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There are those who complain that municipal libraries are

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There are those who complain that municipal libraries are [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2012, 12:49
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45% (02:19) correct 55% (01:23) wrong based on 211 sessions
There are those who complain that municipal libraries are outdated and unnecessary. These same people object to the tax dollars spent funding municipal libraries. However, these people are missing out on a simple pleasure: reading a great book. Taken this way, libraries are truly wonderful resources worthy of public funding.

The two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a generalization accepted by the author as true; the second is a consequence that follows from the truth of that generalization.
(B) The first is evidence that supports one of two contradictory points of view; the second is the second point of view.
(C) The first is a commonly held point of view; the second is support for that point of view.
(D) The first is one of two contradictory points of view; the second is the other point of view.
(E) The first concedes a consideration that weighs against the viewpoint of the author; the second is that viewpoint.

Can someone explain why B and E are incorrect? Thanks
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Re: There are those who complain that municipal libraries are ou [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2012, 13:21
D ..This was easy. The key is to read the highlighted portion very clearly and repeatedly until you understand. OP, if you have any specific questions about why D is the right choice, I can help.
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Re: There are those who complain that municipal libraries are ou [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2012, 19:40
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voodoochild wrote:
There are those who complain that municipal libraries are outdated and unnecessary. These same people object to the tax dollars spent funding municipal libraries. However, these people are missing out on a simple pleasure: reading a great book. Taken this way, libraries are truly wonderful resources worthy of public funding.
The two boldface portions play which of the following roles?
(A) The first is a generalization accepted by the author as true; the second is a consequence that follows from the truth of that generalization.
(B) The first is evidence that supports one of two contradictory points of view; the second is the second point of view.
(C) The first is a commonly held point of view; the second is support for that point of view.
(D) The first is one of two contradictory points of view; the second is the other point of view.
(E) The first concedes a consideration that weighs against the viewpoint of the author; the second is that viewpoint.

Can someone explain why B and E are incorrect? Thanks

I got a p.m. from my friend voodoochild, so I am responding.

Let's dissect this argument.
Sentence #1 --- statement of fact --- there are people that are down on libraries --- this is kinda evidence for Sentence #2
Sentence #2 (bold) --- statement of fact ---- they hold View #1
Sentence #3 --- big change of gears, new perspective, evidence for Sentence #4
Sentence #4 (bold) --- author states View #2 as his conclusion.

The reason I called Sentence #2 "View #1" was because --- that's a direct contrast to the author's conclusion --- the author wants to spend public money on libraries, and sentence #2 expresses the exact opposite of that.

So, first bold is one view, second bold is another view. (D) describes that reasonably well.

What's wrong with (B)?
(B) The first is evidence that supports one of two contradictory points of view; the second is the second point of view.
Well, I agree with the second half --- the second bold is the second point of view. The first part though --- think about it this way:
Sentence #1 = they have views: libraries are outdated
Sentence #2 = they have fiscal recommendation: don't fund libraries.
Which way does cause-and-effect point? Does it point from Sentence #1 to Sentence #2, or vice versa?
Do they want to cut funding to libraries because they think they're outdated?
Or do they think libraries are outdated because they want to cut funding to them?
I would say the former is a much more likely order of logic. People decide such-and-such an institution is no good, then they start to gripe about tax money going to it.
The thing that is the supporting reason is the evidence --- so sentence #1 is evidence for sentence #2, which is the view itself, not the other way around.
Sentence #2 is NOT "evidence that supports one of two contradictory points of view" ---- rather, it IS that contradictory view, and sentence #1 is the evidence.
Does that make sense?

What's wrong with (E)?
(E) The first concedes a consideration that weighs against the viewpoint of the author; the second is that viewpoint.
First of all, the author made no concessions --- in the first two sentences, the author was just objective descriptive and dispassionate. Conceding means the author says something like, "I hate to admit it, but my opponents are right when they say ..." Concession has to involve some kind of approval given to the opposing view. This author merely states that view, and says nothing in support of it.
Second, that sentence is not a "consideration" --- it's not a thoughtful reflective introspective insight into something meaningful about the issue. No, it's just those loud mouths saying, "We don't want tax money going to the outdated library!" That's a statement of fact, and not a particularly delicate one at that.
A consideration would be along the lines of "It occurs to me, if one were to think through the long-term consequences of such a policy, etc." It connotes thoughtfulness, a product of reflection, something that involves insight that would not be readily apparent to everyone. Sentence #2 is nothing of the sort.
Sentence #2 is simply a direct statement of the view that the author opposes, no more.

Does that make sense?
Mike :-)
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Re: There are those who complain that municipal libraries are ou [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2012, 20:37
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voodoochild wrote:
There are those who complain that municipal libraries are outdated and unnecessary. These same people object to the tax dollars spent funding municipal libraries. However, these people are missing out on a simple pleasure: reading a great book. Taken this way, libraries are truly wonderful resources worthy of public funding.

The two boldface portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first is a generalization accepted by the author as true; the second is a consequence that follows from the truth of that generalization.
(B) The first is evidence that supports one of two contradictory points of view; the second is the second point of view.
(C) The first is a commonly held point of view; the second is support for that point of view.
(D) The first is one of two contradictory points of view; the second is the other point of view.
(E) The first concedes a consideration that weighs against the viewpoint of the author; the second is that viewpoint.

Can someone explain why B and E are incorrect? Thanks


Responding to a pm:
(Though Mike has already explained it well, I will add some of my thoughts here.)

There are two opposite viewpoints.
View 1: Libraries are outdated and unnecessary. Don't fund them.
View 2: Libraries are wonderful resources worthy of public funding.

I hope you see that (D) is correct.

(B) is incorrect because 'don't fund libraries' is not evidence. It is a part of the point of view. When you say libraries are outdated, you are not supporting your statement if you add 'don't fund them'. You are still giving your opinion only. What would be evidence? "Number of people visiting the libraries has dwindled over the years. Most people like to read e-books instead of paper backs nowadays." etc

What is "conceding a consideration that weighs against your viewpoint"? It means "giving in to a reason supporting the opposite viewpoint."
Say, if the library-haters say, "The community will be better served if the public funding is instead diverted to the hospitals." and the author says, "I agree that our hospitals need the public funding more than the libraries but ..." then he just conceded a consideration that weighs against his viewpoint.
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Re: There are those who complain that municipal libraries are ou [#permalink] New post 22 Aug 2012, 19:00
mikemcgarry wrote:

What's wrong with (E)?
(E) The first concedes a consideration that weighs against the viewpoint of the author; the second is that viewpoint.
First of all, the author made no concessions --- in the first two sentences, the author was just objective descriptive and dispassionate. Conceding means the author says something like, "I hate to admit it, but my opponents are right when they say ..." Concession has to involve some kind of approval given to the opposing view. This author merely states that view, and says nothing in support of it.


Mike and Karishma,

Thanks for your helpful reply. I am quoting Mike's analysis because both of you have said the same thing by using a different example.

I actually thought about the "concession part" while solving this question, but then I questioned my own reasoning because E), the way it's worded, doesn't specifically state that the author is conceding. It just states that the statement is conceding to blah blah blah. In other words, the question says: "The two boldface portions play which of the following roles? " E) says "The first concedes a consideration that weighs against the viewpoint of the author; the second is that viewpoint. " Here, as we can see, E) specifically highlights that the second sentence is author's viewpoint and has left open the possibility that the first is not author's view point. My question is : why are you guys concluding that the author is actually conceding?

Please help me. Your replies are really helpful.

mikemcgarry wrote:
Second, that sentence is not a "consideration" --- it's not a thoughtful reflective introspective insight into something meaningful about the issue. No, it's just those loud mouths saying, "We don't want tax money going to the outdated library!" That's a statement of fact, and not a particularly delicate one at that.
A consideration would be along the lines of "It occurs to me, if one were to think through the long-term consequences of such a policy, etc." It connotes thoughtfulness, a product of reflection, something that involves insight that would not be readily apparent to everyone. Sentence #2 is nothing of the sort.
Sentence #2 is simply a direct statement of the view that the author opposes, no more.


As per the dictionary, "consideration" also means "A discussion of a topic (as in a meeting)." I see your point that the first statement is not something author agrees. But, it could be considered a thoughtful analysis presented by some John Doe. The answer choice E) doesn't specifically state that the first statement is a consideration by the author. In fact, the way E) is worded, it feels that E) is giving to the fact that the first statement is someone else's consideration. E) specifically talks about author's viewpoint. It doesn't state who is considering or conceding to the first statement. It leaves open the possibility for the aliens to concede to it.

To be honest, even before reading the answer choices, my intuition told me that the two statements are merely opinion - one by some John Doe and the other by the author. However, when I looked at the answer choices, I was swallowed in the labyrinthine marshy GMATland :(

Please let me know your thoughts.

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Re: There are those who complain that municipal libraries are ou [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2013, 13:06
i too think its E ..

1st Bold faced sentence concedes a consideration that weighs against the author's view point which is the second statement..

Whats wrong with this ??
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Re: There are those who complain that municipal libraries are ou [#permalink] New post 20 Sep 2013, 14:34
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bharath2787 wrote:
i too think its E ..

1st Bold faced sentence concedes a consideration that weighs against the author's view point which is the second statement..

Whats wrong with this ??

Did you read my argument in the third post from the top of the page? Did you read Karishma's wise words in the following post? What in those two arguments do you not understand? Are there points with which you do not agree? Present a counter-argument to what we have said, and we will have something to discuss.
Mike :-)
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Re: There are those who complain that municipal libraries are ou   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2013, 14:34
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