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The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe

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The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2013, 04:04
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Question Stats:

83% (01:37) correct 17% (00:43) wrong based on 54 sessions
The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding ever since.

(A) that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding

(B) that the universe had begun in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and had been expanding

(C) that the beginning of the universe was an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago that has expanded

(D) the beginning of the universe to have been an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years agothat is expanding

(E) the universe to have begun in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding

The above (Opt A) is correct. 2 of the wrong options used the relative pronoun "that":
"... that the beginning of the universe was an explosive instant 10-20 billion years ago that has expanded"
"...the beginning of the universe to have been an explosive instant 10 to 20 billion years ago that is expanding"
In the first wrong choice above, the OG says that describes "instant" (which is illogical) but in the second, the OG says "that" refers to "beginning". Why does "that" refer to different things and when how can we tell to what it is referring? (I have tons of problems with "that"!)

Thanks!
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Re: OG 13 SC 10: The widely accepted big bang [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2013, 04:45
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Re: OG 13 SC 10: The widely accepted big bang [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2013, 04:50
carcass wrote:
Please read the rules for posting rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html

Thanks


Hi!

Thanks for your message. I did read the rules before but am not too clear which specific one you are referring to? Pls do clarify which of the 9 points I have infringed so I can make sure I don't do it again :) Thanks!

1. Use the Search Box Before Posting.
I have done so and found the same OG question several times. however, the ones I referenced were asking about a different component of the question, and some are pretty outdated, so I thought it would make more sense for everyone to start a new thread.

2. Choose the Right Forum.
Sc --> SC

3. Give a Topic Name (IMPORTANT).
I have done so, including the OG ref.

4. Post Only one Question per Topic.
Yup, one.

5. Do not Change the Question.
Whilst I did not type in the entire question, I did not change the relevant (to my question) parts.

6. TYPE the Question in as Text.
Done

7. Indicate the OA (Official Answer)
Indicated

8. Tag Your Questions.
Tagged

9. Avoid Short/Useless Posts (they will be deleted) and use the Kudos Button Instead.
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Re: The widely accepted big bang theory holds [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2013, 05:38
Expert's post
First of all writing OG 13th 13 q and then the title is not properly correct: OG and so on. generally is wise to write those references in the corp of the post OR in the title after. So is more clear (but generally the limited words of the title are reserved for the first string of the sentence)

Secondly. in your post there was
Quote:
The above (Opt A) is correct. 2 of the wrong options used the relative pronoun "that":
"... that the beginning of the universe was an explosive instant 10-20 billion years ago that has expanded"
"...the beginning of the universe to have been an explosive instant 10 to 20 billion years ago that is expanding"
In the first wrong choice above, the OG says that describes "instant" (which is illogical) but in the second, the OG says "that" refers to "beginning". Why does "that" refer to different things and when how can we tell to what it is referring? (I have tons of problems with "that"!)


How do someone can infer the exact context of the question, and the question itself ? for you is reasonable ??

regards
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Re: The widely accepted big bang theory holds [#permalink] New post 07 Jan 2013, 08:39
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The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding ever since.

(A) that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding
"That" is appropriate. "Began" and "has been" are the correct tense in parallelism. Contender

(B) that the universe had begun in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and had been expanding
"That" is appropriate. "had been expanding" changes meaning. It means to say that it is no longer expanding. Eliminate

(C) that the beginning of the universe was an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago that has expanded
"That the beginning" is OK. but the "was an explosive instant.." seems to modify universe and not the beginning. Eliminate.

(D) the beginning of the universe to have been an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years agothat is expanding
"That" is missing for "the beginning". "Billion years ago that..." seems to be modified by "is expanding". Eliminate

(E) the universe to have begun in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding
"That" is missing for "the universe". Wrong parallelism. "to have begun" Vs "Has been expanding". Eliminate
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Re: The widely accepted big bang theory holds [#permalink] New post 08 Jan 2013, 07:21
carcass wrote:
First of all writing OG 13th 13 q and then the title is not properly correct: OG and so on. generally is wise to write those references in the corp of the post OR in the title after. So is more clear (but generally the limited words of the title are reserved for the first string of the sentence)

Secondly. in your post there was
Quote:
The above (Opt A) is correct. 2 of the wrong options used the relative pronoun "that":
"... that the beginning of the universe was an explosive instant 10-20 billion years ago that has expanded"
"...the beginning of the universe to have been an explosive instant 10 to 20 billion years ago that is expanding"
In the first wrong choice above, the OG says that describes "instant" (which is illogical) but in the second, the OG says "that" refers to "beginning". Why does "that" refer to different things and when how can we tell to what it is referring? (I have tons of problems with "that"!)


How do someone can infer the exact context of the question, and the question itself ? for you is reasonable ??

regards


Thanks for clarifying the issue. My intention was to boil down the statements to only the bits which my question was referencing, but perhaps that seemed clear to me only because I already had the OG in front of me. Noted on including the full question/ answers in OG questions in future.
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Re: The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe [#permalink] New post 30 Mar 2013, 06:49
tcsing wrote:
The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding ever since.

(A) that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding

(B) that the universe had begun in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and had been expanding

(C) that the beginning of the universe was an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago that has expanded

(D) the beginning of the universe to have been an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years agothat is expanding

(E) the universe to have begun in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding

The above (Opt A) is correct. 2 of the wrong options used the relative pronoun "that":
"... that the beginning of the universe was an explosive instant 10-20 billion years ago that has expanded"
"...the beginning of the universe to have been an explosive instant 10 to 20 billion years ago that is expanding"
In the first wrong choice above, the OG says that describes "instant" (which is illogical) but in the second, the OG says "that" refers to "beginning". Why does "that" refer to different things and when how can we tell to what it is referring? (I have tons of problems with "that"!)

Thanks!


(A) that the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago and has been expanding

I have doubt regarding the construction of option A.
We know that Clause cannot be parallel to Phrase
When we check Option A.
Clause: the universe began in an explosive instant ten to twenty billion years ago
Phrase: has been expanding
Even if we add last part "ever since "to the phrase it wont become a clause....So pls explain how can option A be the correct answer.....


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Re: The widely accepted big bang theory holds that the universe   [#permalink] 30 Mar 2013, 06:49
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