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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support

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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by singh_amit19 on 14 Oct 2007, 05:39, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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Hi,
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor's unqualifying support.

Image

1. Generally, apostrophe “s” is used with living beings. It is better to avoid them if they are used with a non-living thing. However, this should not be followed as a rule. This is the matter of preference. For example:
i. “the lion’s mane” is better than “the mane of the lion”
ii. “the color of the shirt” is better than “the shirt’s color”
Hence, “labor’s unqualifying support” is a very preferable expression.
2. “unqualifying” is no word at all. (Type it in the word document and you will see the red line appearing below it.)
3. Well, both the verb tenses “have received” and “are receiving” are correct. Per the original sentence, the women “have received” consistent support, meaning that they have been receiving the support for quite some time now. There are no solid reasons why it should be changed to “are receiving”.

POE:
Let us eliminate the answer choices based on more obvious errors in the sentence.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support: Wrong as discussed.

(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor: Wrong. “unqualifying” is ungrammatical.

(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor: Correct answer. Per the context of the sentence, the word “unqualified” means “not modified, limited, or restricted in any way”.

(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor: This choice distorts the meaning of the sentence. Also use of “by” is incorrect here.

(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor: Same errors as in D.
Notice that other answer choices can be eliminated for more obvious errors rather than the verb tense issue.

Image

1. Avoid ungrammatical expressions.
2. Avoid answer choices that distort the meaning of the sentence.
3. Look for obvious errors in an answer choice to eliminate it.

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singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor



I will go with C.

In A:
labor's unqualifying support --> labor's <unqualifying support > --> which may mean that .. labor has "qualifying support" and "unqualifying support" and we are referring to labor's <unqualifying support>

this doesn't make sense.

it should be unqualifying/unqualified labor's support --> unqualified <support of labor>

C is far better than A.
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Re: SC - SET 30 Q4 [#permalink]

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JingChan wrote:
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor



B - "are receiving support"

"have received" implies they had it for something and may or may not have it anymore.

not CDE: "unqualified support"


Have/Has + past participle (Received) - represents a going on action that began in the past and continues in the present.

Eg: Our country has enforced strict immigration laws for thirty years.

This sentence doesn't mean it happened in the past and it may or may not continue. Our country enforced strict immigration laws in the past and still enforces them today.

Hope that helps.
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study wrote:
Can someone please explain the difference between A & C.

Thanks


I think it is "unqualifying support" instead of "unqualified support" that makes A a bad choice.
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Quote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor


I think the answer should be A. "have consistently received" is present perfect which indicates three women received labor's support in the past and they continue to do so even now.

B doesnt seem correct... there is no need for present participle here. This choice makes it sound like three women are receiving support right at this moment.

C is again present participle. But "received the unqualified support of labor" is passive. A is in active voice, hence my choice over C.

Last edited by gluon on 14 Oct 2007, 11:00, edited 3 times in total.
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Re: SC - SET 30 Q4 [#permalink]

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I chose A but I am still confused with OA
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OA is C and not A because "unqualifying" is present participle, which denotes an ongoing action, whereas "unqualified" is past participle, which denotes an action that is complete.
Since we used past perfect tense to denote that the action is complete we have to use past participle "unqualified" to modify the noun support.
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Re: SC - SET 30 Q4 [#permalink]

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singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
C


A -> GMAT doesn't like the structure of "labor's unqualifying support" when other choices are available; it should be unqualified not unqualifying
B should be unqualified
C is correct
D and E support by labor passive voice is not preferred and they changed the original meaning of the sentence by making consistent and unqualified parallel.
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the issue here is just that "labor's unqualifying support" is just ridiculously awkward. this is one of those things that native speakers will understand almost instinctively, but that is nevertheless nearly impossible to explain to non-natives.

in general, i'm loath to use apostrophe + "s" for anything but humans, animals, and the like. this is definitely NOT a hard and fast rule, but i've noticed that it's fairly consistent across most usage.
thus, "an ape's vocal tract" is preferred to "the vocal tract of an ape", but "the colors of the mural" is better than "the mural's colors".

in general, if you get to pick between the apostrophe+s construction and the "of" construction, and the possessor isn't a living thing, i'd go with the latter.
but by all means try to eliminate based on other things first.

the REAL issue, though, is "unqualifying" -- this is incorrect.
"unqualifying" means "not meeting some sort of standard for qualification".
the intended meaning here is "unqualified", which means "without any sort of restriction or reservation".
I find this discussion on http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/post21475.html
Hope this helps
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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support [#permalink]

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The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor

Solution:

(A) have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
There is a issue in the meaning.
The support is modified by Labor. That is labor's suppport
And also the support is unqualified.
That means "unqualified" and "labor's" should be modifying support.
But in this option "labor’s unqualifying support" -> Support is modified by unqualified and qualified is modified by labor's -> which is illogical as labor's cannot modify unqualified.
Besides, "unqualifying" is not a word.


(B) are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
The above issue is rectified but we have another issue.
Now the meaning is "liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection" this is modifying "The three women" and the sentence talks about why they are "liberal activists". They have become "liberal activists" because they received support (I have stripped support of all the adjectives).
That means they received the support sometime back and the support is still continuing -> So present perfect is applicable.
This option uses the present continuous -> it means that support is still continuing and it is for a very short duration, and that doesn't provide the require understanding.

For example: I am cycling now -> The actions started some time back and it is continuing for a "short" duration. The cycling cannot be for a day or a month or a whole year. In this question, we require a duration for at least a month or a year.

Besides, "unqualifying" is not a word.


(C) have consistently received the unqualified support of labor -> Correct

(D) receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
In this option, the adverb "consistently" is converted into consistent which is a performing a role of an adjective and is modifying the support. This changes the meaning drastically as we require the adverb "consistently" to modify receive (verb).

This is also a tense issue -> Simple present which suggests that it is always true -> which is illogical.


(E) are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor
In this option, the adverb "consistently" is converted into consistent which is a performing a role of an adjective and is modifying the support. This changes the meaning drastically as we require the adverb "consistently" to modify receive (verb).
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New post 14 Oct 2007, 04:22
I picked A, I donno why i am wrong.........please help!!!
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Re: SC - SET 30 Q4 [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2007, 05:56
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor



B - "are receiving support"

"have received" implies they had it for something and may or may not have it anymore.

not CDE: "unqualified support"
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New post 14 Oct 2007, 10:33
OA is C

Please help me with explanations over here!
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New post 14 Oct 2007, 10:57
gluon wrote:
singh_amit19 wrote:
OA is C

Please help me with explanations over here!


Look at Spider's explanation above. Its right on money.


I am quite convinced that answer shud b between A & C......but y not possessive form i.e. labor’s unqualifying support instead of the unqualified support of labor
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New post 14 Oct 2007, 11:14
gluon wrote:
I changed my mind.. see above.


I got one more on my side :-) ....thnkx man!!!
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Re: SC - SET 30 Q4 [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2007, 17:37
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor


Between 'B' and 'C'

'B' - have is present plural so grammatically correct. But usage of adjective phrase unqualifying support should precede labor and not follow that.

Hence. agree with the OA - 'C'
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Re: SC - SET 30 Q4 [#permalink]

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New post 14 Oct 2007, 17:44
singh_amit19 wrote:
The three women, liberal activists who strongly support legislation in favor of civil rights and environmental protection, have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support.

A. have consistently received labor’s unqualifying support
B. are consistently receiving the unqualifying support of labor
C. have consistently received the unqualified support of labor
D. receive consistent and unqualified support by labor
E. are receiving consistent and unqualified support by labor


I have seen this one somewhere b/f. OA is correct.

possesive A does not win over C.
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Re: SC - SET 30 Q4 [#permalink]

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New post 27 Jan 2009, 05:30
Can someone please explain the difference between A & C.

Thanks
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Re: SC - SET 30 Q4 [#permalink]

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New post 10 Mar 2009, 15:32
Why is A better than C? I got this question on my GMAT PREP.
Re: SC - SET 30 Q4   [#permalink] 10 Mar 2009, 15:32

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