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# There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our

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There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  10 Sep 2007, 20:57
1
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Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

29% (01:46) correct 71% (01:01) wrong based on 567 sessions
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Last edited by PiyushK on 24 Sep 2014, 05:46, edited 2 times in total.
Added the OA + underlined the question
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  11 Aug 2014, 12:02
3
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Expert's post
2
This post was
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kinjiGC wrote:
Fistail wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

Meaning : There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from reliance on fossil fuels.More than ten times as much energy is generated through X as it was generated through wind power in 1990.

There are two idioms tested.
as X as Y and X more than Y.

A) generated through wind power now than it was
as much X as Y -> We require "as"

B) generated through wind power now as it was
-Confused as to why B is wrong

C) generated through wind power now as was the case
- Looks good.

D) now generated through wind power as it was
- couldn't eliminate on solid grounds

E) now generated through wind power than was the case
As much X as Y

Can you please explain what can be the error in B) and D). Why "as it was" is wrong. I think if we ellipse on this.

more than ten times as much energy is generated through Wind power now as it was generated through wind power in 1990 -> Looks correct to me.

Hi kinjiGC,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

So basically why "as it was..." is incorrect in the context of this sentence. It is so because "it" refers to "more than ten times as much energy". It is so because in such constructions, the modifiers related to a referent noun CANNOT be left alone. So in Choices B and D. This obviously does not make sense as this reference leads to illogical comparison.

However, Choice C, this is not the case because "as was the case" refers to generation of energy in 1990.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  11 Sep 2010, 06:53
2
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I think the idiom is As much X as Y
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  11 Sep 2007, 05:53
1
KUDOS
E

It should be "more ... than", not "more ... as" (the "as much energy" is leading us astray, making us think "as ... as"). Rules out B, C and D.

And as VictOR points out, the "it" in A is wrong.

Leaving only E.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  11 Sep 2010, 02:17
1
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as much as: A and E out
Between B, C, and D...33%
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  13 Oct 2010, 12:31
1
KUDOS
Fistail wrote:

I do not have OA. i am bit of confused among B, C and D.

A and E are out of scope cuz "than" is not correct as we need the correct idiom "as much as".
can anybody clearify more?

OA is C.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  14 Oct 2010, 01:08
1
KUDOS
Fistail wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

There are two idioms coming into play here... 'more than X' and 'X as much as Y'

The second idiom requires an 'as much as' construction so A/E are ruled out.

In B/D, "it" has no logical antecedent...
Ans is C.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  15 Oct 2010, 23:31
1
KUDOS
My Vote is C.
as mentioned above, WOULD YOU KINDLY UNDERLINE ESSENTIAL PART OF QUESTION?????????
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  11 Sep 2007, 05:21
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  11 Sep 2007, 06:31
1
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For the comparison, "than' has to be there. So, only A and E remain.
I feel A should be the ans.
The change of placement of 'now' changes in the meaning in E - emphasis seems to shift from comparison between period to the source of energy.
Though 'it' needs to be watched carefully, it seems to be correctly referring in A.
What is the OA?
Vict0R wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  11 Sep 2007, 08:47
OA is C. We fogot as much as

http://www.gmatclub.com/forum/t39343
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  11 Sep 2007, 09:02
Fistail wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

I do not have OA. i am bit of confused among B, C and D.

A and E are out of scope cuz "than" is not correct as we need the correct idiom "as much as".
can anybody clearify more?
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  13 Oct 2010, 23:21
Expert's post
The real comparison is between the energy produced now and the energy produced in 1990. The expression - than ten times as much energy -is the term used to describe the quantum of energy and does not play a role in the comparison act. Ignoring it temporarily, you get a clear picture of the comparison

A) more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was

B) more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now as it was
C) more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now as was the case
D) more than ten times as much energy is now generated through wind power as it was
E) more than ten times as much energy is now generated through wind power than was the case

You may see that except A and E, others do not use the right combination of idiom- more x than y -
By using the pronoun it, the antecedence of which is not clear, whether it is energy or wind power, A loses steam.

E is therefore the right royal choice.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  14 Oct 2010, 01:27
C sounds the correct answer because of the idiom as much as. Moreover, you have to consider the position of the word "now" in the phrase. When "now" is used in front of the phrase "generated through windpower...", it changes the meaning of the sentence as it implies that the wind power is being generated "right now" as we speak where as the author intended to mean the general sense here.
C correctly uses the position of "now" to preserve the meaning of the sentence.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  03 Jan 2011, 10:25
I think the answer is D
Because I find all the other choice as wordy.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  19 Jun 2011, 00:08
correct answer choice should not have 'than' because that is already there in the non-underlined part of the sentence,
more than ten times as much energy
so the idiom which remains here to consider is 'as much as'.

So out of B & C (eliminating D because of wrong placement 'now'), I had chosen B, however if I try to justify official answer, than it would be just because of the GMAT SC thumb rule ' Avoid it because most of the time it creates ambiguity'

daagh wrote:
The real comparison is between the energy produced now and the energy produced in 1990. The expression - than ten times as much energy -is the term used to describe the quantum of energy and does not play a role in the comparison act. Ignoring it temporarily, you get a clear picture of the comparison

A) more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was

B) more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now as it was
C) more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now as was the case
D) more than ten times as much energy is now generated through wind power as it was
E) more than ten times as much energy is now generated through wind power than was the case

You may see that except A and E, others do not use the right combination of idiom- more x than y -
By using the pronoun it, the antecedence of which is not clear, whether it is energy or wind power, A loses steam.

E is therefore the right royal choice.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  20 May 2014, 12:44
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  12 Jul 2014, 12:13
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  09 Aug 2014, 21:53
Fistail wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

Meaning : There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from reliance on fossil fuels.More than ten times as much energy is generated through X as it was generated through wind power in 1990.

There are two idioms tested.
as X as Y and X more than Y.

A) generated through wind power now than it was
as much X as Y -> We require "as"

B) generated through wind power now as it was
-Confused as to why B is wrong

C) generated through wind power now as was the case
- Looks good.

D) now generated through wind power as it was
- couldn't eliminate on solid grounds

E) now generated through wind power than was the case
As much X as Y

Can you please explain what can be the error in B) and D). Why "as it was" is wrong. I think if we ellipse on this.

more than ten times as much energy is generated through Wind power now as it was generated through wind power in 1990 -> Looks correct to me.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our [#permalink]  11 Aug 2014, 21:44
egmat wrote:
kinjiGC wrote:
Fistail wrote:
There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our heavy reliance on fossil fuels: more than ten times as much energy is generated through wind power now than it was in 1990

A) generated through wind power now than it was
B) generated through wind power now as it was
C) generated through wind power now as was the case
D) now generated through wind power as it was
E) now generated through wind power than was the case

Meaning : There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from reliance on fossil fuels.More than ten times as much energy is generated through X as it was generated through wind power in 1990.

There are two idioms tested.
as X as Y and X more than Y.

A) generated through wind power now than it was
as much X as Y -> We require "as"

B) generated through wind power now as it was
-Confused as to why B is wrong

C) generated through wind power now as was the case
- Looks good.

D) now generated through wind power as it was
- couldn't eliminate on solid grounds

E) now generated through wind power than was the case
As much X as Y

Can you please explain what can be the error in B) and D). Why "as it was" is wrong. I think if we ellipse on this.

more than ten times as much energy is generated through Wind power now as it was generated through wind power in 1990 -> Looks correct to me.

Hi kinjiGC,

Thanks for posting your doubt here.

So basically why "as it was..." is incorrect in the context of this sentence. It is so because "it" refers to "more than ten times as much energy". It is so because in such constructions, the modifiers related to a referent noun CANNOT be left alone. So in Choices B and D. This obviously does not make sense as this reference leads to illogical comparison.

However, Choice C, this is not the case because "as was the case" refers to generation of energy in 1990.

Hope this helps.
Thanks.
SJ

Just to summarize the understanding, "it" should refer to the "complete" subject along with the modifier.

Can I use "that"? Can you please clarify the difference.
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Re: There are hopeful signs that we are shifting away from our   [#permalink] 11 Aug 2014, 21:44

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