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There are far fewer children available for adoption than [#permalink]

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21 Nov 2005, 22:52

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There are far fewer children available for adoption than there are people who want to adopt. Two million couples are currently waiting to adopt, but in 1982, the last year for which figures exist, there were only some 50,000 adoptions.

Which of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the authorâ€™s claim that there are far fewer children available for adoption than there are people who want to adopt?

(A) The number of couples waiting to adopt has increased significantly in the last decade.
(B) The number of adoptions in the current year is greater than the number of adoptions in any preceding year.
(C) The number of adoptions in a year is approximately equal to the number of children available for adoption in that period.
(D) People who seek to adopt children often go through a long process of interviews and investigation by adoption agencies.
(E) People who seek to adopt children generally make very good parents.

There are far fewer children available for adoption than there are people who want to adopt. Two million couples are currently waiting to adopt, but in 1982, the last year for which figures exist, there were only some 50,000 adoptions.

Which of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the authorâ€™s claim that there are far fewer children available for adoption than there are people who want to adopt?

(A) The number of couples waiting to adopt has increased significantly in the last decade. (B) The number of adoptions in the current year is greater than the number of adoptions in any preceding year. (C) The number of adoptions in a year is approximately equal to the number of children available for adoption in that period. (D) People who seek to adopt children often go through a long process of interviews and investigation by adoption agencies. (E) People who seek to adopt children generally make very good parents.

Please do explain your logic.

My answer is A.

If the number of couples waiting to adopt increased, it means that there are fewer children available.

It supports authors claim, as per 'C', if number of adoptions in a year is approx. equal to number of children available, then as authors says there were only 50000 children available against 2 million waiting parents.

- D,E are irrelevant
- A,B does not really suggests that # of children available for adoption is lower than the number of people who want to adopt
- C is the best choice. It suggests the number of children available for adoption is approximately equal to the number of adoptions in a year. So it means that 50,000 children are available for adoption against 2 million waiting couples.

I remember this one from the archives. The answer is (C) because the supply of children available for adoption is met with an insatiable demand of parents willing to adopt.

OA is C . But it seems totally opposite (To me atleast) to what is asked. Here are my explanation as I don't have OE.

My answer is A

B) It is weakening the argument. If this is true then the gap should have been narrowed.
C) B) It is weakening the argument. If this is the case then there will be no gap at all. Now two million are waiting but in 1982, how many were waiting. Assuming that two million were waiting at that time then this is true.
D) If this is true then there will be more couples waiting to adopt and some of the children will not be adopted. Hence, it can not be said that children are fewer than people waiting to adopt.
E) Out of scope

I may be wrong. But this is what I feel. _________________

Conculsion: there are far fewer children available for adoption than there are people who want to adopt

A - Incorrect. No information on the number of children available for adoption
B - Incorrect. How does it matter in this case.
C - Correct. Number of children and Adoptions are approx. equal. D - Incorrect. Out of Scope.
E - Incorrect. Out of Scope.

- D,E are irrelevant - C is the best choice. It suggests the number of children available for adoption is approximately equal to the number of adoptions in a year. So it means that 50,000 children are available for adoption against 2 million waiting couples.

I have always got this one wrong!
I cant understand how can 2 million (the current number as the passage quotes) be equal to the 5000 in 1982 - To choose C, we will have to assume that 2 million was also the figure in 1982! How is it possible??? _________________

- D,E are irrelevant - C is the best choice. It suggests the number of children available for adoption is approximately equal to the number of adoptions in a year. So it means that 50,000 children are available for adoption against 2 million waiting couples.

I have always got this one wrong! I cant understand how can 2 million (the current number as the passage quotes) be equal to the 5000 in 1982 - To choose C, we will have to assume that 2 million was also the figure in 1982! How is it possible???

Exactly. Thats what I am saying. C merely says that all the children are getting adopted every year but it does not say about how many couples were left waiting. _________________

- D,E are irrelevant - C is the best choice. It suggests the number of children available for adoption is approximately equal to the number of adoptions in a year. So it means that 50,000 children are available for adoption against 2 million waiting couples.

I have always got this one wrong! I cant understand how can 2 million (the current number as the passage quotes) be equal to the 5000 in 1982 - To choose C, we will have to assume that 2 million was also the figure in 1982! How is it possible???

Exactly. Thats what I am saying. C merely says that all the children are getting adopted every year but it does not say about how many couples were left waiting.

There are far fewer children available for adoption than there are people who want to adopt. Two million couples are currently waiting to adopt, but in 1982, the last year for which figures exist, there were only some 50,000 adoptions.

Which of the following statements, if true, most strengthens the authorâ€™s claim that there are far fewer children available for adoption than there are people who want to adopt?

(A) The number of couples waiting to adopt has increased significantly in the last decade. (B) The number of adoptions in the current year is greater than the number of adoptions in any preceding year. (C) The number of adoptions in a year is approximately equal to the number of children available for adoption in that period. (D) People who seek to adopt children often go through a long process of interviews and investigation by adoption agencies. (E) People who seek to adopt children generally make very good parents. Please do explain your logic.

My answer was A. But upon further reflection, I have to agree that the answer is C. First because it's the OA. Second because, A doesn't say anything about the children. The statement says that there are more couples wanting to adopt. There are also "far fewer children available for adoption". The trick is to separate children from adoption. I got confused by this. When you think of them as being two different but related variables, then you have to conclude that when (answer choice C) "the number of adoptions in a year is ... equal to the number of children...", then the author's claim is strengthened. Choice B would weaken the author's claim. Choices D and E are irrelevant.

If we assume that the number of adoptions is equal to the number of children, the argument works. Otherwise there maybe equal maybe even more number of children waiting to be adopted but the families may not be happy with sth. so only the totally agreed ones will adopt a child. There may be several reasons for unadoption. C clarifies this dilemma.

Premise says that the last year for which figures exist was 1982, and in that year there were some 50,000 adoptions. This means that we have to assume that there will be 50,000 adoptions every year after 1982.

Option C says that number of adoptions = number of children available for adoption. This tells us that if there are 2 million couples waiting to adopt, then there are only 50,000 children available for adoption.

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