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# The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections are

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Director
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The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections are [#permalink]  20 Dec 2004, 06:34
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Official Guide for GMAT Verbal Review, 2nd Edition
Practice Question
Question No.: 60
Page: 140
Difficulty:

The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections are that it will remain so. In the United States this year, the total amount of tobacco sold by tobacco-farmers has increased, even though the number of adults who smoke has decreased.

Each of the following, if true, could explain the simultaneous increase in tobacco sales and decrease in the number of adults who smoke EXCEPT:

A. During this year, the number of women who have begun to smoke is greater than the number of men who have quit smoking
B. The number of teen-age children who have begun to smoke this year is greater than the number of adults who have quit smoking during the same period
C. During this year, the number of nonsmokers who have begun to use chewing tobacco or snuff is greater than the number of people who have quit smoking
D. The people who have continued to smoke consume more tobacco per person than they did in the past
E. More of the cigarettes made in the United States this year were exported to other countries than was the case last year.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by Narenn on 07 Oct 2013, 09:18, edited 1 time in total.
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Manager
Joined: 24 Aug 2004
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Use POE...

A: no of women who smoke has increased more than the no. of men who quit smoking... this choice comes as a surprise to me, because in that case the number of adults (assuming that men and women refer to adults, and not to teenagers, or children) who smoke will increase, so it contradicts the question statement itself which says that the number of adults smoking cigs. has decreased.

B. The number of teen-age children who have begun to smoke this year is greater than the number of adults who have quit smoking during the same period ---- this can result in higher tobacco cosumption and thereby higher profit

C. During this year, the number of nonsmokers who have begun to use chewing tobacco or snuff is greater than the number of people who have quit smoking -------- this can also result in higher tobacco consumption.

D. The people who have continued to smoke consume more tobacco per person than they did in the past --- this will also lead to increased consumption.

E. More of the cigarettes made in the United States this year were exported to other countries than was the case last year. ----- more cigerettes so more tobacco.....

So all of the answer choices except A can possibily lead to increase consumption.. (however, note that none of these can guarantee increased consumption or increased profit).

Since the question asks which of the choices could explain the simultaneous increase in tobacco sales and decrease in the number of adults who smoke EXCEPT

so the answer should be 'A'.
Director
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OK, thanks

Even though I know I can twist around and say (A) is wrong because women smokers who quit are more than women who started to smoke.
Manager
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OG CR No. 45 [#permalink]  12 Feb 2005, 01:05

CR #45
-------------------------
The tabacco industry is still profitable and projections are that it will remain so. In the US this year, the total amount of tobacco sold by tobacco farmers had increased, even though the number of adults who smoke had decreased.

Each of the following, if true, could explain the simultaneous increase in tobacco sales and decrease in the number of adults who smoke EXCEPT:

(C) During this year, the number of nonsmokers who have begun to use chewing tobacco or snuff is greater than the number of people who have quit smoking
-------------------------

My question :
Why is the choice (C) wrong? Can I assume the chewing tobacco is counted as one of tabacco? Assuming so, when the number of people who have begun to use chewing tobacco is greater than that of people who have quit the smoking, the number of people who smoke should be "increased", NOT "decreased"? Therefore, it looks (C) is the right answer.

Best regards,
SVP
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Usage of tobaco is a bigget set. In this set people who smoke fall and also those who chew.
But people who chew tobaco cannot be counted for people who smoke. Both are different.

Human beings comprise of men and women. But woman is different from man though both are human beings.
(C) give explanation about increase in tobaco sales (inspite of decrease in smokers) accounted for by addition of people who chew tobaco
Senior Manager
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Hello Taku,

I agree (C) comes close, but the essence of ETS' questions are that one has to select the best of the available options. Therefore, it is not recommended to examine one option in isolation. Nevertheless, my reasoning is as follows:

The relative number of people chewing or snuffing tobacco does not indicate the absolute consumption of tobacco by adults in the US. It is possible that the smokers who quite smoking smoked only 1 cig a day (say, x grams of tobacco) while the people who took up chewing tobacco consume (x+y) grams of tobacco. Hence, it cannot be determined if the absolute consumption of tobacco has decreased or not.

Hope this helps.
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anandnk is absolutely correct. The net effect of the increase in chewing tobacco and the decrease in smokers is a net gain of tobacco demand. It offers a good explanation to the situation presented in the question stem.
Manager
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Thank you very much, HongHu, anandnk and maavirick for your responses. I see why I made a wrong understanding. Now, I saw that tobbaco sales consists of people who smoke tobbaco and who chew tobbaco. (C) tells us that tabboco sales is increased due to a net gain of the number of people who chew tabboco although that of people who smoke tabboco is decreased. Yes?

Thank you & best regards,

Taku
Director
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The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections are [#permalink]  12 Nov 2005, 06:11
The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections are that it will remain so. In the United States this year, the total amount of tobacco sold by tobacco-farmers has increased, even though the number of adults who smoke has decreased.
Each of the following, if true, could explain the simultaneous increase in tobacco sales and decrease in the number of adults who smoke EXCEPT:

(A) During this year, the number of women who have begun to smoke is greater than the number of men who have quit smoking.
(B) The number of teen-age children who have begun to smoke this year is greater than the number of adults who have quit smoking during the same period.
(C) During this year, the number of nonsmokers who have begun to use chewing tobacco or snuff is greater than the number of people who have quit smoking.
(D) The people who have continued to smoke consume more tobacco per person than they did in the past.
(E) More of the cigarettes made in the United States this year were exported to other countries than was the case last year.
Manager
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What A states is contradict to the argument: the number of adults who smoke decreases.

All other choices do help explain the paradox in the argument.
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yup A it is.

A. women smokers are more, actually doesn't explain the paradox. women are also adult.

all other choices actually weakens the conclusion.
_________________

hey ya......

Senior Manager
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a)
b) Out of scope
c) Out: can support the decrease in smokers, but increase in tabacco sales
d) Out: supports the stimulus
e) Out: supports the stiumlus

Pick A.
Senior Manager
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Yea A looks good. All other choices are supported...
Director
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The number of adults have actually increased.Hence 'A'
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The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections are [#permalink]  24 Dec 2007, 01:46
The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections are that it will remain so. In the United States this year, the total amount of tobacco sold by tobacco-farmers has increased, even though the number of adults who smoke has decreased.

Each of the following, if true, could explain the simultaneous increase in tobacco sales and decrease in the number of adults who smoke EXCEPT:

(A) During this year, the number of women who have begun to smoke is greater than the number of men who have quit smoking.

(B) The number of teen-age children who have begun to smoke this year is greater than the number of adults who have quit smoking during the same period.

(C) During this year, the number of nonsmokers who have begun to use chewing tobacco or snuff is greater than the number of people who have quit smoking.

(D) The people who have continued to smoke consume more tobacco per person than they did in the past.

(E) More of the cigarettes made in the United States this year were exported to other countries than was the case last year

Director
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Re: CR: Tobacco Smokers [#permalink]  24 Dec 2007, 05:20
tarek99 wrote:
The tobacco industry is still profitable and projections are that it will remain so. In the United States this year, the total amount of tobacco sold by tobacco-farmers has increased, even though the number of adults who smoke has decreased.

Each of the following, if true, could explain the simultaneous increase in tobacco sales and decrease in the number of adults who smoke EXCEPT:

(A) During this year, the number of women who have begun to smoke is greater than the number of men who have quit smoking.

(B) The number of teen-age children who have begun to smoke this year is greater than the number of adults who have quit smoking during the same period.

(C) During this year, the number of nonsmokers who have begun to use chewing tobacco or snuff is greater than the number of people who have quit smoking.

(D) The people who have continued to smoke consume more tobacco per person than they did in the past.

(E) More of the cigarettes made in the United States this year were exported to other countries than was the case last year

Will go for 'E'
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Re: CR: Tobacco Smokers [#permalink]  24 Dec 2007, 07:47
I think is A. A is saying that the total number of adults smoking has decreased, which is in contrast with the text.
Manager
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A.
A says that number of smoking adults have increased.
SVP
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thanks guys! the OA is A. I totally couldn't see that A is the correct answer because i looked at it in terms of justifying the increase of tobacco sales. I totally forgot it made the number of smoking adults even more, something which contradicts what the question asked us to do! cool!
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Re: CR: Tobacco Smokers [#permalink]  25 Dec 2007, 02:36
A refers to men and women...so it is irrelevant and thus correct
Re: CR: Tobacco Smokers   [#permalink] 25 Dec 2007, 02:36

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