This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income : GMAT Problem Solving (PS)
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# This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income

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12 Sep 2010, 06:21
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This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he was available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year?

A. $$\frac{1}{(r+2)}$$

B. $$\frac{1}{2r+2}$$

C. $$\frac{1}{3r+2}$$

D. $$\frac{1}{r+3}$$

E. $$\frac{1}{2r+3}$$
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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12 Sep 2010, 08:01
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udaymathapati wrote:
This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he was available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year?

A. $$\frac{1}{(r+2)}$$
B. $$\frac{1}{2r+2}$$
C. $$\frac{1}{3r+2}$$
D. $$\frac{1}{r+3}$$
E. $$\frac{1}{2r+3}$$

Let $$x$$ be the fraction of saving, and $$I$$ be the income income.

Set the equation:
$$x*I*(1+r)=\frac{(1-x)*I}{2}$$, $$I$$ cancels out.

Here LHS is "the amount he has available to spend next year", which according to the stem equals to RHS: "half the amount that he spends this year".

$$x=\frac{1}{3+2r}$$

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12 Sep 2010, 09:40
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My approach:

 Table Total Income Saving Spends X a X-a

Given: Amount available next year is 'a' times $$(r+1)$$ => $$a(r+1)$$.
Question: Fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he was available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year.

Setting up the equation => $$(X-a)/2 = a(r+1)$$
$$X - a = 2ar+ 2a$$
$$X = 2ar +3a$$
Fraction of the income that Henry should save this year is $$(a/X)$$ which is equal to $$1/(2r+3)$$.
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22 Oct 2010, 10:26
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Saving this year = S
Spending this year = E

Next year spend = S (1+r)

Given, S(1+r) = E/2

2 + 2r = E/S

2 + 2r + 1 = E/S + 1
3+2r = E+S/S

S/E+S = 1/(3+2r)
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27 Dec 2010, 18:46
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tonebeeze wrote:
I'm having trouble charting this problem out. Can someone help? Thanks.

This year Henry will save a certain amount of his
income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry
will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves
this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend.
In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry
save this year so that next year the amount he has
available to spend will be equal to half the amount that
he spends this year?

(A) $$1/r +2$$
(B) $$1/2r +2$$
(C) $$1/3r +2$$
(D) $$1/r +3$$
(E) $$1/2r +3$$

Let's say that his income is I. So he saves S and spends E.

I = E + S

For each dollar he saves today he'll have 1+r dollars to spend next year, so if he saves S, he'll have $$S(1+r)$$ dollars to spend next year.

But its given that $$S(1+r) = \frac{E}{2}$$ which means that $$2S (1+r) = E$$.

Thus, $$S = \frac{E}{2(1+r)}$$ and $$S+E = (E)(\frac{1}{2+2r} + 1) = (E)(\frac{3+2r}{2+2r})$$

Savings as a fraction of his income is $$\frac{S}{I} = \frac{S}{S+E} = \frac{\frac{E}{2+2r}}{\frac{E(3+2r)}{2+2r} = \frac{1}{3 + 2r}$$

Hope this is clear.
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28 Dec 2010, 00:13
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25 Apr 2012, 10:13
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udaymathapati wrote:
This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he was available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year?

A. $$\frac{1}{(r+2)}$$
B. $$\frac{1}{2r+2}$$
C. $$\frac{1}{3r+2}$$
D. $$\frac{1}{r+3}$$
E. $$\frac{1}{2r+3}$$

Responding to a pm:

There is no 'best' way to solve a problem, in my opinion. The best way for you depends on what you are comfortable with. You can follow Bunuel's algebraic approach here (by taking x as the fraction of saving) or you can plug in values for r and check (or do something else... I would like to plug in values for r as shown in my second method)

Say r = 0
Whatever he saves this year, he has only that next year so he must save 1/3 this year (so that he spends 2/3 this year) Only options D and E give 1/3 when r = 0.

Say r = 1
Whatever he saves this year, it becomes double. This double should be half of what he spends this year. So what he spends this year should be 4 times what he saves i.e. he should save 1/5 of his income this year. Out of D and E, only E gives you 1/5

OR, preferably, look for a value of r which gives a different answer for each option right in the beginning. I would choose r = 2.
Whatever he saves, it becomes 3 times. This 3 times amount must be half of what he spends this year. So what he spends this year must be 6 times of what he saves. Therefore, he saves 1/7 of his income. Only option E gives 1/7
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Get started with Veritas Prep GMAT On Demand for $199 Veritas Prep Reviews Manager Joined: 07 Sep 2011 Posts: 63 Location: United States Concentration: Strategy, International Business GMAT 1: 640 Q39 V38 WE: General Management (Real Estate) Followers: 6 Kudos [?]: 38 [0], given: 3 Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] ### Show Tags 25 Apr 2012, 23:18 Thanks Karishma, I am always comfortable with number picking however in this, wasn't sure what to pick. You have explained exceptionally well. Thanks. Manager Joined: 14 Jun 2012 Posts: 66 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 13 [1] , given: 1 Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] ### Show Tags 27 Jun 2012, 13:27 1 This post received KUDOS Even I went for number picking. I chose slightly different numbers and approach. I am not sure if I chose the correct path but ended up getting the same answer. It took me about 3 minutes to get there finally so I do not think my approach was the optimum one. I am going over Karishma's approach again to see if I can apply it. Let total income = 100. This year Henry saved : 50 This year Henry spent : 50 Next Year amount available to spend = 50(1+r) ---> (I) Per the last statement in the question stem, this amount is half of his amount spent this year. Hence, overall amount that we should get for a value of r is (1/2) Also we get that, therefore 50(1+r)=25. Solving for r gives r= (-1/2) Plug in r=(-1/2) in the answer choices to see which option gives answer as (1/2). Only E gives this answer. ----- Going over my response now, I realized that I might not follow my above approach again. _________________ My attempt to capture my B-School Journey in a Blog : tranquilnomadgmat.blogspot.com There are no shortcuts to any place worth going. Intern Joined: 04 Dec 2011 Posts: 29 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 10 [0], given: 6 Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] ### Show Tags 26 Sep 2012, 11:42 There is one more way to these kind of question :By using nbr. Lets say u have saved 10$.
The next year it will be lets saey y=10(1+1)=20 [r=1]
As question suggest the spending is twice lets say Z=2*20=40
So the total income will be 40+10=50$and 10/50=1/5=1/(2*1+3)=1/(2*r+3).. It may looks lenghthy while explaining but the very simple.. Please give ur comments or suggestion. Senior Manager Joined: 13 Aug 2012 Posts: 464 Concentration: Marketing, Finance GMAT 1: Q V0 GPA: 3.23 Followers: 25 Kudos [?]: 434 [2] , given: 11 Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] ### Show Tags 01 Dec 2012, 19:59 2 This post received KUDOS 1 This post was BOOKMARKED Let $$I$$ be the income and $$S$$ be the savings this year. Let $$0$$ be the income and $$S(1+r)$$ the money available for spending next year. The money available next year is half of the money spent this year. $$S(1+r)=\frac{I-S}{2}$$ Calculate I: $$3S + 2Sr=I$$ We are looking for S/I: $$\frac{S}{S(3+2r)}=\frac{1}{3+2R}$$ _________________ Impossible is nothing to God. Director Status: Verbal Forum Moderator Joined: 17 Apr 2013 Posts: 635 Location: India GMAT 1: 710 Q50 V36 GMAT 2: 750 Q51 V41 GMAT 3: 790 Q51 V49 GPA: 3.3 Followers: 67 Kudos [?]: 422 [0], given: 297 Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] ### Show Tags 08 Oct 2013, 23:03 Bunuel wrote: udaymathapati wrote: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he was available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year? A. $$\frac{1}{(r+2)}$$ B. $$\frac{1}{2r+2}$$ C. $$\frac{1}{3r+2}$$ D. $$\frac{1}{r+3}$$ E. $$\frac{1}{2r+3}$$ $$x$$ fraction of saving,$$I$$ income. Set the equation: $$x*I*(1+r)=\frac{(1-x)*I}{2}$$, $$I$$ cancels out. Here LHS is "the amount he has available to spend next year", which according to the stem equals to RHS: "half the amount that he spends this year". $$x=\frac{1}{3+2r}$$ Answe: E. How did you make the LHS equation, whats the logic behind it? _________________ Like my post Send me a Kudos It is a Good manner. My Debrief: http://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-score-750-and-750-i-moved-from-710-to-189016.html Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 36638 Followers: 7106 Kudos [?]: 93658 [0], given: 10583 Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] ### Show Tags 09 Oct 2013, 01:40 honchos wrote: Bunuel wrote: udaymathapati wrote: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he was available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year? A. $$\frac{1}{(r+2)}$$ B. $$\frac{1}{2r+2}$$ C. $$\frac{1}{3r+2}$$ D. $$\frac{1}{r+3}$$ E. $$\frac{1}{2r+3}$$ $$x$$ fraction of saving,$$I$$ income. Set the equation: $$x*I*(1+r)=\frac{(1-x)*I}{2}$$, $$I$$ cancels out. Here LHS is "the amount he has available to spend next year", which according to the stem equals to RHS: "half the amount that he spends this year". $$x=\frac{1}{3+2r}$$ Answe: E. How did you make the LHS equation, whats the logic behind it? We are told that "next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend". So, if he saves$10, then the amount available to spend next year is 10(1+r).

The amount saved this year = x*I, where x is the fraction of savings (say 1/2) and I is the income.
The amount available to spend next year = x*I*(1+r).

Hope it's clear.
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Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2014, 13:23
You can pick smart numbers.
Let's first set r = .1 (10%)
Let's say he spent $110 this year. We want him to have$55 ($110/2) to spend next year. The amount he would have to save this year would be given by x(1 + .1) =$55, solving for x gives us x = $50 Therefore his income last year was$110 + $50 =$160
The fraction of his income he saved was 50/160 = 1 / 3.2
Plug in .1 for each of the answer choices and you get E.
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10 Apr 2014, 12:16
honchos wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
udaymathapati wrote:
This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he was available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year?

A. $$\frac{1}{(r+2)}$$
B. $$\frac{1}{2r+2}$$
C. $$\frac{1}{3r+2}$$
D. $$\frac{1}{r+3}$$
E. $$\frac{1}{2r+3}$$

$$x$$ fraction of saving,$$I$$ income.

Set the equation:
$$x*I*(1+r)=\frac{(1-x)*I}{2}$$, $$I$$ cancels out.

Here LHS is "the amount he has available to spend next year", which according to the stem equals to RHS: "half the amount that he spends this year".

$$x=\frac{1}{3+2r}$$

Answe: E.

How did you make the LHS equation, whats the logic behind it?

Hi - probably look at the question like this that every dollar you save, your bank gives you a return of r on every dollar, so your wealth increases by a factor of (1+r)

if you are saving x part of your income I, the money will increase to xI *(1+r)
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24 Aug 2014, 09:58
Bunuel wrote:
We are told that "next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend". So, if he saves $10, then the amount available to spend next year is 10(1+r). The amount saved this year = x*I, where x is the fraction of savings (say 1/2) and I is the income. The amount available to spend next year = x*I*(1+r). Hope it's clear. Hi Bunuel, The statement "for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend." -- how does this imply that it's (savings)*(1+r) vs. just "1+ savings". I tried to plug in numbers, or even algebra for that matter and I took 1+r to be a definite. For example: Income = 100 Savings = 10 Spent = 90 Therefore, to get 45 next year, I did 1+r=45, therefore r=44. That was obviously wrong based on your explanation above but I fail to see why we multiply savings by (1+r)? Thanks! Manager Joined: 07 Apr 2014 Posts: 147 Followers: 1 Kudos [?]: 23 [0], given: 81 Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 Sep 2014, 23:39 udaymathapati wrote: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he was available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year? A. $$\frac{1}{(r+2)}$$ B. $$\frac{1}{2r+2}$$ C. $$\frac{1}{3r+2}$$ D. $$\frac{1}{r+3}$$ E. $$\frac{1}{2r+3}$$ T.I = Sp+Sa.. but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend --> so Sa(1+r). fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he was available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year--> (T.I-Sa)/2 = Sa(1+r) => T.I - Sa = 2Sa(1+r) T.I = 2Sa(1+r)+Sa ==> Sa(2(1+r) +1) T.I=Sa(2r+3) since asked for fraction, Sa/T.I = 1/ (2r+3).. first i have tried with number plug in with 150 - T.I & saving as 50 but got an wrong answer D later with the help of Bunuel's post got an idea on this. could someone please share similar problems for practice? Senior Manager Joined: 20 Dec 2013 Posts: 273 Location: India Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 81 [0], given: 29 Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] ### Show Tags 06 Oct 2014, 21:53 Let the total income be $$x$$ and the saved income be $$y$$. That means the income spent=$$x-y$$. The question asks us to find out $$y/x$$ such that $$y(1+r)=(x-y)/2$$. Solving this equation we can get $$y/x=1/(3+2r)$$. Answer E. Intern Joined: 11 Aug 2014 Posts: 5 Followers: 0 Kudos [?]: 14 [0], given: 1 PS OG 12 - Q163: This year henry will save a certain amount [#permalink] ### Show Tags 28 Oct 2014, 03:43 This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he has available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year? (A) 1/r +2 (B) 1/2r +2 (C) 1/3r +2 (D) 1/r +3 (E) 1/2r +3 I need help understanding the math rules. Using the following to represent the amount he saved this year, say FI, why should next year's amount that he spends be represented as FI(1+r)? The OA and Quantum GMAT indicated. I originally just jotted down 1+r. I sort of understand why doing the problem a couple of times, and struggling, but can someone explain this to me please? Doing the problem so many times is resulting in memorization, I really want to understand why it should be done this way. Thank you all! Math Expert Joined: 02 Sep 2009 Posts: 36638 Followers: 7106 Kudos [?]: 93658 [0], given: 10583 Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] ### Show Tags 28 Oct 2014, 03:50 joaomario wrote: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will spend the rest. Next year Henry will have no income, but for each dollar that he saves this year, he will have 1 + r dollars available to spend. In terms of r, what fraction of his income should Henry save this year so that next year the amount he has available to spend will be equal to half the amount that he spends this year? (A) 1/r +2 (B) 1/2r +2 (C) 1/3r +2 (D) 1/r +3 (E) 1/2r +3 I need help understanding the math rules. Using the following to represent the amount he saved this year, say FI, why should next year's amount that he spends be represented as FI(1+r)? The OA and Quantum GMAT indicated. I originally just jotted down 1+r. I sort of understand why doing the problem a couple of times, and struggling, but can someone explain this to me please? Doing the problem so many times is resulting in memorization, I really want to understand why it should be done this way. Thank you all! Merging similar topics. Please refer to the discussion above and ask if anything remains unclear. P.S. Please read carefully and follow: rules-for-posting-please-read-this-before-posting-133935.html Pay attention to rules 1 and 3. Thank you. _________________ Re: This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income [#permalink] 28 Oct 2014, 03:50 Go to page 1 2 Next [ 25 posts ] Similar topics Replies Last post Similar Topics: 6 Mary decided to save a certain amount of her monthly salary each month 5 29 May 2016, 02:40 3 A man saves a certain portion of his income during a year 3 19 May 2016, 02:02 13 Last year Carlos saved 10 percent of his annual earnings. 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11 This year Henry will save a certain amount of his income, and he will 7 22 Aug 2009, 11:49
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