive. "as high as" is unnecessary for no comparision.
E) Similar to D. "was" is not paralllel with "overlaid" and is in passive. "as high as" is unnecessary for no comparision. "that of"?
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2009, 14:52
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OA is A

Trick is to realize that banked with dirt applies to the poles and not the house

overlaid with slabs is parallel to banked with dirt.

I made the same mistake with this question
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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05 May 2010, 10:58
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A very interesting point here to note is that when ever there is a "as high as" or as low as" or any such comparison, it should be done against a fixed number. Here it is compared against a variable figure, 3 to 4. So B, D and E are out. "Banked them", no use... 'A' is All Clear....
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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05 May 2010, 11:50
good explanation by gmattiger and sumeetgill.

A is best
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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07 Oct 2013, 02:28
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2014, 00:23
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GMAT TIGER & SumeetGill have made the whole point of this Qs. GREAT JOB! I was missed until I find this post
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2014, 08:19
Hi E-GMAT,

My analysis ,

Sentence structure for this sentence would be , The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

Bold face is a MAIN Sub and Main Verb. My question is "its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet." a noun plus noun modifier?

Thanks
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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10 Jun 2014, 12:11
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Nitinaka19 wrote:
Hi E-GMAT,

My analysis ,

Sentence structure for this sentence would be , The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

Bold face is a MAIN Sub and Main Verb. My question is "its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet." a noun plus noun modifier?

Thanks

Hi Nitinaka19,
Thank you for the query.

Let’s look at the structure of this sentence:

• The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape,
o its framework of poles
overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine,
• and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

You have correctly identified that “its framework…..four feet” is a noun + noun modifier. In this modifier:
Noun- its framework of poles
Noun Modifier- overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

So, the two parallel verb-ed modifiers ‘overlaid’ and ‘banked’ modify the noun in this modifier .

Hope this helps!
Deepak
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2014, 02:09
robertrdzak wrote:
The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

A) banked with dirt to a height of
B) banked with dirt as high as that of
C) banked them with dirt to a height of
D) was banked with dirt as high as
E) was banked with dirt as high as that of

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A) banked with dirt to a height of.

Personally, I had it down to either A or D. I do not get why D is wrong. I thought "as high as" was the correct idiom. Is it because "was" is redundant?

Hi E-GMAT,

I am able to eliminate option B,C and E. However, Option A and D have confused me. If we consider the parallelism then "overlaid" and "banked" are modifying noun "framework of poles".
The Option A says "banked" in which the doer of the action "banked" is "framework of poles" but the meaning says that doer of the action "banked" should be someone else. So, I believe that the right answer should be option D where "was banked" is stated. Is my thought process correct?

Thanks!
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2014, 09:36
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anujag24 wrote:

Hi E-GMAT,

I am able to eliminate option B,C and E. However, Option A and D have confused me. If we consider the parallelism then "overlaid" and "banked" are modifying noun "framework of poles".
The Option A says "banked" in which the doer of the action "banked" is "framework of poles" but the meaning says that doer of the action "banked" should be someone else. So, I believe that the right answer should be option D where "was banked" is stated. Is my thought process correct?

Thanks!

Hi anujag24,
Thank you for the query.

You are making an error in differentiating between the simple past tense verb and the verb-ed modifiers. In the original sentence, ‘overlaid’ and ‘banked’ are not the verbs for the subject ‘framework of poles’. They act as verb-ed modifiers in this sentence.

Let’s take an example to understand the verb-ed modifiers:
The lamp placed on the table is a gift.

Now, does the lamp to the action of placing? No. The lamp cannot place itself. So, ‘placed’ is not a verb here. The verb for the subject ‘the lamp’ is ‘is’.
What is the function of the phrase ‘placed on the table’? It provides us additional information about the lamp.

So, we can write the above sentence as:
The lamp (that is) placed on the table is a gift.

Now, the verb-ed form ‘placed’ is known as the verb-ed modifier. Please refer to the following link to know more about verb-ed modifiers:
ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html

Once you have gone through the article, try to apply the concept on the above question. If you face any problems, refer to my explanation below:
• The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape,
• its framework of poles
o overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine,
o and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

Is ‘its framework of poles’ the doer of the verbs ‘overlaid’ and ‘banked’? No, it is not. A framework can’t perform the actions ‘overlaid’ and ‘banked’. So, these verb-ed forms are actually modifiers.
So, these two modifiers are providing additional information about the noun ‘framework of poles’ that this framework was overlaid with slabs and it was banked with dirt.

Now, if we consider OPTION D:
• The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape,
• its framework of poles
o overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine,
o and was banked with dirt as high as three to four feet.

Since ‘overlaid’ is a modifier and ‘was banked’ is a verb, these two can’t be parallel to each other. Hence this option is incorrect.

Also, the expression ‘as… as’ is unnecessary in this option. ‘As…. as’ is used to show a comparison between two entities. There is no comparison in this sentence. It just tells us how high the dirt was.

Hope this helps!
Deepak
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2014, 14:06
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its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.
Above mentioned part of the sentence is an absolute phrase modifier or noun + noun modifier, which is perfectly used in the end of sentence.

Note: this part can be placed even in the front of the sentence.
Its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet, the single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape,

The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

A) banked with dirt to a height of -- correct -- banked is -ed modifier to framework.
B) banked with dirt as high as that of -- as that of is not ok.
C) banked them with dirt to a height of -- only plural possible antecedent for them is people.

D) was banked with dirt as high as -- As per original sentence framework is banked with dirt, but in this sentence as verb was is introduced The single family house (subject) appears to be banked with dirt.

E) was banked with dirt as high as that of -- same as D.
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2014, 22:38
egmat wrote:
anujag24 wrote:

Hi E-GMAT,

I am able to eliminate option B,C and E. However, Option A and D have confused me. If we consider the parallelism then "overlaid" and "banked" are modifying noun "framework of poles".
The Option A says "banked" in which the doer of the action "banked" is "framework of poles" but the meaning says that doer of the action "banked" should be someone else. So, I believe that the right answer should be option D where "was banked" is stated. Is my thought process correct?

Thanks!

Hi anujag24,
Thank you for the query.

You are making an error in differentiating between the simple past tense verb and the verb-ed modifiers. In the original sentence, ‘overlaid’ and ‘banked’ are not the verbs for the subject ‘framework of poles’. They act as verb-ed modifiers in this sentence.

Let’s take an example to understand the verb-ed modifiers:
The lamp placed on the table is a gift.

Now, does the lamp to the action of placing? No. The lamp cannot place itself. So, ‘placed’ is not a verb here. The verb for the subject ‘the lamp’ is ‘is’.
What is the function of the phrase ‘placed on the table’? It provides us additional information about the lamp.

So, we can write the above sentence as:
The lamp (that is) placed on the table is a gift.

Now, the verb-ed form ‘placed’ is known as the verb-ed modifier. Please refer to the following link to know more about verb-ed modifiers:
ed-forms-verbs-or-modifiers-134691.html

Once you have gone through the article, try to apply the concept on the above question. If you face any problems, refer to my explanation below:
• The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape,
• its framework of poles
o overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine,
o and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

Is ‘its framework of poles’ the doer of the verbs ‘overlaid’ and ‘banked’? No, it is not. A framework can’t perform the actions ‘overlaid’ and ‘banked’. So, these verb-ed forms are actually modifiers.
So, these two modifiers are providing additional information about the noun ‘framework of poles’ that this framework was overlaid with slabs and it was banked with dirt.

Now, if we consider OPTION D:
• The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape,
• its framework of poles
o overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine,
o and was banked with dirt as high as three to four feet.

Since ‘overlaid’ is a modifier and ‘was banked’ is a verb, these two can’t be parallel to each other. Hence this option is incorrect.

Also, the expression ‘as… as’ is unnecessary in this option. ‘As…. as’ is used to show a comparison between two entities. There is no comparison in this sentence. It just tells us how high the dirt was.

Hope this helps!
Deepak

Thanks Deepak..... Now, I can figure out the difference.
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2014, 17:25
Dear @E-GMAT,

If banked is parallel with overlaid, then there must have been an 'and' after was conical in shape, AND its framework of poles... ?
I thought this to be list with 3 items : was conical..., its frameworks..., and was banked...

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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2014, 01:16
robertrdzak wrote:
The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

A) banked with dirt to a height of
B) banked with dirt as high as that of
C) banked them with dirt to a height of
D) was banked with dirt as high as
E) was banked with dirt as high as that of

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A) banked with dirt to a height of.

Personally, I had it down to either A or D. I do not get why D is wrong. I thought "as high as" was the correct idiom. Is it because "was" is redundant?

I understood the question as ..."The single family house constructed by the Yana...was conical in shape ...and was banked with dirt".So, I made "was conical" and "was banked" parallel. Is this grammatically incorrect ? Yes, It might sound non-nonsensical but you never know that somebody might like to put mound of dirt in their house, May be it was a dog's house that they built

Is option D wrong because of "As high as" only as explained by sumeet ?
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2014, 23:29
"as high as" or as low as" is used for fixed comparisons, here height is 3 to 4 so A is best option to rely on

+1 A
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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06 Jan 2016, 10:00
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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20 Jan 2016, 21:43
robertrdzak wrote:
The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

A) banked with dirt to a height of
B) banked with dirt as high as that of
C) banked them with dirt to a height of
D) was banked with dirt as high as
E) was banked with dirt as high as that of

[Reveal] Spoiler:
A) banked with dirt to a height of.

Personally, I had it down to either A or D. I do not get why D is wrong. I thought "as high as" was the correct idiom. Is it because "was" is redundant?

C out - banked 'them' - Parallelism + Pronoun (no clear antecedent -as house is singular in the sentence) error
D and E out - Was - Parallelism error
B - wordy
A - correct
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Re: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2016, 03:41
robertrdzak wrote:
The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

part of sentence that matters to find out erros: ...House....was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid ... and banked with dirt to a height of 3 to 4 feet.

A) banked with dirt to a height of
B) banked with dirt as high as that of
C) banked them with dirt to a height of
D) was banked with dirt as high as
E) was banked with dirt as high as that of
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The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native [#permalink]

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03 May 2016, 15:30
Hi, @E-GMAT

I got confused with

The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

I thought that (comma) FANBOYS starts a new independent clause, so I used option D) because it has a verb. Only after I understood that the clause still wouldn't have a subject...
So when do we have to be careful with the Independent clause and S-V agreement?.. When we see this comma, FANBOYS formation, should we look for an Indep. Clause straight away?...
Could be an issue in this case?

What if the sentence said: The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native American people who lived in what is now northern California, was conical in shape, its framework of poles overlaid with slabs of bark, either cedar or pine, and it was banked with dirt to a height of three to four feet.

Would it be correct?

Thank you!
The single family house constructed by the Yana, a Native   [#permalink] 03 May 2016, 15:30

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