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# The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet

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The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 04:18
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The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

A. The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

B. The United States petroleum industrys cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

C. By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industrys cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

D. To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

E. It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 07:12
Answer choice C, 'By the end of the decade' should modify 'The united....cost'.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 10:57
E for me.
Assuming there is an apostrophe (industry's)
A,B,C - The United States petroleum industry's cost
industry's cost incorrectly implies that it is the cost of the industry. But it is cost to the industry.
D has a misplaced modifier problem.
E is fine. ( Though I have mixed feelings about the Cost to ....industry of meeting) {industry of meeting??}
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 11:06
Quote:
The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.

A. The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
B. The United States petroleum industrys cost by the end of the decade to meet environmental regulations is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
C. By the end of the decade, the United States petroleum industrys cost of meeting environmental regulations is projected at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.
D. To meet environmental regulations, the cost to the United States petroleum industry is estimated at ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum by the end of the decade.
E. It is estimated that by the end of the decade the cost to the United States petroleum industry of meeting environmental regulations will be ten percent of the price per barrel of refined petroleum.

A - Wrong - By end of decade at the end makes the sentence clumsy
B - 'to meet' looks tempting. By end of decade is again used incorrectly. Wrong. The given sentence has projected. so I will stick with projected.
C - CORRECT. Though I still have doubt with 'of meeting'
D - Modifier error at the start
E - I stick to Projected. So estimated is wrong.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 11:11
straight E..

i believe the idiom is the estimated that
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 19:02
saravalli wrote:
E for me.
Assuming there is an apostrophe (industry's)
A,B,C - The United States petroleum industry's cost
industry's cost incorrectly implies that it is the cost of the industry. But it is cost to the industry.
D has a misplaced modifier problem.
E is fine. ( Though I have mixed feelings about the Cost to ....industry of meeting) {industry of meeting??}

great explaination, I totally agree with you. Your reasoning help me find one more time mistake I often meet "misplaced modifier"- Recognize it and correct it still be my weakness!

At first I choose D. But "To meet...regulation" is misplaced modifier, right?
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 19:35
Really good one. Where is this from ? gmatprep?

C vs E.
I was initially swayed by C but I think E is better.
In C , "the United States Petroleum industry's cost" does not look to be the correct phrase.
A better option would be " cost to the United States Petroleum industry " which is present in E.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2008, 19:52
I'll go with C. Keeping my fingers crossed now. OA Please?
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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17 May 2008, 11:02
I believe E is better than C. BSD ... would you please give us the OA on this one. It's a close call between C and E, except that I don't like the structure -- industrys cost...projected at 10 percent..
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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17 May 2008, 14:57
I go for E .

In C "By the end of decade" in the start of statement is confusing
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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18 May 2008, 04:24
OA is E.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2010, 09:50
OA is E, but as per Manhattan SC, the construction "It is...that" must be avoided.
Can anybody explain?
Thanks.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2011, 00:34
projected at and estimated that | to be are correct usage of idioms.

Also, petroleum industrys cost of meeting environmental ... in C is not a correct usage.

Cost to is preferred usage as in E. Hence E.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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16 May 2011, 13:01
+1 E

It is correct, and it is the more clear, although I don't find huge errors in C.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2011, 06:29
C vs. E

C is wrong because, the sentence is about projections.
What tense should we use if we are presented with future estimates and projections?
in C: "By the end of the decade,....... the cost ..... is projected"
E is correct, as it uses future tense for projections.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2011, 09:03
amit2k9 wrote:
projected at and estimated that | to be are correct usage of idioms.

Also, petroleum industrys cost of meeting environmental ... in C is not a correct usage.

Cost to is preferred usage as in E. Hence E.

Can you plz tell y option E is worng? is it because the modifer To meet environmental regulations, should be follwed by a noun or.......?
And every time a modifer should be follwed by what?
Iam really confused of this,thanks a lot to explain
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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15 Sep 2011, 15:33
I picked C but I understand why E is correct. Thanks guys.
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Re: SC - United states petroleum [#permalink]

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25 May 2014, 02:41
bsd_lover wrote:
OA is E.

Why is D wrong? What does it mean by misplaced modifier?
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Re: The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet [#permalink]

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26 Dec 2015, 11:18
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Re: The United States petroleum industrys cost to meet   [#permalink] 26 Dec 2015, 11:18
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