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# There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe

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Joined: 16 Jul 2009
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There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe [#permalink]  23 Aug 2010, 14:47
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25% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (01:42) correct 32% (00:57) wrong based on 343 sessions
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Joined: 20 Apr 2010
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Kudos [?]: 17 [2] , given: 16

2
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BOOKMARKED
noboru wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and

First of all in such type of Qs, i look for keywords such as THAN here. Both sides of THAN should be parallel.
A: Out as we cant compare commitment TO parents and grandparents
B: Out : same reason as above
E: lessening of commitment : act of decreasing that changes meaning : so out

Left with C and D.Both are correct in regard to Comparison as one is having THAT and the other is having HAD.

Next check is Modifier of Commitment.
As commitment is an Uncountable Noun so we use Less not Smaller

So C: Out

Intern
Joined: 19 Apr 2010
Posts: 9
Location: India
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Kudos [?]: 1 [0], given: 2

We can rule out A,B and C since had is not there in the end for completing the parallelism.

now between D and E,

E has "lessening" which means commitment keeps on decreasing
so E out

so D wins , as have less of a commitment ... is parallel to .... had
Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2008
Posts: 186
Followers: 5

Kudos [?]: 75 [0], given: 11

noboru wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and

commitment is uncountable noun so it should be less not smaller. Lessening of commitment is wrong. So ruling out A,C and E
In B we are comparing commitment with parents and grandparents.

D is correct as it uses less and also compares commitment of young people with the commitment of their parents and grandparents
Intern
Joined: 13 Mar 2007
Posts: 25
Followers: 0

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 2

Ans. should be D.

less commitment or more commitment not smaller or bigger commitment, so A and C out.
B out because of improper comparison
E out because of lessening.
Manager
Joined: 04 Aug 2010
Posts: 158
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 26 [0], given: 15

Seen this on the forum before....

Commitment cannot be "smaller", eliminate
A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents

"Lessening of" is incorrect, eliminate
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and

Parallelism between young people HAVE and grandparents HAD, eliminate
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents

D it is!
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
SVP
Joined: 16 Jul 2009
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WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
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Kudos [?]: 653 [0], given: 2

Dont you think that "had" is so obvious that is not actually needed?
Wouldnt B therefore be better?
Thanks.
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Intern
Joined: 28 Jun 2009
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Schools: Carnegie Mellon, INSEAD, IIMA, ISB
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Kudos [?]: 1 [1] , given: 16

1
KUDOS
Commitment is uncountable and hence small cannot be used. hence A and C is ruled out.
B is ruled out because the comparison is between the commitment towards work and not between children and their parents.
E is ruled out because the word Lessening is used in a wrong context.
Hence D is the correct answer
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Kudos [?]: 114 [0], given: 24

I agree with noboru...Why do we need 'had'?
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noboru wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and

wats the source ? is it GMATPREP ?
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WE 1: 4 years (Consulting)
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Kudos [?]: 653 [0], given: 2

mundasingh123 wrote:
noboru wrote:
There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe that young
people have a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and
grandparents
and that the source of the change lies in the collapse of the 'work
ethic'.

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and

wats the source ? is it GMATPREP ?

Yes, it is.

Nobody is going to answer my question above?
Thanks.
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Manager
Joined: 25 Jul 2010
Posts: 184
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 4

(D)

A. a smaller commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
B. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
C. a smaller commitment to work and a career than that of their parents and
grandparents
D. less of a commitment to work and a career than their parents and grandparents
E. a lessening of the commitment to work and a career than their parents and
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Kudos [?]: 0 [0], given: 0

Re: There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe [#permalink]  01 Aug 2013, 08:36
I saw this thread is from awhile ago but no one addressed why D, the correct answer, uses had. For future reference if anyone else is using Google after going through gmatprep you have to use had here because you are comparing the current commitment of young people to their parents commitment from the past. Therefore, if you do not include had you would be comparing young people's present day work ethic with their parent's present day work ethic; which, is obviously not the author's intent.
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Kudos [?]: 132 [0], given: 0

Re: There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe [#permalink]  11 Oct 2014, 02:48
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe [#permalink]  24 Oct 2015, 04:16
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: There is a widespread belief in the US and Western Europe   [#permalink] 24 Oct 2015, 04:16
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