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# The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center,

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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]  31 Mar 2008, 15:48
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The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]  31 Mar 2008, 18:12
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Since the subject of the sentence is "The Sports Medicine Programs", you correctly identified that the corrected sentence needs to begin with "are". So, that narrows it down to C,D,E.

As for the question of C vs. E

C: "Athletes' performance and their preparation" is incorrect because it should be "Athletes' performance and preparation"

D: Similar issue to D, since it uses them

In E, there are no issues and thus it's the correct answer.
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]  31 Mar 2008, 20:31
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E is preferred over C due to parallel construction. Compare...

are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

Vs

are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

I hope this explains.
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]  31 Mar 2008, 18:08
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tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

In this problem, I chose C as my answer, however the OA is E. Would someone please explain why?
thanks

A, B are out because of "is".
C, D are out because "their" and "them" cannot refer to "athlete's performance".
E is correct.
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Re: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, [#permalink]  01 Dec 2014, 19:47
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Expert's post
buddyisraelgmat wrote:
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

Quick question - isnt " Sports Medicine Programs" a proper noun as all of them have initial letter in upper case? In that case , "IS" should be used. Isnt "B" the correct answer in that case? Pls clarify as I have read that proper nouns are always singular?

When the plural form is used, the word is taken as plural. Here we are talking about 'Programs' so we must use 'are'. We would take it as singular if it is explicitly used with a singular verb in the non-underlined part.
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews SVP Joined: 21 Jul 2006 Posts: 1551 Followers: 8 Kudos [?]: 313 [0], given: 1 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 01 Apr 2008, 00:57 dushver wrote: E is preferred over C due to parallel construction. Compare... are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation Vs are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them I hope this explains. ok I agree with that, but in general, if we have a possessive such as "athletes' performance", then of course we can't use "them" to refer to the "athletes" because "athletes" didn't appear. But we could use a possessive proun "their" to refer to the possessive "athlete's performance", no? I understand your explanation perfectly well. i'm only concerned that in the future, whether possessive pronouns can refer to the nouns that are in possessive. Also, this is how i looked at option C: are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation you see, if you look at the sentence this way, it would appear to be parallel. so how can I avoid myself from looking at sentences this way? because whenever I see "and", I tend to look at the words on both sides. When I looked the the sentence this way, it appeared to me that "are geared to enhance" is implied after "and" such as : are geared to enhance athletes' performance and (are geared to enhance) their preparation you see my mistake? what's wrong with that? cause that would appear parallel if you look at it this way. How can I avoid being parallel with the wrong words? how did you know that this is not the tested parallelism? SVP Joined: 04 May 2006 Posts: 1936 Schools: CBS, Kellogg Followers: 19 Kudos [?]: 449 [0], given: 1 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 01 Apr 2008, 01:55 tarek99 wrote: dushver wrote: E is preferred over C due to parallel construction. Compare... are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation Vs are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them I hope this explains. ok I agree with that, but in general, if we have a possessive such as "athletes' performance", then of course we can't use "them" to refer to the "athletes" because "athletes" didn't appear. But we could use a possessive proun "their" to refer to the possessive "athlete's performance", no? I understand your explanation perfectly well. i'm only concerned that in the future, whether possessive pronouns can refer to the nouns that are in possessive. Also, this is how i looked at option C: are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation you see, if you look at the sentence this way, it would appear to be parallel. so how can I avoid myself from looking at sentences this way? because whenever I see "and", I tend to look at the words on both sides. When I looked the the sentence this way, it appeared to me that "are geared to enhance" is implied after "and" such as : are geared to enhance athletes' performance and (are geared to enhance) their preparation you see my mistake? what's wrong with that? cause that would appear parallel if you look at it this way. How can I avoid being parallel with the wrong words? how did you know that this is not the tested parallelism? I think, this is a general problem for international guys, not excluding me. One guide from Manhattan is that the PARALELLISM needs not only perallel in structure, but also in meaning of the sentence. But, somtimes we do not know a new words, for example "enhance" or we do not know whether "enhance their preparation" is akward or not! How can we avoid that trap? CALL FOR ANY TIPS AND HELP TO AVOID THIS TRAP! _________________ Senior Manager Joined: 07 Feb 2008 Posts: 315 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 62 [0], given: 1 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 01 Apr 2008, 01:59 tarek99 wrote: The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition. a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them In this problem, I chose C as my answer, however the OA is E. Would someone please explain why? thanks E because of two things i) subject verb agreement "The sports medicine programs are" ii) Paralellism. are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them Manager Joined: 19 Dec 2007 Posts: 87 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 21 [0], given: 0 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 01 Apr 2008, 02:48 yellowjacket wrote: Since the subject of the sentence is "The Sports Medicine Programs", you correctly identified that the corrected sentence needs to begin with "are". So, that narrows it down to C,D,E. As for the question of C vs. E C: "Athletes' performance and their preparation" is incorrect because it should be "Athletes' performance and preparation" D: Similar issue to D, since it uses them In E, there are no issues and thus it's the correct answer. I agree with this explanation. "Their" is excessive in the sentence, making the answer choices wordy and less clear.. I would not go with E just because of ||sm. C. are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation performance and preparation are parallel here. P.S. possessive pronoun indeed can refer back to the possessive case: John's work was evaluated by his tutor - Correct. This not the case with object and subject pronouns (him, he etc.). John's tutor asked him - Wrong. SVP Joined: 21 Jul 2006 Posts: 1551 Followers: 8 Kudos [?]: 313 [0], given: 1 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 01 Apr 2008, 02:59 sondenso wrote: tarek99 wrote: dushver wrote: E is preferred over C due to parallel construction. Compare... are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation Vs are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them I hope this explains. ok I agree with that, but in general, if we have a possessive such as "athletes' performance", then of course we can't use "them" to refer to the "athletes" because "athletes" didn't appear. But we could use a possessive proun "their" to refer to the possessive "athlete's performance", no? I understand your explanation perfectly well. i'm only concerned that in the future, whether possessive pronouns can refer to the nouns that are in possessive. Also, this is how i looked at option C: are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation you see, if you look at the sentence this way, it would appear to be parallel. so how can I avoid myself from looking at sentences this way? because whenever I see "and", I tend to look at the words on both sides. When I looked the the sentence this way, it appeared to me that "are geared to enhance" is implied after "and" such as : are geared to enhance athletes' performance and (are geared to enhance) their preparation you see my mistake? what's wrong with that? cause that would appear parallel if you look at it this way. How can I avoid being parallel with the wrong words? how did you know that this is not the tested parallelism? I think, this is a general problem for international guys, not excluding me. One guide from Manhattan is that the PARALELLISM needs not only perallel in structure, but also in meaning of the sentence. But, somtimes we do not know a new words, for example "enhance" or we do not know whether "enhance their preparation" is akward or not! How can we avoid that trap? CALL FOR ANY TIPS AND HELP TO AVOID THIS TRAP! thanks for the input, but dude, don't i at least sound like i'm trying to do just that? trying to seek tips and help from anyone? heheh....HELP! is what I meant to say in my first post of this thread...heheh...i'm just in a good mood today. so can anyone help me out? Intern Joined: 15 Apr 2008 Posts: 2 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 21 May 2008, 03:15 But how about prepositional phrase vs. prepositional phrase parallelism? I strongly believe that there should be 'toward' before 'preparing' too... what am I missing? Isn't the preposition mandatory for both sides of the parallelism? Senior Manager Joined: 07 Jan 2008 Posts: 298 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 0 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 21 May 2008, 03:43 E would be a better choice because C make it sound like programs are geared to enhance preparation - that is NOT right. In this problem, I chose C as my answer, however the OA is E. Would someone please explain why? thanks[/quote] Senior Manager Joined: 14 Mar 2007 Posts: 319 Location: Hungary Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 18 [0], given: 3 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 21 May 2008, 04:05 As I am not a native speaker, I can see only redundant problem with answer C. Their is rudundant in sentence C. Athletes' performance and preparation would be correct, I think. E is the correct answer. Manager Joined: 31 Aug 2009 Posts: 58 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 13 [0], given: 0 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 09 Dec 2009, 01:57 why is it plural? I thought "Sports Medicine Programs" is a proper noun hence singular. ???? SVP Joined: 16 Jul 2009 Posts: 1634 Schools: CBS WE 1: 4 years (Consulting) Followers: 36 Kudos [?]: 413 [0], given: 2 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 24 Aug 2010, 12:03 how can a plural subject be at the same time "a complex", which is a singular name? Please clarify. _________________ The sky is the limit 800 is the limit GMAT Club Premium Membership - big benefits and savings Manager Joined: 22 Aug 2008 Posts: 186 Followers: 5 Kudos [?]: 65 [0], given: 11 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 24 Aug 2010, 18:44 noboru wrote: how can a plural subject be at the same time "a complex", which is a singular name? Please clarify. The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition. a complex is not modifying (the plural subject) The Sports Medicine Programs, it is modifying the training center which is singular. If you omit the modifier, the sentence looks like The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center ARE geared toward enhancing... which is correct. coming back to the debate of C and E, i chose E ... In C, if I consider athletes' performance and their preparation ||, then it would mean that enhance their performance(which is good) and enhance their preparation (can you enhance the preparation??).. tarek99 wrote: here in E the sentence is the performance of athletes and preparing them so we are not using them with athletes' performance which is a possessive pronoun. E is Correct Forum Moderator Status: mission completed! Joined: 02 Jul 2009 Posts: 1410 GPA: 3.77 Followers: 167 Kudos [?]: 632 [0], given: 611 Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink] 13 Oct 2010, 12:52 E, but I have got this wrong initially. _________________ Audaces fortuna juvat! 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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]  14 Oct 2010, 02:23
tarek99 wrote:
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

In this problem, I chose C as my answer, however the OA is E. Would someone please explain why?
thanks

The subject is plural so we need the plural verb form "are". This eliminates answer choices A and B.
D is out on parallelism.
C correctly uses the plural verb form "are" but it is incorrect as it is awkward. Moreover, you should avoid using the plural possessive form (s') in an answer choice as it is incorrect more than 90% of the time. If you are faced with two correct answer choices, go for the one which doesn't use the plural possessive form. Moreover, E uses parallelism correctly.
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]  15 Oct 2010, 07:51
down to C and E, went for E.

possessives can not antecedents of a pronoun.(their)
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Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs [#permalink]  15 Oct 2010, 09:06
The Sports Medicine Programs of the Olympic Training Center, a complex where final tryouts are held for athletes representing the United States in the Olympics, is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation for international competition.

a) is geared toward enhancing athletes' performance and toward their preparation

b) is geared to enhance the performance of athletes and to prepare them

c) are geared to enhance athletes' performance and their preparation

d) are geared toward the enhancement of athletes' performance and toward preparing them

e) are geared toward enhancing the performance of athletes and preparing them

We know clearly S-V issue. In "E" along with S-V agreement correctly formed, enhancing is clearly parallel with preparing. vs. C
Re: SC: Sports Medicine Programs   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2010, 09:06

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