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The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal

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The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2012, 15:02
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The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal to the three-digit number x13. If q = 10^n – 49, what is the value of n?

(A) 24
(B) 25
(C) 26
(D) 27
(E) 28
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Re: Value of n [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2012, 15:18
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enigma123 wrote:
The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal to the three-digit number x13. If q = 10^n – 49, what is the value of n?
(A) 24
(B) 25
(C) 26
(D) 27
(E) 28

Any idea how to approach this problem?


10^n has n+1 digits: 1 and n zeros. For example: 10^2=100 --> 3 digits: 1 and 2 zeros;

10^n-49 will have n digits: n-2 9's and 51 in the and. For example: 10^4-49=10,000-49=9,951 --> 4 digits: 4-2=two 9's and 51 in the end;

We are told that the sum of all the digits of 10^n-49 is equal to the three-digit number x13 --> 9(n-2)+5+1=x13 --> 9n-12=x13 --> 9n=x25 --> x25 is divisible by 9 --> the sum of its digits must be divisible by 9 --> x=2 --> 9n=225 --> n=25.

Answer: B.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2012, 16:03
Sorry Bunuel - Struggling to understand how you got to 10^n-49 will have n digits: n-2 9's and 51 in the end. For example: 10^4=10,000-51=9,949 --> 4 digits: 4-2=two 9's and 49 in the end;
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 21 Jan 2012, 16:14
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enigma123 wrote:
Sorry Bunuel - Struggling to understand how you got to 10^n-49 will have n digits: n-2 9's and 51 in the end. For example: 10^4=10,000-51=9,949 --> 4 digits: 4-2=two 9's and 49 in the end;


10^n-49 will have n digits: n-2 9's and 51 in the and. For example: 10^4-49=10,000-49=9,951 --> 4 digits: 4-2=two 9's and 51 in the end;

Or maybe this will help:
10^n has n+1 digits: 1 and n zeros;
10^n-49 has n digits, so one less digit than 10^n. In the end it'll have 51 (the same way 1,000-49=951) and the rest of the digits, so n-2 digits, will be 9's.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 22 Jan 2012, 07:42
My way
after pluging n=2, n=3, n=4 you see that digits go according to the pattern "9(k times)51" where k=n-2
so you left with => 9*k+5+1=x13, n=k+2, find n, try numbers and solve it easy
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2012, 17:20
Bunuel - again struggling. Can you please explain how did you get to this ?

We are told that the sum of all the digits of 10^n-49 is equal to the three-digit number x13
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2012, 17:20
I mean the solution after the line above.
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 24 Jan 2012, 17:22
Got it thanks. Sorry its bit late in the night at my end.
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 17 Aug 2012, 22:24
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Again the best solution by Bunuel.
I think the question should be written as clear as possible to avoid any confusion.

The stem of the question should be {The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal to the three-digit number which is x13.....} rather than {The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal to the three-digit number x13.}
(A) 24
(B) 25
(C) 26
(D) 27
(E) 28
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Re: Value of n [#permalink] New post 14 Sep 2012, 06:56
Bunuel wrote:

10^n has n+1 digits: 1 and n zeros. For example: 10^2=100 --> 3 digits: 1 and 2 zeros;

10^n-49 will have n digits: n-2 9's and 51 in the and. For example: 10^4-49=10,000-49=9,951 --> 4 digits: 4-2=two 9's and 51 in the end;

We are told that the sum of all the digits of 10^n-49 is equal to the three-digit number x13 --> 9(n-2)+5+1=x13 --> 9n-12=x13 --> 9n=x25 --> x25 is divisible by 9 --> the sum of its digits must be divisible by 9 --> x=2 --> 9n=225 --> n=25.

Answer: B.

Hope it's clear.


I'm just wondering about this approach: I tried to find a pattern.

n= 2 --> sum of digits = 6
n= 3 --> sum of digits = 15
n= 4 --> sum of digits = 24
n= 5 --> sum of digits = 33
(an increase of 9 for every n)

So for every odd n we get an odd units digit in the sum. And since x13 ends with an odd (3) number, I eliminated ans. choices A, C and E.

As for B and D - I was guessing/hoping that the units digit would stay on 3 for multiples of 5. So I picked ans. choice B).

But after thinking about it. I think I got lucky. So I'm wondering if there is something/similar that relates to this approach that yields a correct answer every time?

Thanks.
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 21 Dec 2012, 06:29
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enigma123 wrote:
The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal to the three-digit number x13. If q = 10^n – 49, what is the value of n?

(A) 24
(B) 25
(C) 26
(D) 27
(E) 28


10^2 - 49 = 51
10^3 - 49 = 951
10^4 - 49 = 9951

The sum of digits 5 and 1 is 5 + 1 = 6. In order to get x13, we need to add a units digit 7 to 6.

(A) 10^24 gives 22 9s = 9*22 = units digit 8
(B) 10^25 gives 23 9s = 9*23 = units digit 7

Answer: B
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 16 Jul 2013, 23:33
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2013, 08:11
Let's say n = 2. This would leave q= 51. When n=3 this would leave q= 951. As n increases after this point a 9 will be added to the number. So for n=4 we would have 2 9's in the number. Following this pattern whatever n happens to be we will have n-2 number of 9's left in our number q.

Since the 3 digit number we want is x13, the units digit of the addition of all the numbers in q must be a multiple of 9 + 6 (5 +1). If we look at the options given we can eliminate A as we would be left with (22x9) + 6 which would not yeild a units digit of 3. If we move to option B we can see that (23X9) + 6 does yeild a 3 in the units digit. If we test out the remaining options in this fashion we realize that only answer B gives us the desired result.
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 17 Jul 2013, 13:18
I'll give this a try......

x13 = sum of all the digits in our number (q), and q = 10^n – 49. So 10^any number will always end in a bunch of 0's, thus 10^n - 49 will always be a bunch on 9's then end in 51, for example 9999999999999999951. So we know the last two digits are 5 and 1, and then every other digit is a 9. if we take x13 and subtract 5 and 1 (6) from it, then we get x07. Now we need to know how many 9's go into x07. If we add up all digits of x07, they need to equal 9 in order for 9 to be a factor of it, so x07 must really be 207. 207 = 9*23, so there are 23 9's in our number followed by a 5 and a 1, giving us a 25 digit number. 10^25 = a 26 digit number, subtract 49 yields a 25 digit number. Thus n=25.
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 18 Jul 2013, 10:59
I also solved it by finding a pattern:

For n = 3: q = 10^3 - 49 = 951
For n = 4: q = 10^4 - 49 = 9951
For n = 5: q = 10^5 - 49 = 99951
etc...

We can see that the number of 9 digits is 2 less than n. We can now see that our number q equals 99999.....951.
We can now test with the given values for n:

(A) n = 24: 9.(n-2) + (5+1) = 9.(n-2) + 6 = 9(22) + 6 = 204
(B) n = 25: (9)(23) + 6 = 213, our answer is (B)

I think this can be solved in under 2 minutes with this method if one can find the pattern quickly.
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Re: The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal [#permalink] New post 19 Jul 2013, 14:36
100-49= 51
1000-49=951
10000-49=9951
...
sum the digits
5+1=6
9+6=15
2(9)+6=25
...
we want x(9)+6 to equal x13
the sum is obviously greater than 100, this means x>10
6 only adds to 13 when added with 7
and only 3*9=27 gives us the seven that we need
we need the choices to be in multiples of 3, x=3,13, 23, 33, 43... gives you the ending 7
x=3, 27+6=33
x=13, 13*9+6=123
x=23, 23*9+6= 213

n=2+x, this is because we didn't see a 9 appear in 10^1, 10^2.
thus...23+2=25
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Re: Value of n [#permalink] New post 11 Jun 2014, 19:15
How do you get X = 2?

My approach was after finding out 51, I started plugging in the numbers from the answers and all I was looking for is a number that sums up to a units digit of 3.

Bunuel wrote:
enigma123 wrote:
The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal to the three-digit number x13. If q = 10^n – 49, what is the value of n?
(A) 24
(B) 25
(C) 26
(D) 27
(E) 28

Any idea how to approach this problem?


10^n has n+1 digits: 1 and n zeros. For example: 10^2=100 --> 3 digits: 1 and 2 zeros;

10^n-49 will have n digits: n-2 9's and 51 in the and. For example: 10^4-49=10,000-49=9,951 --> 4 digits: 4-2=two 9's and 51 in the end;

We are told that the sum of all the digits of 10^n-49 is equal to the three-digit number x13 --> 9(n-2)+5+1=x13 --> 9n-12=x13 --> 9n=x25 --> x25 is divisible by 9 --> the sum of its digits must be divisible by 9 --> x=2 --> 9n=225 --> n=25.

Answer: B.

Hope it's clear.
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Re: Value of n [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2014, 03:56
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farhanabad wrote:
How do you get X = 2?

My approach was after finding out 51, I started plugging in the numbers from the answers and all I was looking for is a number that sums up to a units digit of 3.

Bunuel wrote:
enigma123 wrote:
The sum of all the digits of the positive integer q is equal to the three-digit number x13. If q = 10^n – 49, what is the value of n?
(A) 24
(B) 25
(C) 26
(D) 27
(E) 28

Any idea how to approach this problem?


10^n has n+1 digits: 1 and n zeros. For example: 10^2=100 --> 3 digits: 1 and 2 zeros;

10^n-49 will have n digits: n-2 9's and 51 in the and. For example: 10^4-49=10,000-49=9,951 --> 4 digits: 4-2=two 9's and 51 in the end;

We are told that the sum of all the digits of 10^n-49 is equal to the three-digit number x13 --> 9(n-2)+5+1=x13 --> 9n-12=x13 --> 9n=x25 --> x25 is divisible by 9 --> the sum of its digits must be divisible by 9 --> x=2 --> 9n=225 --> n=25.

Answer: B.

Hope it's clear.


We got that the sum of three-digit number x25 is divisible by 9. A number is divisible by 9 if the sum of its digit is divisible by 9. So, for x25 to be divisible by 9 x must be 2: 2+2+5=9, which is divisible by 9.
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COLLECTION OF QUESTIONS:
PS: 1. Tough and Tricky questions; 2. Hard questions; 3. Hard questions part 2; 4. Standard deviation; 5. Tough Problem Solving Questions With Solutions; 6. Probability and Combinations Questions With Solutions; 7 Tough and tricky exponents and roots questions; 8 12 Easy Pieces (or not?); 9 Bakers' Dozen; 10 Algebra set. ,11 Mixed Questions, 12 Fresh Meat

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Re: Value of n   [#permalink] 12 Jun 2014, 03:56
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