Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family

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Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 06:50
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A
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Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family would take on animal characteristics, Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during their later epidemics.

A Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during their later epidemics

B Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

C the intentional infection of Benjamin Jesty's family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

D the intentional infection of Benjamin Jesty's family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during its later epidemics

E Benjamin Jesty's family's infecting with cowpox in 1774 intentionally and ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

Grockit!
[Reveal] Spoiler:
please Explain B and C
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Last edited by fozzzy on 10 Jun 2013, 07:26, edited 2 times in total.
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Re: feared his family would take on animal characteristics, Benj [#permalink]

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Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family would take on animal characteristics, Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during their later epidemics.

I think that we can eliminate A B because use a possessive pronoun (its/their) before "epidemics". I do not care about which one is correct, as the entire idea of "possessive" + "epidemic" is not correct. The epidemic does not belong to anybody

E Benjamin Jesty's family's infecting with cowpox in 1774 intentionally and ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

E changes the meaning. Both the adverbs refers to "saved" and the infection is no more "intentional".

What is the difference between the remaning B and C?

B Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics
C the intentional infection of Benjamin Jesty's family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

The are words moved around between B and C. Fist of all what does "with cowpox" refer to? It refers to the infection, so B is better because the position of the word "infection" is closer to its modifier.
In the preceding sentence "Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family would take on animal characteristics" his refers to Benjamin Jesty, B once more is better because places the noun closer.
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Re: feared his family would take on animal characteristics, Benj [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 07:15
Great Explanation as always. Thanks!

PS: how do you create the second spoiler... Always wanted to know that lol
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Re: feared his family would take on animal characteristics, Benj [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 10:08
fozzzy wrote:
Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family would take on animal characteristics, Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during their later epidemics.

A Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during their later epidemics

B Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

C the intentional infection of Benjamin Jesty's family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

D the intentional infection of Benjamin Jesty's family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during its later epidemics

E Benjamin Jesty's family's infecting with cowpox in 1774 intentionally and ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

Grockit!
[Reveal] Spoiler:
please Explain B and C


If we are bent upon finding the answers, we can come to the OA, but aren't all the options wrong?
The first part of the sentence Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family would take on animal characteristics
can only be modofied by Benjamin Jesty and none of the options do so ...

Can some one please help me with this
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Re: feared his family would take on animal characteristics, Benj [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 10:18
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ankurgupta03 wrote:
If we are bent upon finding the answers, we can come to the OA, but aren't all the options wrong?
The first part of the sentence Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family would take on animal characteristics
can only be modofied by Benjamin Jesty and none of the options do so ...

Can some one please help me with this


Yes, in that part "his" refers to Benjamin but is not a modfier: it'a sentence!

Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family would take on animal characteristics

it has a subject and verbs. It is different from the this case:

The most infulent scientist of the 20th century, Benjamin

in this case the first clause it's a modifier and Benjamin must follow the comma. In the sentence above we have two clauses, not a modifer+clause.

Hope it's clear
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Re: feared his family would take on animal characteristics, Benj [#permalink]

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New post 10 Jun 2013, 23:19
fozzzy wrote:
Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family would take on animal characteristics, Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during their later epidemics.

A Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during their later epidemics

B Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

C the intentional infection of Benjamin Jesty's family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

D the intentional infection of Benjamin Jesty's family with cowpox in 1774 ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during its later epidemics

E Benjamin Jesty's family's infecting with cowpox in 1774 intentionally and ultimately saved them all from the much more deadly smallpox virus during later epidemics

Grockit!
[Reveal] Spoiler:
please Explain B and C


My late reply, but I have different approach. I eliminated A, D because:
- In A: "their" is quite ambiguous. "their" maybe modify Benjamin's family or virus
- In D: "its" is not clear. It does not refer to anything.

B, C, E remain:

C is wrong because: "Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox" differs from "the intentional infection of Benjamin Jesty's family with cowpox".
- Benjamin Jesty's intentional infection of his family with cowpox ==> All of his family got intentional infection with cowpox
- the intentional infection of Benjamin Jesty's family with cowpox ==> The Benjamin's family provided the infection with cowpox
The meaning is changed a little bit.

E is wrong because "intentional" should modify "infection". But "intentionally" is adverb and modifies "saved"

Only B is correct.
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Re: Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family [#permalink]

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New post 09 Nov 2016, 23:16
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Though his neighbors were shocked and even feared his family   [#permalink] 09 Nov 2016, 23:16
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