There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t

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There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2008, 08:28
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There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic."

(A) a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(B) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(C) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
(D) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
(E) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parents and grandparents had

Source: GMATPrep
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by Bunuel on 09 Jun 2015, 08:05, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic, edited the question and added the OA.
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you can ask an expert
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2008, 09:53
D

"had" is required because your comparing... x than y had.

E - akward & wordy.
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08 Oct 2008, 09:59
amitdgr wrote:
Source: GMATPrep

There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic."

(A) a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(B) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(C) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
(D) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
(E) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parents and grandparents had

i will also go for D

you need 'had 'to make the comparison complete (between young people and parents &grandparents).
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2008, 10:05
yeh D

Had is required ; in C "than that of their parents" sounds attractive but the "that" is ambiguous and might refer to career
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2008, 21:00
I take C. Is this the correct answer?
I assume "that" refers to the young people has smaller community to work .
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15 Oct 2008, 22:13
C

than that of their parents and grandparents refers correctly to committment of parents and grandparents and makes clear comparision with committment of young people.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2008, 22:38
technocrat wrote:
C

than that of their parents and grandparents refers correctly to committment of parents and grandparents and makes clear comparision with committment of young people.

The comparison is between "Young people" and "their parents and grandparents"

In C, the word "that" wrongly compares "young people" with "the commitment of their parents and grandparents"
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2008, 11:27
I think the issue with C is smaller vs less.

I don't think you can count commitment, so thats why I chose less.

You need had in D to compare like things.
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17 Oct 2008, 13:25
D makes perfect sense for two reasons
1. It uses "less" in place of "smaller"
2. Parallelism due to "had".
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17 Oct 2008, 16:46
D for me. I think I remember this one from GMATprep
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17 Oct 2008, 16:58
A and C are out because of usage of smaller.
B compares committment with parents and grandparents.
E is wordy and awkward
D is the best choice
amitdgr wrote:
Source: GMATPrep

There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic."

(A) a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(B) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(C) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
(D) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
(E) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parents and grandparents had
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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17 Oct 2008, 22:22
I think it's D

because I think we need "had" here........??? not sure
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2008, 06:05
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OA (D)

To maintain parallelism, HAD is required. The comparison is done between the commitment that young generation HAVE and older generation HAD.

Hope it makes sense....
Good Luck
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2008, 07:44
amitdgr wrote:
Source: GMATPrep

There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe that young people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the "work ethic."

(A) a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(B) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
(C) a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and grandparents
(D) less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had
(E) a lessening of the commitment to work and a career that their parents and grandparents had

IMO D) ... less of is required here since commitment is uncountable and verb is required in end
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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16 Dec 2010, 15:27
OA = D "Less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents had.
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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20 Dec 2010, 19:49
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People have danced around this issue here, but let's make it explicit:

"Smaller" and "larger" refer to physical size:

My dog is larger...
Your foot is smaller...
His house is smaller...

Since there is no physical size of "commitment," you really can't use "smaller" or "larger" to describe it.

"Less" and "more" can refer to magnitude:

I am less excited than you are.
You are more committed than I am.

Good times in GMAT land!
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2011, 04:32
BKimball wrote:
People have danced around this issue here, but let's make it explicit:

"Smaller" and "larger" refer to physical size:

My dog is larger...
Your foot is smaller...
His house is smaller...

Since there is no physical size of "commitment," you really can't use "smaller" or "larger" to describe it.

"Less" and "more" can refer to magnitude:

I am less excited than you are.
You are more committed than I am.

Good times in GMAT land!

Many thanks.

Could you explain whether "had" is strictly required?

Thanks in advance. For me is so obvious that can be ommited. I think that it is called ellipsis.
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02 Jan 2011, 05:46
Young people HAVE less of x.... than their parents and grandparents HAD

If 'had' is not added then I think quite literally the comparison does not work...

Young ppl have less of something (i.e., a category of persons having something) vs. their parents and grandparents (a category of persons simpliciter)

"ellipsis" as far as I am aware refers to omission of words when you quote someone and put ....... dots to lessen the length of the quote...

one place where a word can be omitted (according to the MGMAT SC book) is a word after a possessive noun

Sam's build is more muscular than Joe's. [one doesnt have to write Joe's build as that is implicit]
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02 Jan 2011, 12:24
My point is that "had" is also implicit in this question.
Thoughts on that?

gmat1011 wrote:
Young people HAVE less of x.... than their parents and grandparents HAD

If 'had' is not added then I think quite literally the comparison does not work...

Young ppl have less of something (i.e., a category of persons having something) vs. their parents and grandparents (a category of persons simpliciter)

"ellipsis" as far as I am aware refers to omission of words when you quote someone and put ....... dots to lessen the length of the quote...

one place where a word can be omitted (according to the MGMAT SC book) is a word after a possessive noun

Sam's build is more muscular than Joe's. [one doesnt have to write Joe's build as that is implicit]

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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2011, 17:44
noboru,

Great question! As codesnooker describes, this question really deals with comparisons. Remember that comparisons are just a special form of parallelism, so the items that you are comparing must be parallel.

Consider this example:

"I ate more pizza than you."
"I ate more pizza than you did."

Here, we are trying to compare the relative quantities of pizza eaten by you and I. However, the first example doesn't do that; the first example says that I ate more pizza than "you" (as if "you" is something else than I ate -- apparently less of").

You could say "I ate more pizza than salad" if you are trying to compare the nouns "pizza" and "salad." However, when you are comparing how much pizza I ATE to how much pizza YOU ATE, you need to keep that noun, verb structure parallel by using the noun (you) and the verb (did) in the second half just as you used the noun (I) and verb (ate) in the first half.

Check out codesnooker's explanation for how this works in this problem.

Brett
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Re: There is a widespread belief in the United States and Western Europe t   [#permalink] 02 Jan 2011, 17:44

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