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The steel industry has changed radically over the last two

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The steel industry has changed radically over the last two [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2008, 04:29
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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83% (01:43) correct 17% (01:32) wrong based on 46 sessions
The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades, as large, integrated
companies such as Bethlehem Steel once conducted operations from mining at one end of
the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down
altogether.

A. as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel
B. as large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
C. with large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
D. while large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
E. and large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel
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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2008, 07:30
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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2008, 08:37
IMO :C
Will furnish my line of reasoning , if it is correct .

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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2008, 09:29
IMO C.

downsizing and shutting down plants are radical shift of the steel companies. With is required here.
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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 23 Nov 2008, 12:07
B in my opinion.
the 'have greatly downsized' needs an 'as...' and will not work with a 'with..'
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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2008, 23:03
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going with B here is why:

A and E are out because to describe "Bethlehem Steel" we need to use a relative pronoun "that"

to decide between BCD look at the carcass of the sentence:

industry has changed with companies shut down - doesn't make sense, so C out
industry has changed while companies shut down - doesn't make sense, so D out
industry has changed as companies shut down - makes sense :) thus B

atletikos wrote:
The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades, as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel once conducted operations from mining at one end of the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down altogether.

A. as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel
B. as large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
C. with large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
D. while large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
E. and large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel
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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2008, 23:15
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Bethlehem Steel once conducted --> Implied we need one conjunction ..to correct this run on sentence. A &E are out.
Among BCD,
d) two decades, while large, integrated--> While indicates that there should be change in the direction of the statement.
This is not the case here. Hence ruled out.
two decades, as large, integrated -->
two decades, with large, integrated -->
Confused between B&C, but would pick B. As with large .. looks incomplete to me.

atletikos wrote:
The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades, as large, integrated
companies such as Bethlehem Steel once conducted operations from mining at one end of
the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down
altogether.

A. as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel
B. as large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
C. with large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
D. while large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that
E. and large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel
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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 24 Nov 2008, 23:28
Hi .. I would go with A.

Because . That is not appropriate since we are using have in the non-underlined part, And also demonstrative pronoun is not mandatory to be used. So A wins.

Let me know if i was correct. Pls post the OA soon.
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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 25 Nov 2008, 05:30
OA is B
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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 29 Jul 2010, 14:20
",that" construction sounds very bad for me, since it is a essential modifier.
If it were ",which" I would like it more.
Please some thoughts on this.
Thanks.
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Re: steel industry [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2010, 05:58
atletikos wrote:
OA is B



What is the source of this question?

If B is the OA how can this sentence be correct?

The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades,[highlight]as large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that[/highlight] once conducted operations from mining at one end of
the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down
altogether.

remove the fluff "such as Bethlehem Steel "

The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades,[highlight]as large, integrated companies, , that[/highlight] once conducted operations from mining at one end of
the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down
altogether.

- Is "that" correct in the above sentence?

Also "Have" corresponds to "companies" . See the flaw?
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Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two [#permalink] New post 03 Feb 2014, 04:55
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The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades, as large, integrated
companies such as Bethlehem Steel
once conducted operations from mining at one end of
the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down
altogether.

A. as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel Current construction has two verbs in the subordinate clause; need to find answer that has relative pronoun so as to make the sentence more logical.

B. as large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that OK - Conjunction "as" is a trap in that it refers to "since" or "because" not "while"; "while" would make the sentence illogical

C. with large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that Has the industry changed and large companies downsizing or has the industry changed since the downsizing?; "with" = add, thereby changing the meaning of the sentence.

D. while large, integrated companies, such as Bethlehem Steel, that Here is trap answer because "while" = "as" in certain occasions; however, "as" must be "since" or "because" in order to make the sentence logical. Has the industry changed while companies have downsized or has the industry changed since the companies have downsized -- "while" is illogical

E. and large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel "and" creates two independent clauses, thereby changing the meaning of the sentence. Has the industry changed and companies downsized or has the industry changed since companies downsized?
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Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2015, 11:12
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Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two [#permalink] New post 30 Apr 2015, 11:47
atletikos wrote:
The steel industry has changed radically over the last two decades,
as large, integrated companies such as Bethlehem Steel once conducted operations from mining at one end of
the process to shipping at the other have greatly downsized, or in some cases shut down
altogether.


"AS" = presents how (can be substituted with because) the industry has changed
after Bethlehem Steel we need "that"
A, C, D, and E are out. B is the only answer choice left.
however I don't like the comma before "that".
C, D, and E - change the meaning of the sentence as well.
Re: The steel industry has changed radically over the last two   [#permalink] 30 Apr 2015, 11:47
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