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The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a

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The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2011, 12:40
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118. The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels, will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the environment in ways harmful to their habitats.

A. a phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels,

B. a phenomenon most scientists agree that is caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,

C. a phenomenon that most scientists agree is caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels,

D. which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,

E. which most scientists agree to be a phenomenon caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,

I was able to narrow the answer choices down to (C) and (E), but went with (E) because "human being's burning of fossil fuels" sounded awkward + I wasnt' sure if human being's was a correct possessive. Clearly I was incorrect. Any advice one this problem would be much appreciated.
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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11 Jan 2011, 19:26
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tonebeeze,

I'd take two lessons from this problem.

1. The plural possessive. C refers to the entire collection of human beings and their burning of fossil fuels, so you need to use the plural possessive. Consider some other examples:

"My three brothers' favorite game growing up was making fun of me." --> Here, the game belongs to all three of my brothers.
"Will you please go to the Smiths' house and ask for a cup of sugar?" --> Here, the house belongs to all of the Smiths, so you need that plural possessive.

2. "Sounds awkward" is less reliable then "is grammatically incorrect."

I agree that C) is written in a way that is not ordinary in everyday speech, but when I'm reading and I notice that, I make only a mental note that it might be wrong. I then go to E) and see the incorrect idiom "agree to be" and then unnecessarily passive tense. The problems with E are therefore worse than the "problems" with C even though C isn't the best sentence in the world.

Does that help?

Brett
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2011, 05:12
your explenation helped me a lot........thanks
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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17 Jul 2011, 06:54
I have a very basic question on this problem. Is 'a phenomenon ....' is describing Global Warming?
in D and E, it sure describes global warming.
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2014, 09:10
BKimball wrote:
tonebeeze,

I'd take two lessons from this problem.

1. The plural possessive. C refers to the entire collection of human beings and their burning of fossil fuels, so you need to use the plural possessive. Consider some other examples:

"My three brothers' favorite game growing up was making fun of me." --> Here, the game belongs to all three of my brothers.
"Will you please go to the Smiths' house and ask for a cup of sugar?" --> Here, the house belongs to all of the Smiths, so you need that plural possessive.

2. "Sounds awkward" is less reliable then "is grammatically incorrect."

I agree that C) is written in a way that is not ordinary in everyday speech, but when I'm reading and I notice that, I make only a mental note that it might be wrong. I then go to E) and see the incorrect idiom "agree to be" and then unnecessarily passive tense. The problems with E are therefore worse than the "problems" with C even though C isn't the best sentence in the world.

Does that help?

Brett

Hi Brett,

Won't C create a run on sentence in the stem?

Regards,
Ashish
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2014, 04:42
Why is D incorrect?

(D) which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,
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The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2014, 22:53
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Expert's post
pretzel wrote:
Why is D incorrect?

(D) which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,

Hi Pretzel,

Before we move on to option D, let’s first understand the meaning of the original sentence:
The World Wildlife Fund has declared (Clause-I)
o that global warming, (Clause-II)
 a phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels, (Clause-III)
o will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the environment in ways harmful to their habitats. (Clause II Contd.)

MEANING

The author tells us about a declaration made by the World Wildlife Fund. According to this declaration the global warming will change the environment and make it harmful to the living places of the migratory birds.
The author also tells us that majority of the scientists agree that global warming is caused by the humans by burning fossil fuels.

Now, let’s move on to option D:
D.) which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,

Now, this sentence has a meaning error. It states that the phenomenon is caused by human beings. These human beings burn fossil fuels is presented only as additional information. This is incorrect. Global warming is caused by the burning of fossil fuels not by the human beings.

Hope this helps!
Deepak

However this is not the only error in answer choice D. The word "which" is not necessary right?
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2014, 23:42
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Expert's post
asagraw wrote:

Won't C create a run on sentence in the stem?

Regards,
Ashish

Hi Ashish,
I don't know whether you are still looking for a reply, but here it is anyways.

Let’s take a look at the structure of this sentence with option C:

The World Wildlife Fund has declared (Clause I)
o that global warming, (Clause II)
 a phenomenon
that (Clause III)
o most scientists agree (Clause IV)
is caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels, (Clause III Contd.)
o will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the environment in ways harmful to their habitats. (Clause II Contd. )

Now, as we can see all the clauses in this sentence are properly connected. The structure “a phenomenon that….fossil fuels” is a Noun + Noun modifier, in which "a phenomenon" refers to "global warming" and the part that follows it is the noun modifier. So, option C is the correct answer and it does not create a run-on sentence.

Hope this helps!
Deepak
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2015, 16:57
egmat wrote:
pretzel wrote:
Why is D incorrect?

(D) which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,

Hi Pretzel,

Before we move on to option D, let’s first understand the meaning of the original sentence:
The World Wildlife Fund has declared (Clause-I)
o that global warming, (Clause-II)
 a phenomenon most scientists agree to be caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels, (Clause-III)
o will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the environment in ways harmful to their habitats. (Clause II Contd.)

MEANING

The author tells us about a declaration made by the World Wildlife Fund. According to this declaration the global warming will change the environment and make it harmful to the living places of the migratory birds.
The author also tells us that majority of the scientists agree that global warming is caused by the humans by burning fossil fuels.

Now, let’s move on to option D:
D.) which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,

Now, this sentence has a meaning error. It states that the phenomenon is caused by human beings. These human beings burn fossil fuels is presented only as additional information. This is incorrect. Global warming is caused by the burning of fossil fuels not by the human beings.

Hope this helps!
Deepak

Hi Deepak, than , taking your notes about additional information, one can solve this question in this way ?--->
A,B,D and E are wrong, because they state that a phenomenon is caused either by Human or by fossil fuels ?
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2015, 17:01
can someone please write down the analysis for all answer choices and not only for some of them.

Thanks !
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2015, 18:38
BrainLab wrote:
can someone please write down the analysis for all answer choices and not only for some of them.

Thanks !

118. The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global
warming, a phenomenon most scientists agree to be
caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels, will
create havoc among migratory birds by altering the
environment in ways harmful to their habitats.

(A) a phenomenon most scientists agree to be
caused by human beings in burning fossil fuels,

--> in burning fossil fuels is incorrect here. Humans beings in burning fossil fuels? What would that even mean?

(B) a phenomenon most scientists agree that is
caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings,

some intense passive voice going on here. Caused by fossil fuels burned by human beings? Z is caused by Y being done by X? Not by itself incorrect, but highly suspect.

(C) a phenomenon that most scientists agree is
caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels,

Similar to B, but a bit better (even if it sounds strange). It is clear that the act of human beings burning fossil fuels is causing the phenomenon.

(D) which most scientists agree on as a phenomenon
caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels,

who burn fossil fuels is misplaced. This one makes it sound like global warming is caused by human beings who burn fossil fuels, and the main cause is HUMAN BEINGS, not the act of burning fossil fuels.

(E) which most scientists agree to be a
phenomenon caused by fossil fuels burned by
human beings,

passive voice, and "agree to be" is very awkward.

C is the best.
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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09 Nov 2015, 06:55
egmat wrote:
asagraw wrote:

Won't C create a run on sentence in the stem?

Regards,
Ashish

Hi Ashish,
I don't know whether you are still looking for a reply, but here it is anyways.

Let’s take a look at the structure of this sentence with option C:

The World Wildlife Fund has declared (Clause I)
o that global warming, (Clause II)
 a phenomenon
that (Clause III)
o most scientists agree (Clause IV)
is caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels, (Clause III Contd.)
o will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the environment in ways harmful to their habitats. (Clause II Contd. )

Now, as we can see all the clauses in this sentence are properly connected. The structure “a phenomenon that….fossil fuels” is a Noun + Noun modifier, in which "a phenomenon" refers to "global warming" and the part that follows it is the noun modifier. So, option C is the correct answer and it does not create a run-on sentence.

Hope this helps!
Deepak

Would you explain how the clause "most scientists agree" is connected to the rest of the sentence? It seems to me that it is a complete clause with an SV pair, but it is placed between another SV pair without any connecting word.
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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15 Nov 2015, 14:51
Meaning: scientists have the same opinion ----> the only idioms that will work is agree with

with the above u can eliminate A, D, E. Option B is passive. So u are left with Option C.

Done.
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Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a [#permalink]

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16 Nov 2015, 12:59
amostofi1999 wrote:
egmat wrote:
asagraw wrote:

Won't C create a run on sentence in the stem?

Regards,
Ashish

Hi Ashish,
I don't know whether you are still looking for a reply, but here it is anyways.

Let’s take a look at the structure of this sentence with option C:

The World Wildlife Fund has declared (Clause I)
o that global warming, (Clause II)
 a phenomenon
that (Clause III)
o most scientists agree (Clause IV)
is caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels, (Clause III Contd.)
o will create havoc among migratory birds by altering the environment in ways harmful to their habitats. (Clause II Contd. )

Now, as we can see all the clauses in this sentence are properly connected. The structure “a phenomenon that….fossil fuels” is a Noun + Noun modifier, in which "a phenomenon" refers to "global warming" and the part that follows it is the noun modifier. So, option C is the correct answer and it does not create a run-on sentence.

Hope this helps!
Deepak

Would you explain how the clause "most scientists agree" is connected to the rest of the sentence? It seems to me that it is a complete clause with an SV pair, but it is placed between another SV pair without any connecting word.

I think it's just this- most scientists agree [global warming] is caused by human beings’ burning of fossil fuels
Re: The World Wildlife Fund has declared that global warming, a   [#permalink] 16 Nov 2015, 12:59
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