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The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet

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The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet [#permalink] New post 20 Jun 2005, 10:52
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A
B
C
D
E

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The United States petroleum industry’s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(A) The United States petroleum industry’s cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(B) The United States petroleum industry’s cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
(C) By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industry’s cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
(D) To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
(E) It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

Last edited by gmataquaguy on 20 Jun 2005, 17:27, edited 1 time in total.
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 [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2005, 09:47
"cost .. to meet" can't be splitted that rules out B and D.
in A and C "projected at ten percent" looks suspicious.
E is sharp and crisp.

Vote E.
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 [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2005, 10:37
by the end of the decade most likely requires future tense. E?
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 [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2005, 14:57
Would go with C ...More active than any other choice
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 [#permalink] New post 24 Jun 2005, 16:08
Paul, SuperCat and other SC Gurus could you please tell me what is wrong with AC "C"? The OA is E.

However i havent seen a solid explantion for why "C" is wrong except for

- The United States petroleum industry’s cost is not a correct expression
- cost to meet Vs cost of meeting.

I dont see anything wrong [atleast gramatically]. So could someone shed some light on what is wrong with AC "C" gramatically?
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 [#permalink] New post 25 Jun 2005, 21:34
Wow, I'd have gone with C but it looks like I need some gurus to explain this one.

Any takers?
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 [#permalink] New post 26 Jun 2005, 18:54
C is wrong because of tense problems. There are a lot of details which you can weed out but the backbone of the sentence looks like this:

By the end of the decade, X is projected at Y.

When using "projected", it implies speaking in present terms about something happening in he future. However, this sentence cannot be continued in present terms because the introductory modifier "by the end of the decade" requires us to continue the sentence in a future tense. Let's look at an even simpler example:

By tomorrow, I am done --> This is wrongly established in present tense. You can see how the sentence is awkward and it is precisely what C is doing.
By tomorrow, I will be done --> "will" future auxiliary is required to speak of something happening "tomorrow", in the future.

Only E uses a future auxiliary correctly.
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 [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2005, 18:45
Wow Paul, a wonderful explanation! Maybe paring down an SC into it's core components will help quite a bit. thanks for breaking it down. I wouldnt have recognized the simple present Vs future tense!!!
  [#permalink] 28 Jun 2005, 18:45
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