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There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns

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There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns [#permalink] New post 11 Feb 2013, 09:22
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There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns facing our nation, especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches these bodies require careful scrutiny and oversight by experts.
A) There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns facing our nation, especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches
B) Unfortunately, there are, of the myriad concerns facing our nation, especial reason for concern regarding government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches; the
C) Of the myriad concerns facing our nation, especially there is reason for government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches; these
D) Especially there is reason to be concerned over government corruption, out of the myriad concerns facing our nation, as it is both within and without the legislative and executive branches, the
E) Of the myriad concerns facing our nation, there is especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches as these
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns fac [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 13:38
Expert's post
emmak wrote:
There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns facing our nation, especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches these bodies require careful scrutiny and oversight by experts.
A) There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns facing our nation, especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches these
B) Unfortunately, there are, of the myriad concerns facing our nation, especial reason for concern regarding government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches; the
C) Of the myriad concerns facing our nation, especially there is reason for government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches; these
D) Especially there is reason to be concerned over government corruption, out of the myriad concerns facing our nation, as it is both within and without the legislative and executive branches, the
E) Of the myriad concerns facing our nation, there is especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches as these

I'm happy to help with this. :-)

I am going to assume that the word "these" is suppose to be part of the underlined section, as all of the underlined sections in the answer choices end with "these" or "the".

(A) There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns facing our nation, especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches these
In the context of the whole sentence, this produces a run-on sentence ---- this underlined portion is a full clause, and what follows is another full clause with no break and no conjunction. This is incorrect.
BTW, here's a blog about run-on sentences:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/run-on-sen ... questions/
(B) Unfortunately, there are, of the myriad concerns facing our nation, especial reason for concern regarding government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches; the
The semicolon break is a good idea in principle. There is no obvious grammar flaw I see ---- I guess my biggest complaint would be the awkward broken-up way the sentence begins. The construction "there are" is not particular powerful ---- unfortunately, we are stuck with it in all five answer choices here --- so the most direct we can make the sentence is to put the "there are" right next to the subject of the sentence. Choice (B) has an intervening modifier, which breaks up the flow. This is not a 100% decisive flaw --- if the other four answers are trainwreck disasters, we could go with this as a "best possible" answer, but we dearly hope to find something better.
(C) Of the myriad concerns facing our nation, especially there is reason for government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches; these
Reason for government corruption? Maybe so, but this drastically changes the meaning of the sentence. This is incorrect.
(D) Especially there is reason to be concerned over government corruption, out of the myriad concerns facing our nation, as it is both within and without the legislative and executive branches, the
This is excessively wordy and indirect, and with only a comma break, this is also a run-on sentence. This is incorrect.
(E) Of the myriad concerns facing our nation, there is especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches as these
This puts the modifier at the beginning, out of the way --- that's good. Direct and sleek structure --- good. The "as these" structure at the end makes the whole latter part of the sentence, after the underline, a separate dependent clause, so there's no run-on sentence problem. This is free of grammatical flaw and very well constructed, so this is by far the best possible answer.

Please let me know if anyone reading this has any questions.

Mike :-)
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Re: There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns fac [#permalink] New post 12 Feb 2013, 18:59
Mike,

Can you please explain, what's the difference between special and especial?


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Re: There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns fac [#permalink] New post 13 Feb 2013, 10:49
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piyushm01 wrote:
Mike,
Can you please explain, what's the difference between special and especial?
Thanks,

Dear Piyushm01,
That's a fantastic question.

First of all, the adjective "especial" is exceedingly rare. It actually makes this sentence sound a bit awkward, because the adjective form of "especial" is almost never used. This word is used almost exclusively in its adverb form, "especially". That's one huge difference ---- 99% of the time, you will see the adjective "special", not the adverb, and 99% of the time, you will see the adverb "especially", not the adjective.

Both words mean "out of the ordinary" ----- the difference is subtle. The word "special" connotes rising above the ordinary or standing out from the ordinary ---- "special delivery", "a special occasion", etc. The words "especial" and "especially" connote something unique to a particular noun. We never talk about someone being "specially good at something", but we would talk about something being "especially good at something" ---- that is to say, a level of "goodness", a level of talent or competence, that characterizes this individual and sets this individual apart from others.

Again, don't take the usage in this sentence as typical. As I have said, it is exceedingly unusual to see the adjective form "especial" in any context.

Mike :-)
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Re: There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns fac [#permalink] New post 14 Feb 2013, 20:28
mikemcgarry wrote:
piyushm01 wrote:
Mike,
Can you please explain, what's the difference between special and especial?
Thanks,

Dear Piyushm01,
That's a fantastic question.

First of all, the adjective "especial" is exceedingly rare. It actually makes this sentence sound a bit awkward, because the adjective form of "especial" is almost never used. This word is used almost exclusively in its adverb form, "especially". That's one huge difference ---- 99% of the time, you will see the adjective "special", not the adverb, and 99% of the time, you will see the adverb "especially", not the adjective.

Both words mean "out of the ordinary" ----- the difference is subtle. The word "special" connotes rising above the ordinary or standing out from the ordinary ---- "special delivery", "a special occasion", etc. The words "especial" and "especially" connote something unique to a particular noun. We never talk about someone being "specially good at something", but we would talk about something being "especially good at something" ---- that is to say, a level of "goodness", a level of talent or competence, that characterizes this individual and sets this individual apart from others.

Again, don't take the usage in this sentence as typical. As I have said, it is exceedingly unusual to see the adjective form "especial" in any context.

Mike :-)


Thanks Mike..for detailed clarification :)
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Re: There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns [#permalink] New post 04 Oct 2013, 19:10
Don't you think removing "unfortunately" for option E is changing the meaning of the sentence? I was thinking B is nearest that keeps the meaning intact.
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Re: There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns [#permalink] New post 06 Oct 2013, 12:52
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Quantumdigitz wrote:
Don't you think removing "unfortunately" for option E is changing the meaning of the sentence? I was thinking B is nearest that keeps the meaning intact.

Dear Quantumdigitz,
I'm happy to respond. :-)

Here's the text of the question again. Unfortunately, there seem to be a few mistakes in the way it was posted, and I can find no other copy on the web to make corrections. :-(
There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns facing our nation, especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches these bodies require careful scrutiny and oversight by experts.
A) There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns facing our nation, especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches
B) Unfortunately, there are, of the myriad concerns facing our nation, especial reason for concern regarding government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches; the
C) Of the myriad concerns facing our nation, especially there is reason for government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches; these
D) Especially there is reason to be concerned over government corruption, out of the myriad concerns facing our nation, as it is both within and without the legislative and executive branches, the
E) Of the myriad concerns facing our nation, there is especial reason to be concerned about government corruption both within and without the legislative and executive branches as these


Choice (B) has a few problems
(a) The "There are ...." is a particularly weak and unimpressive opening, especially when the subject is halfway across the sentence
(b) The big issue: SV Agreement --- "There are ... especial reason"
(c) The word "especially" as an adverb sounds natural, if a little colloquial; but the corresponding "especial" sounds awkward.
(d) The ending & transition to the rest of the sentence --- "branches; the these bodies" --- I don't whether this was a mistranscription by whoever posted the question.
The point is, though, for all these reasons, (B) cannot possibly be the answer.

Does (E) change the meaning? I don't think so. You see, the fact that we are concerned about the major problem of "government corruption" ---- that's bad. We already know that's bad. We don't need the word "unfortunately" to tell us that it's bad, or to tell us that the speaker is gravely concerned with this problem. One could argue that, in the context of the whole sentence, the word "unfortunately" is redundant --- even if it's not, it really adds no new information to the sentence, to it's superfluous, and (E) wisely discards it.

Here's a free video lesson about redundancy on the GMAT SC:
http://gmat.magoosh.com/lessons/920-avoid-redundancy

Does this make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: There are also, unfortunately, of the myriad of concerns   [#permalink] 06 Oct 2013, 12:52
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