Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may

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Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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06 Feb 2006, 21:21
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Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

a) Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
b) Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
c) Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
d) When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
e) Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.
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06 Feb 2006, 21:41
Is it B?

parallelism and correct modifier
...appear smooth... when viewed from a distance
... composed of ....when viewed upclose

A - Incorrect modifier - seems like Saturn's rings viewed themselves
D - closer viewing ...them ... don't like the ing form and them
E - weird sentence.... if viewed upclose..

Not able to refute C, but somehow seems awkward.
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07 Feb 2006, 00:03
Both B and C looks fine to me.

But on the exam I would have selcted C. I don't know why, but I am seeing better contrast in C.

Correct me guys!!!!
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07 Feb 2006, 02:02
cool_jonny009 wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

a) Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
b) Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
c) Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
d) When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
e) Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

A similiar problem is also stated in the document Dahiya provided. In B when is wrong since it is illogocal (red part).

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07 Feb 2006, 07:56
C for me too
they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets))) no matter how close or far you look on them))
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07 Feb 2006, 14:21
Nothing wrong with D.
B and C have errors that I can identify...can elaborate if needed.
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07 Feb 2006, 16:55
lhotseface,

you got it ...OA is D .

pls explain !!!
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08 Feb 2006, 19:39
b) Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close. -- refers to the icy ringlets viewed up close as opposed to the rings.

c) Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
-------------- though introducing a clause doesn't seem right.

cool_jonny009 wrote:
lhotseface,

you got it ...OA is D .

pls explain !!!
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09 Feb 2006, 06:45
lhotseface,

why u think that "though" is not right in C. As its a right "conjuction" and is connecting two phrases..

Also in D can you please explain why "but closer viewing" is right.
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09 Feb 2006, 20:39
D just doesn`t seem parallel
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12 Feb 2006, 13:39
Whether you view them from distance or from close, fact will remain a fact and the fact is that the rings are composed of ...

B and C distort the above meaning. D communicates it clearly.
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13 Feb 2006, 08:01
B makes comlete sense and seems parallel in all senses.
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13 Feb 2006, 22:09
shailu22 has a good explanation. I can't put it in better words.

cool_jonny009 wrote:
lhotseface,

why u think that "though" is not right in C. As its a right "conjuction" and is connecting two phrases..

Also in D can you please explain why "but closer viewing" is right.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 08:55
cool_jonny009 wrote:
Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

a) Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
b) Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.
c) Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
d) When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
e) Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

i pick B here. as far i know though is followed by a clause. A is out. c is just convoluted and wordy. the intended meaning is just reversed in D. though and if are unnecessarily used in the same clause. please correct my reasoning. i will be glad to you
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11 Jun 2012, 11:21
shailu22 wrote:
Whether you view them from distance or from close, fact will remain a fact and the fact is that the rings are composed of ...

B and C distort the above meaning. D communicates it clearly.

This is what I was thinking. "...they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close." implies logically that when not viewed up close they are not composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets. We can infer that this is not the intended meaning.
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 12:08
After reading sentence, we can see that it's decent, but "when viewed up close" and "in fact" aren't both needed.

- So eliminate A
- Eliminate B for same reason
- Eliminate C for same reason
- Eliminate E for poor structure

:. D
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 08:33
cool_jonny009 wrote:
lhotseface,

you got it ...OA is D .

pls explain !!!

Both "Though" and "When" are working as subordinating conjunction. A subordinating conjunction needs a clause. IN option D "when viewed from a distance" has no subject. Is this construction is correct?
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Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2015, 23:56
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The Original Sentence -Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

Though is normally used to show some contradiction or to show opposing views/opinions. E.g. Though not a great ground fielder, (but) Shane Warne was an excellent slip catcher.

In the original sentence the placement of though does not make the opening phrase look correct. As cited in the Warne example, the contradiction needed to be stated after the comma. Instead the phrase is awkwardly modifying the subject- Saturn's main rings.

The option B - Though Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous when viewed from a distance, they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets when viewed up close.

In this option Though is placed before the main subject- Saturn's main rings, therefore, the comma should be followed by words such as however, but etc. "They are in fact" does not amount to any contradiction/irony but just stating a fact. So the contrast is not clear. Additionally, the meaning of the sentence is debatable. The second clause literally means that saturn's main rings are composed of separate icy ringlets only when you view them up close, i.e. what if we don't view them up close, would this change the composition? The answer is no.

The option C - Saturn's main rings, when viewed from a distance, may appear to be smooth and continuous, though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.

This choice starts with the main subject- Saturn's main rings followed by an appositive. We can trim the sentence to - Saturn's main rings may appear to be smooth and continuous- Clause 1

Though when viewed up close they are in fact composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.- Clause 2.

The problem with the sentence is evident. Clause 2 should begin with the main subject noun or pronoun in this case, however, it begins with - though when viewed up close. Therefore, this sentence is not contrasting the subject in a parallel manner. Moreover, reading the clause 2 literally gives a similar meaning error as in choice B

Coming to choice D - When viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.

The opening phrase- When viewed from a distance correctly modifies Saturn's main rings- We are okay upto this point. Now I read the sentence without the opening phrase and it looks like

Saturn's main rings may appear smooth and continuous, but closer viewing reveals them to be composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets.
The sentence structure - "Saturn's main rings may appear X but closer viewing reveals them to be Y" gives a better contradiction than the first three and the placement of modifier is okay. We may have a slight inhibition regarding the parallel construction so let us check choice E

Choice E- Though composed of thousands of separate icy ringlets if viewed up close, the main rings of Saturn may appear smooth and continuous when they are viewed from a distance.

This sentence has major flaws- The first flaw is a meaning error similar to choice B - read the first part of the sentence literally. Moreover, the subject to be modified should be "Saturn's main rings" and not "the main rings of Saturn" ( GMAT likes subjects in active voice) .

Therefore, D is the best possible choice.
Re: Though viewed from a distance, Saturn's main rings may   [#permalink] 29 Apr 2015, 23:56
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