The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure

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The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2012, 02:49
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The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration.
C) leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure.
D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration.

How is OA correct?
My doubt about OA : 1. Doesn't "which" modify only preceding words in the GMAT world?
2. When "which" is used, should't there be a comma before "which"?

Also, I have several other questions.
1. What's wrong with b and c? I think that the Statue of Liberty's defect IS LEADING its deterioration.
Is "its" before deterioration a problem? Does it have a ambiguity issue?

2. If "which" or "that" doesn't modify only preceding words like "which" in the OA, can't a be the OA?
What's wrong with a?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
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Re: PT #17 SC 7 [#permalink]

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03 Apr 2012, 09:48
I can't seem to buy any option here...how can E be correct..no comma before 'which', which seems to modify the structure..
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Re: PT #17 SC 7 [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2012, 12:49
This is pretty weird

Does anyone have any explanation?
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Re: PT #17 SC 7 [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2012, 01:37
According to the discussion of the following question: "A possessive pronoun can refer to a possessive ('s)."
So why can't A be the answer in this case?

With her archaeologist husband, travels inspired several mystery novels by Agatha Christie; travelers to Egypt can still stay at the Old Cataract Hotel, the model for the hotel in one of Christie's most famous books.

With her archaeologist husband, travels inspired several mystery novels by Agatha Christie

Agatha Christie used her travels with her archaeologist husband to inspire several mystery novels

Because her husband was an archaeologist, Agatha Christie was able to use their travels as inspiration for several of her mystery novels

Together with her archaeologist husband, Agatha Christie was inspired to incorporate their travel into several of her mystery novels

Agatha Christie's travels with her archaeologist husband served as inspiration for several of her mystery novels

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Re: PT #17 SC 7 [#permalink]

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14 Apr 2012, 05:16
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eybrj2 wrote:
The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration.
C) leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure.
D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration.

How is OA correct?
My doubt about OA : 1. Doesn't "which" modify only preceding words in the GMAT world?
2. When "which" is used, should't there be a comma before "which"?

Also, I have several other questions.
1. What's wrong with b and c? I think that the Statue of Liberty's defect IS LEADING its deterioration.
Is "its" before deterioration a problem? Does it have a ambiguity issue?

2. If "which" or "that" doesn't modify only preceding words like "which" in the OA, can't a be the OA?
What's wrong with a?

Remember one rule: Nouns in the possessive case (before 's) and after preposition are poor antecedents. So we are very clear why OA is E:
A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
"Its" here refers to defects , not the Statue of Liberty . Defects can not be deteriorated.
B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration.
The same mistake to A
C) leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure.
The same mistake to A
D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
Second "that" modifies "supporting structure " or " defects" ? Ambiguous.
E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration.

OA: "which" modifies "defects" , not "Statue of Liberty" because "Statue of Liberty" is after the preposition "of".
"which" in this case is essential to clear the meaning , therefore we do not put commas there.

Hope it helps
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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27 Jan 2013, 23:16
Can we have more elaborate discussion on this one?
What is wrong with D?
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2013, 00:27
Marcab wrote:
Can we have more elaborate discussion on this one?
What is wrong with D?

Wrong with D:
"structure that led to its deterioration"

Structure dint lead to the deterioration but the defects did!
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2013, 06:02
Hi Marcab,

THAT must describe the noun and is placed after the noun.

The first THAT is correctly placed and supports the noun "defects".
The second THAT is placed after "structure". But this not correct.
Try answering the question What led to the deterioration? - Answer: Structure - This is wrong.

D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.

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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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28 Jan 2013, 08:22
eybrj2 wrote:
The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration.
C) leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure.
D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration.

How is OA correct?
My doubt about OA : 1. Doesn't "which" modify only preceding words in the GMAT world?
2. When "which" is used, should't there be a comma before "which"?

Also, I have several other questions.
1. What's wrong with b and c? I think that the Statue of Liberty's defect IS LEADING its deterioration.
Is "its" before deterioration a problem? Does it have a ambiguity issue?

2. If "which" or "that" doesn't modify only preceding words like "which" in the OA, can't a be the OA?
What's wrong with a?

In the original statement, "that led to its deterioration" is a noun-modifier. And a noun-modifier must touch the noun that it modifies. Secondly, the reference of "its" is incorrect because it is refering to supporting structure, but we know that the intention of the sentence is to refer to Statue of Liberty, which is not present in the sentence, rather, its possessive form is present. So an alternate that removes these errors will be correct. Either the source of this question is a problem, or there is an error in retyping the question by the original poster, because none of the options look correct to me. Here's why

A. As explained above
B. "its" is ambiguous. Secondly, ", leading" (-ing verb with a comma) modifies the verb or the whole clause before it. But in this case, there is no action happening in the first part of the sentence.
C. "its" is ambiguous again. Secondly, the modifier "leading to its deterioration" should follow the noun that is being deteriorated or is referred to by "its". In this case, it is the defects.
D. The presence of "that" after "supporting structure" implies that the supporting structure led to the statue's deterioration. The ambiguity with "its" however has been resolved.
E. Incorrect usage and wrong placement of non-essential modifier.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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03 Feb 2013, 15:10
IMO

A,B,C are in possesive so there is an pronoun(its) ambiguity .
left with D nd E. here its (its deterioration) can refer to 'supporting structure' or 'Statue of Liberty'
so i chose E where "its" is closer to 'Statue of Liberty' (last rule for pronoun to apply)

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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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23 May 2013, 03:41
Can someone either delete or rectify this question there his is no chance OA can be E

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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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23 May 2013, 10:59
(E) it is. Got confused with (A) and (D) also, but then the misplaced 'that' was a clear noNo.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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30 Sep 2013, 22:17
I have a doubt. What if option (D) was put this way, without the second "that". Would it be right then ?

" The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure led to its deterioration."
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2013, 00:06
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rwj wrote:
I have a doubt. What if option (D) was put this way, without the second "that". Would it be right then ?

" The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure led to its deterioration."

It is still wrong. Let put it into the whole sentence and you will see

The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

This is a fragment sentence.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2013, 06:05
Very confused not to see comma before which. Over the years i have learned that Comma should be used before which.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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13 Mar 2014, 13:06
The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration. -- That is flexible in use it can refer to defects.
B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration. -- comma is missing after deterioration.
C) leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure. -- looks ok
D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration. -- and is missing that... and that... construction required.
E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration. -- comma is missing before which, supporting structure is also an eligible noun. E could have been debatable choice If comma was present.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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05 Apr 2014, 06:23
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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13 Apr 2014, 06:45
srinjoy28 wrote:

D) The defects
that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure AND
that led to its deterioration.

We need a conjunction to bring both restrictive clause to modify "the defects" without any conjunction in option D second that is modifying the supporting structure and such modification is not intended as per the required meaning.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2014, 16:17
Can someone explain why E is better than D? Doesn't E have "which" without a comma and that should ALWAYS refer back to the noun before it, which in this case is "Statue of Liberty". This makes the sentence incorrect. Can someone please clarify?
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The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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31 Dec 2014, 09:24
The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
(Correct answer: since ITS is is a possesive pronoun, it can clearly refer to satue of liberty in its possisive form & even though there is a prepositional phrase between THAT and DEFECTS, the modifier starting with that is is clearly modifying DEFECTS and makes sense since prepostional pharse is acceptable between THAT MODIFIER and ENTITY IT MODIFIES)

B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration.

C) leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure.
(Wrong: again modifier error)

D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration.
(Wrong: two modifiers starting with THAT making sentence unclear)

E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration.
(Wrong: even though modifier starting with WHICH can modify an entity little far away from it, WHICH must be seperated by COMMA since it is a non-essential modifier and ITS has no clear refferent, ITS can refer to both SUPPORTING STRUCTURE and STATUE OF LIBERTY and both are making sense when related to deterioration)
The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure   [#permalink] 31 Dec 2014, 09:24

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