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This one has alreadhy been discussed here: [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2010, 09:56
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

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  5% (low)

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67% (01:53) correct 33% (00:59) wrong based on 12 sessions
This one has alreadhy been discussed here: grounds-sc-70795.html
OA is D.
However, "it" can refer to both "a judge" or "the ban" and is therefore ambigous.
Could anybody clarify?
Many thanks in advance,

Nine months after the county banned jet skis and other water bikes
from the tranquil waters of Puget Sound, a judge overturned the ban on the
grounds of violating state laws for allowing the use of personal watercraft
on common waterways
A. of violating state laws for allowing
B. of their violating state laws to allow
C. that it violates state laws that allowed
D. that it violated state laws allowing
E. that state laws were being violated allowing
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: violating state [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2010, 10:27
D is correct.

"it" is not ambiguous in D. It cannot be used to refer to human being (the judge) - unless its a baby.
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Re: violating state [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2010, 11:09
nusmavrik wrote:
D is correct.

"it" is not ambiguous in D. It cannot be used to refer to human being (the judge) - unless its a baby.


ah ok! thanks.

By the way, you can use "it" to refer to a baby??
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Re: violating state [#permalink] New post 04 Jul 2010, 21:48
That depends on the context - since you don't know whether baby is "he" or "she" you can use "it". Lets say you know the baby's name John or Sheena then its wrong to use "it" to refer to baby.

Sheena is so cute. It is a very cute child. -----> wrong. you have to use the personal pronoun "she"
She is a very cute child.

noboru wrote:
nusmavrik wrote:
D is correct.

"it" is not ambiguous in D. It cannot be used to refer to human being (the judge) - unless its a baby.


ah ok! thanks.

By the way, you can use "it" to refer to a baby??

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Re: violating state [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2010, 04:15
D........clearly .........."it" refers to a thing so no ambiguity as explained above
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Re: violating state [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2010, 07:53
I had eliminated C and D initially considering "it" to be ambiguous.
However, nusmarvik reasoning helped me here..

Thanks man..

D is the answer in this case.. :)
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Re: violating state [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2010, 08:27
so the idiom is on the grounds that? Is there any other possible construction? For example, on the grounds of?
Thanks
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Re: violating state [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2010, 11:07
"grounds for" is the correct usage.. but in this case, there is no "grounds for" choice..
tell me how would you apply the idiom rule here ! ;)
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Re: violating state [#permalink] New post 31 Jul 2010, 12:10
that is necessary here, so CDE, E uses being so out, CD , Now state laws that allowed makes different sense.
Allowing is better here. D
Re: violating state   [#permalink] 31 Jul 2010, 12:10
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