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There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud

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There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2006, 12:59
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A
B
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D
E

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Question Stats:

76% (02:01) correct 24% (01:22) wrong based on 820 sessions
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, aftersome preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid

B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid

D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2013, 04:31
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mstfkvs wrote:
Although I did this question correct, I have a doubt on the usage of COMMA. The question is as follow:

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid in the wall in mud mortar.


A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid

B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid

D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid



My question is that in choice D, what is the role of the comma after "bricks". I can understand that the the red part is giving extra info about time, but I really did not understand the comma before "and". It seemed to me the sentence structure like this:



IC, Fanboys (But in this case) IC, AND to Verb


to verb // to verb seems OK, but what about the comma before and? The list is: to form X, and to lay Y



Hi Mustafa,

Let us see how the sentence looks when Option D is used.

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them in the wall in mud mortar.

Let us now look at the structure of this sentence.

    There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay,
    • but the most extensively used method has been
      o to form the
         mud or
         clay
      o into bricks, and
      o , after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them in the wall in mud mortar.


As you can see, the “and” in this sentence is connecting two entities in a list.

The entities are:
a. To form the mud or clay into bricks.
b. To lay them in the wall in mud mortar.

As you can see, the entities in the list are a bit longer than usual. Moreover, the first entity has another list embedded in it (mud or clay). So a comma is put before the “and” for a breathing pause.

So the comma before "and" is only to help us in identifying the main list.

Note that the presence of a “comma + and” in a sentence doesn’t necessarily indicate that two or more Independent Clauses are connected. (The above sentence, for instance)

However, if two or more Independent Clauses are present in a sentence, they are always connected by “comma + FANBOYS”.

Hope this helps :)

Regards,
Krishna
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Re: Present participle and gerunds / which vs that [#permalink] New post 26 Oct 2010, 12:28
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the forming - awkward (A) the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid

forming will take laying as parallel(B) forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

They were laid is incorrect, since it starts with - There are(C) having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they were laid

parallelism and Tense(D) to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

They were laid is incorrect, since it starts with - There are(E) that bricks were formed from mud or clay,which, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, were laid
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2008, 17:55
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A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid [they can point to ways or walls]
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them [forming … and … to – not parallel]
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they were laid [ method has been having --- awkward]
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them [ to form … and to lay – parallel - hold]
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air
drying or sun drying, were laid [which incorrectly points clay]

Answer: D
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Re: There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink] New post 26 Sep 2012, 11:10
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the answer should be D,

becasue of parallelism

used methods has been to form........,to lay them.
In all other options this parallel construction is missing.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2006, 18:57
agree with meera

In D, the parallelism (to form..to lay) and " the method.. to" is bang on target.
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 [#permalink] New post 20 Mar 2006, 19:36
It's D. ||ism.

to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them

Regards,
Brajesh
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 [#permalink] New post 21 Mar 2006, 07:28
^ D ^

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most extensively used method has been to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them in the wall in mud mortar.

||lism
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There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2008, 10:48
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most
extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after
some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid
in the wall in mud mortar.
A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they were laid
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air
drying or sun drying, were laid
again missed it?
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Re: SC-Bricks [#permalink] New post 25 Sep 2008, 11:10
vivektripathi wrote:
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most
extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after
some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid
in the wall in mud mortar.
A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they were laid
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air
drying or sun drying, were laid
again missed it?


Answer should be D.

To form & to lay are parallel.
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Re: SC-Bricks [#permalink] New post 28 Sep 2008, 06:53
OA is D
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Re: solid walls sc [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2008, 02:50
I think the answer could be D or E.

bricks were formed ..... bricks were laid (parallel?)

Please correct me if i'm wrong. Can someone tell me why E is incorrect? i thought the OA is E
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Re: solid walls sc [#permalink] New post 20 Oct 2008, 04:46
dlee156 wrote:
I think the answer could be D or E.

bricks were formed ..... bricks were laid (parallel?)

Please correct me if i'm wrong. Can someone tell me why E is incorrect? i thought the OA is E


E could be wrong because of past tense "were".
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There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2008, 21:09
There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most
extensively used method has been the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after
some preliminary air drying or sun drying, they are laid
in the wall in mud mortar.

A. the forming of bricks out of mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they are laid
B. forming the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
C. having bricks formed from mud or clay, and, after some preliminary air drying or
sun drying, they were laid
D. to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun
drying, to lay them
E. that bricks were formed from mud or clay, which, after some preliminary air
drying or sun drying, were laid
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 12 Nov 2008, 21:15
my bet is on D

to form bla bla, and, to lay bla bla
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2008, 01:00
yes D (although "to form....into" looks little awkward).
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 13 Nov 2008, 16:56
Another D

to form X and Y into B and to lay them in Z
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 14 Nov 2008, 11:35
i marked D as well but the OA given was A ,,, but i feel the OA is wrong
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2008, 02:32
Original sentence did not look wrong to me, however, after going through answer choices I thought D is better, but when we put back D in original sentence:

There are several ways to build solid walls using just mud or clay, but the most
extensively used method has been to form the mud or clay into bricks, and, after some preliminary air drying or sun drying, to lay them in the wall in mud mortar

to sounds redundant, isn't it?

Any other views?
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Re: sc [#permalink] New post 15 Nov 2008, 03:51
I think it should be D too. A doesn't seem pararell to me.
Do you have the OE?
Re: sc   [#permalink] 15 Nov 2008, 03:51
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