Find all School-related info fast with the new School-Specific MBA Forum

 It is currently 29 May 2016, 00:46

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud

Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Director
Joined: 17 Oct 2005
Posts: 932
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 138 [3] , given: 0

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink]

Show Tags

20 Mar 2006, 13:59
3
KUDOS
15
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

5% (low)

Question Stats:

75% (02:02) correct 25% (01:21) wrong based on 2007 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, aftersome preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid

B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid

D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
e-GMAT Representative
Joined: 02 Nov 2011
Posts: 1944
Followers: 1842

Kudos [?]: 5944 [3] , given: 246

Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink]

Show Tags

15 Nov 2013, 05:31
3
KUDOS
Expert's post
mstfkvs wrote:
Although I did this question correct, I have a doubt on the usage of COMMA. The question is as follow:

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid

B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid

D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid

My question is that in choice D, what is the role of the comma after "bricks". I can understand that the the red part is giving extra info about time, but I really did not understand the comma before "and". It seemed to me the sentence structure like this:

IC, Fanboys (But in this case) IC, AND to Verb

to verb // to verb seems OK, but what about the comma before and? The list is: to form X, and to lay Y

Hi Mustafa,

Let us see how the sentence looks when Option D is used.

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them in the wall in mud mortar.

Let us now look at the structure of this sentence.

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay,
• but the most extensively used method has been
o to form the
 mud or
 clay
o into bricks, and
o , after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them in the wall in mud mortar.

As you can see, the “and” in this sentence is connecting two entities in a list.

The entities are:
a. To form the mud or clay into bricks.
b. To lay them in the wall in mud mortar.

As you can see, the entities in the list are a bit longer than usual. Moreover, the first entity has another list embedded in it (mud or clay). So a comma is put before the “and” for a breathing pause.

So the comma before "and" is only to help us in identifying the main list.

Note that the presence of a “comma + and” in a sentence doesn’t necessarily indicate that two or more Independent Clauses are connected. (The above sentence, for instance)

However, if two or more Independent Clauses are present in a sentence, they are always connected by “comma + FANBOYS”.

Hope this helps

Regards,
Krishna
_________________

Aiming to score 760+ on the GMAT? Attend our free webinars to learn how to:

[*] Master Number Properties
[*] Ace Critical Reasoning

The webinars will start at 7 AM PST on the 11th and 12th of July, 2015.

Director
Joined: 30 Jun 2007
Posts: 793
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 136 [2] , given: 0

Show Tags

13 Nov 2008, 18:55
2
KUDOS
A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid [they can point to ways or walls]
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them [forming … and … to – not parallel]
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they were laid [ method has been having --- awkward]
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them [ to form … and to lay – parallel - hold]
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air
drying or sun drying, were laid [which incorrectly points clay]

Senior Manager
Joined: 06 Jun 2009
Posts: 333
Location: USA
WE 1: Engineering
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 69 [2] , given: 0

Re: Present participle and gerunds / which vs that [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Oct 2010, 13:28
2
KUDOS
the forming - awkward (A) the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid

forming will take laying as parallel(B) forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

They were laid is incorrect, since it starts with - There are(C) having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid

parallelism and Tense(D) to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

They were laid is incorrect, since it starts with - There are(E) that bricks were formed from mud or clay,which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid
_________________

All things are possible to those who believe.

VP
Joined: 05 Jul 2008
Posts: 1431
Followers: 39

Kudos [?]: 306 [1] , given: 1

Show Tags

13 Nov 2008, 17:56
1
KUDOS
Another D

to form X and Y into B and to lay them in Z
Intern
Joined: 03 Jul 2012
Posts: 19
Location: United States
GMAT Date: 10-30-2013
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 30 [1] , given: 8

Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink]

Show Tags

26 Sep 2012, 12:10
1
KUDOS

becasue of parallelism

used methods has been to form........,to lay them.
In all other options this parallel construction is missing.
_________________

kindly give kudos if my post was useful to you..need kudos !

Director
Joined: 26 Sep 2005
Posts: 576
Location: Munich,Germany
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 16 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

20 Mar 2006, 19:57
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
agree with meera

In D, the parallelism (to form..to lay) and " the method.. to" is bang on target.
Director
Joined: 17 Sep 2005
Posts: 924
Followers: 3

Kudos [?]: 59 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

20 Mar 2006, 20:36
It's D. ||ism.

to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

Regards,
Brajesh
Director
Joined: 27 Feb 2006
Posts: 632
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 33 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

21 Mar 2006, 08:28
^ D ^

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them in the wall in mud mortar.

||lism
Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2008
Posts: 307
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 76 [0], given: 0

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink]

Show Tags

25 Sep 2008, 11:48
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most
extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after
some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid
in the wall in mud mortar.
A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they were laid
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air
drying or sun drying, were laid
again missed it?
Manager
Joined: 27 Aug 2008
Posts: 150
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 43 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

25 Sep 2008, 12:10
vivektripathi wrote:
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most
extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after
some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid
in the wall in mud mortar.
A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they were laid
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air
drying or sun drying, were laid
again missed it?

To form & to lay are parallel.
Senior Manager
Joined: 05 Jun 2008
Posts: 307
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 76 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

28 Sep 2008, 07:53
OA is D
Intern
Joined: 20 Oct 2008
Posts: 1
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

20 Oct 2008, 03:50
I think the answer could be D or E.

bricks were formed ..... bricks were laid (parallel?)

Please correct me if i'm wrong. Can someone tell me why E is incorrect? i thought the OA is E
SVP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1570
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 226 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

20 Oct 2008, 05:46
dlee156 wrote:
I think the answer could be D or E.

bricks were formed ..... bricks were laid (parallel?)

Please correct me if i'm wrong. Can someone tell me why E is incorrect? i thought the OA is E

E could be wrong because of past tense "were".
Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 306
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 0

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink]

Show Tags

12 Nov 2008, 22:09
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most
extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after
some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid
in the wall in mud mortar.

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they were laid
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air
drying or sun drying, were laid
Senior Manager
Joined: 04 Aug 2008
Posts: 377
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 29 [0], given: 1

Show Tags

12 Nov 2008, 22:15
my bet is on D

to form bla bla, and, to lay bla bla
_________________

The one who flies is worthy. The one who is worthy flies. The one who doesn't fly isn't worthy

SVP
Joined: 17 Jun 2008
Posts: 1570
Followers: 11

Kudos [?]: 226 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

13 Nov 2008, 02:00
yes D (although "to form....into" looks little awkward).
Senior Manager
Joined: 31 Jul 2008
Posts: 306
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 32 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

14 Nov 2008, 12:35
i marked D as well but the OA given was A ,,, but i feel the OA is wrong
Manager
Joined: 16 Jan 2008
Posts: 109
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 6

Show Tags

15 Nov 2008, 03:32
Original sentence did not look wrong to me, however, after going through answer choices I thought D is better, but when we put back D in original sentence:

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most
extensively used method has been to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them in the wall in mud mortar

to sounds redundant, isn't it?

Any other views?
Manager
Joined: 01 May 2008
Posts: 114
Location: São Paulo
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 6 [0], given: 0

Show Tags

15 Nov 2008, 04:51
I think it should be D too. A doesn't seem pararell to me.
Do you have the OE?
Re: sc   [#permalink] 15 Nov 2008, 04:51

Go to page    1   2   3   4    Next  [ 71 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud 0 05 Apr 2013, 00:18
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud 0 30 Sep 2012, 05:55
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud 0 04 Jun 2012, 02:43
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud 0 15 Nov 2008, 04:51
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud 0 28 Sep 2008, 07:53
Display posts from previous: Sort by