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# The table above gives the number of calories and grams of

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Status: May The Force Be With Me (D-DAY 15 May 2012)
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The table above gives the number of calories and grams of [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2012, 05:26
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Food -- Number of Calories per Kilogram -- Number of Grams of Protein per Kilogram
S ----- 2.000 -----------------------------------------150
T ----- 1,500 -----------------------------------------90

The table above gives the number of calories and grams of protein per kilogram of foods S and T. If a total of 7 kilograms of S and T are combined to make a certain food mixture, how many kilograms of food S are in the mixture?

(1) The mixture has a total of 12,000 calories.
(2) The mixture has a total of 810 grams of protein.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Bunuel on 03 Apr 2012, 04:50, edited 1 time in total.
Edited the OA
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Re: The table above gives the number of calories and grams of [#permalink]

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01 Apr 2012, 08:15
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Expert's post
Food -- Number of Calories per Kilogram -- Number of Grams of Protein per Kilogram
S ----- 2.000 -----------------------------------------150
T ----- 1,500 -----------------------------------------90

The table above gives the number of calories and grams of protein per kilogram of foods S and T. If a total of 7 kilograms of S and T are combined to make a certain food mixture, how many kilograms of food S are in the mixture?

(1) The mixture has a total of 12,000 calories --> say x kilograms of food S are in the mixture then there will be 7-x kilograms of food T in the mixture. Now, according to the table above we'll have: 2,000x+1,500(7-x)=12,000, since there is only one variable then we can solve for it. Sufficient.

(2) The mixture has a total of 810 grams of protein --> 150x+90(7-x)=810, since there is only one variable then we can solve for it. Sufficient.

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Re: The table above gives the number of calories and grams of [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2012, 21:34
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Expert's post
boomtangboy wrote:
Food -- Number of Calories per Kilogram -- Number of Grams of Protein per Kilogram
S ----- 2.000 -----------------------------------------150
T ----- 1,500 -----------------------------------------90

The table above gives the number of calories and grams of protein per kilogram of foods S and T. If a total of 7 kilograms of S and T are combined to make a certain food mixture, how many kilograms of food S are in the mixture?

(1) The mixture has a total of 12,000 calories.
(2) The mixture has a total of 810 grams of protein.

Responding to a pm:

S -> 2000 C/kg and 150 P/kg
T -> 1500 C/kg and 90 P/kg

The mixture of the two is 7 kg.

Statement 1:
Mixture has 12000 C i.e. 12000/7 C/kg

The average calorie content of the mixture is 12000/7.

wT/wS = (AS - Aavg)/(Aavg - AT) (this formula represents the scale. You can either use the number line or this formula)

wT/wS = (2000 - 12000/7)/(12000/7 - 1500) = 2000/1500 = 4/3
So, in 7 kg, T was 4 kg and S was 3 kg

You don't really need to solve it. From the data you see that you have calorie content of each food and the average calorie content, so you can easily find the ratio of each food in the mixture. You also have the amount of mixture so you can easily find the amount of each food in the mixture.

Statement 2:
Mixture has 810 gms of P i.e. 810/7 P/kg

wT/wS = (150 - 810/7)/(810/7 - 90)

Again, same process as above.
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Re: The table above gives the number of calories and grams of [#permalink]

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15 Aug 2012, 12:46
Bunuel/ Karishma
Please let me know if this approach is ok
stmt 1
s+t = 7
2000s+1500T= 12000
solving for s , we get s is 3 and therefore sufficient

similiarly
s+t =7
150s +90 T= 810, solving for s, we get s = 3 and hence sufficient.
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Re: The table above gives the number of calories and grams of [#permalink]

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16 Aug 2012, 01:42
yogeshwar007 wrote:
Bunuel/ Karishma
Please let me know if this approach is ok
stmt 1
s+t = 7
2000s+1500T= 12000
solving for s , we get s is 3 and therefore sufficient

similiarly
s+t =7
150s +90 T= 810, solving for s, we get s = 3 and hence sufficient.

Your solution is correct. Notice that it's basically the same as my solution here: the-table-above-gives-the-number-of-calories-and-grams-of-129998.html#p1068312 You used two variables s and t (7-s), while I used x and 7-x.
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Re: The table above gives the number of calories and grams of [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2013, 02:16
Bumping for review and further discussion*. Get a kudos point for an alternative solution!

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Re: The table above gives the number of calories and grams of [#permalink]

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09 Dec 2014, 15:42
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

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Re: The table above gives the number of calories and grams of [#permalink]

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22 Mar 2016, 09:45
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: The table above gives the number of calories and grams of   [#permalink] 22 Mar 2016, 09:45
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