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The viatnamese artist exhibiting work in the united states

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The viatnamese artist exhibiting work in the united states [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2006, 19:28
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The viatnamese artist exhibiting work in the united states reported that one of her artistic challenges had been the former widespread
-------------------------------------------------
unavailability of paper and canvas in wartime, which she said often forced her to work on matchboxes and scraps of newsprint.

a) her artistic challenges had been the former
b) her artistic challenges had been the formerly
c) her artistic challenges is the former
d) their artistic challenges is the former
e) their artistic challenges had been the former

could anyone answer and explain the answer please?
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Re: SC : work exhibit [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2006, 19:34
shoonya wrote:
The viatnamese artist exhibiting work in the united states reported that one of her artistic challenges had been the former widespread unavailability of paper and canvas in wartime, which she said often forced her to work on matchboxes and scraps of newsprint.

a) her artistic challenges had been the former
b) her artistic challenges had been the formerly
c) her artistic challenges is the former
d) their artistic challenges is the former
e) their artistic challenges had been the former

could anyone answer and explain the answer please?


former is noun. the sentence needs adj (formerly) to modify adverb (widespread). So B seems correct.
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Re: SC : work exhibit [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2006, 19:51
MA wrote:
shoonya wrote:
The viatnamese artist exhibiting work in the united states reported that one of her artistic challenges had been the former widespread unavailability of paper and canvas in wartime, which she said often forced her to work on matchboxes and scraps of newsprint.

a) her artistic challenges had been the former
b) her artistic challenges had been the formerly
c) her artistic challenges is the former
d) their artistic challenges is the former
e) their artistic challenges had been the former

could anyone answer and explain the answer please?


former is noun. the sentence needs adj (formerly) to modify adverb (widespread). So B seems correct.


I will go with A

"former" may be a noun or adjective depending on the context.
Example
Noun: Tom and Dick were both heroes but only the former is remembered today.
Adjective: The sentence posted. "former" is modifying the noun "unavailability".

MA,
See the bold part above. I think adjectives modify noun or a pronoun ONLY not the adverbs. "widespread" is an adjective and is modiying "unavailability". "former" is also an adjective here and modifying "unavailability".
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2006, 19:55
I too take (A). Formerly and unavailability clash in B.
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2006, 20:01
Will go with A

D/E "their" S-V agreement violated hence out.

"Had" is required for past tense.

B - formely and unavailability clash
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Re: SC : work exhibit [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2006, 20:01
MA wrote:
shoonya wrote:
The viatnamese artist exhibiting work in the united states reported that one of her artistic challenges had been the former widespread unavailability of paper and canvas in wartime, which she said often forced her to work on matchboxes and scraps of newsprint.

a) her artistic challenges had been the former
b) her artistic challenges had been the formerly
c) her artistic challenges is the former
d) their artistic challenges is the former
e) their artistic challenges had been the former

could anyone answer and explain the answer please?


former is noun. the sentence needs adj (formerly) to modify adverb (widespread). So B seems correct.


Though I think answer is B, reasoning given above is wrong.
Adjective can NOT modify adverb, but adverb can modify adjective.
Here widespread is an adjective(modifying unavailability), which needs an adverb, formerly.
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Re: SC : work exhibit [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2006, 20:57
Path wrote:
MA wrote:
shoonya wrote:
The viatnamese artist exhibiting work in the united states reported that one of her artistic challenges had been the former widespread unavailability of paper and canvas in wartime, which she said often forced her to work on matchboxes and scraps of newsprint.

a) her artistic challenges had been the former
b) her artistic challenges had been the formerly
c) her artistic challenges is the former
d) their artistic challenges is the former
e) their artistic challenges had been the former

could anyone answer and explain the answer please?


former is noun. the sentence needs adj (formerly) to modify adverb (widespread). So B seems correct.


Though I think answer is B, reasoning given above is wrong.
Adjective can NOT modify adverb, but adverb can modify adjective.
Here widespread is an adjective(modifying unavailability), which needs an adverb, formerly.


you are correct. i mistakenly reversed the rule: adv modifies the adj.
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 [#permalink] New post 05 Jul 2006, 22:38
I go for B.

Former modifies Availability and not Widespread=> use of adj.

If we replace former with first, clearly "... had been the firstly widespread unavalability" sounds incorrect.

CDE are out due to tense or THEIR.
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 [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2006, 10:30
It's a question from Kaplan's diagnostic test. The OA is A.
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  [#permalink] 07 Jul 2006, 10:30
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