Could you please provide the OE for questions 2 and 4 ?
Somehow I can no longer access my reports for that exam; not sure what's going on. However, the following was posted on another forum:
The answers with explanation:
C) - (A) is a distortion of information. Paragraph 1 discusses Saussure's work with linguistics, but not with respect to the study of mythology. Likewise, (B)is mentioned early in paragraph 1. However, the author never sets out to reconcile the contradiction. (C) is pretty close to theprephrase mentioned above, so keep it. Levi-Strauss is mentioned throughout the passage, but his accomplishments are not outlined, so (D) is wrong. And while there are terms defined in paragraph 2, the definitions are given only when describing part of the methodology being laid out. Therefore, you can eliminate (E)
D) - Remember that an Inference question will never be too far from what's stated in the passage. In this case, think about what each term means.Parole is the recounting of a myth, while the langue is the structural whole of the myth. The langue , then, is a uniting thread through all its versions. The parole , meanwhile, addresses each retelling. Thus, the two terms distinguish between specific versions of a myth and the unity of all its versions, (D). (A) addresses the role of the parole , but not the langue . (B) is not correct, for even though these are linguistic terms, their function is not to compare myth to language. (C) does not work because langue illustrates the common meaning, so this can't possibly be the answer. And
(E) is outside the scope of the passage.
B) - Whenever you see "according to the passage," you should be able to scan the passage and find the answer almost word for word. In this case, "recurrent elements in myth" matches "archetype," and "specific meanings" corresponds to "fixed significance." Thus, (B) is correct. (A) is wrong, as the relationship between Jung and early linguists is not mentioned. The passage simply mentions that the two are similar. (C) doesn't work because no link is ever made between Jung and Saussure. (D) is wrong for the same reason as (C). And (E) is wrong because Jung's ideas did not take the structure of myths into account.
A) - A quick scan of the answer choices will help you eliminate some. Levi-Strauss didn't argue or refute anything, so (B) and (C) are out. He never mentioned poetry, so (D) can go as well. And (E) is wrong because he never mentions the study of language. That leaves only (A), which makes perfect sense. What Levi-Strauss is saying here is that myth takes off from
the language that it's built on, so that its meaning actually transcends the actual words being used.
KUDOS please if my post was useful!