The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure

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Joined: 03 Jul 2013
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The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 01:05
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The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

(A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration

(B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration

(C) Leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure

(D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration

(E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration

Question : Use of "which" in option E. Isn't "which" always preceded by a comma ? And the option E doesn't "which" refer to Statue of Liberty ? If it does then it distorts the meaning of the sentence. Meaning the Statue of Liberty led to its own deterioration. ???
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2013, 10:14
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Hi Dhairya275

The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration have been corrected, according to the firm of consulting engineers.

(A) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration
Wrong. "that" always modifies the CLOSET noun --> "that" modifies "supporting structure" --> wrong.

(B) The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure, leading to its deterioration
Wrong. Because there is NO comma after phrase "leading to its deterioration" --> The phrase is not a modifier --> wrong grammar.

(C) Leading to its deterioration, the Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure
Wrong. "Leading to its deterioration" is misplaced modifier.

(D) The defects that the Statue of Liberty had in its supporting structure that led to its deterioration
Wrong. Same as in A. "that" always modifies the CLOSET noun --> "that" modifies "supporting structure" --> wrong.

(E) The defects in the supporting structure of the Statue of Liberty which led to its deterioration
The best option among all. But it's still wrong according to GMAT standards which require a comma before "which".

Note: "which" does not need to modifier the closest noun. That's quite common in GMAT. Please see a "similar" question below:
emily-dickinsons-letters-to-susan-huntington-dickinson-were-10142.html

The point here is that without a comma before which, the sentence is not correct per GMAT standards.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2013, 10:14
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# The Statue of Liberty's defects in its supporting structure

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