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Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and [#permalink]

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03 Dec 2012, 02:40

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Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete a certain task in 24 minutes. How long does it take Machine K, working alone at its constant rate, to complete the task?

(1) Machines M and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 36 minutes. (2) Machines K and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 48 minutes.

Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete a certain task in 24 minutes. How long does it take Machine K, working alone at its constant rate, to complete the task?

Say k, m, and p are the numbers of minutes machines K, M, and P take, respectively, to complete the task. Then we have that \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{m}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{24}\).

(1) Machines M and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 36 minutes --> \(\frac{1}{m}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{36}\), thus \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{36}=\frac{1}{24}\) --> we can find the value of \(k\). Sufficient.

(2) Machines K and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 48 minutes --> \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{48}\). The value of k cannot be determined from the data we have. Not sufficient.

Re: Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2013, 01:57

Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete a certain task in 24 minutes. How long does it take Machine K, working alone at its constant rate, to complete the task?

(1) Machines M and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 36 minutes. RATE K + M + P) - RATE : (M+P) = RATE : K. SUFFICIENT (2) Machines K and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 48 minutes. RATE K + M + P) - RATE : (K+P) = RATE : M. NOT SUFFICIENT _________________

Re: Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and [#permalink]

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28 Nov 2013, 05:29

Bunuel wrote:

Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete a certain task in 24 minutes. How long does it take Machine K, working alone at its constant rate, to complete the task?

Say k, m, and p are the numbers of minutes machines K, M, and P take, respectively, to complete the task. Then we have that \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{m}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{24}\).

(1) Machines M and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 36 minutes --> \(\frac{1}{m}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{36}\), thus \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{36}=\frac{1}{24}\) --> we can find the value of \(k\). Sufficient.

(2) Machines K and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 48 minutes --> \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{48}\). The value of k cannot be determined from the data we have. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

I approached this pbm a little differently. Pls. Explain where I am going wrong...is it OK to reason this way?

Let Rk, Rm and Rp be the rates for the machines K,M and P respectively. Then 1/Rk +1/Rm+1/Rp = 24

Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete a certain task in 24 minutes. How long does it take Machine K, working alone at its constant rate, to complete the task?

Say k, m, and p are the numbers of minutes machines K, M, and P take, respectively, to complete the task. Then we have that \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{m}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{24}\).

(1) Machines M and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 36 minutes --> \(\frac{1}{m}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{36}\), thus \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{36}=\frac{1}{24}\) --> we can find the value of \(k\). Sufficient.

(2) Machines K and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 48 minutes --> \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{48}\). The value of k cannot be determined from the data we have. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

I approached this pbm a little differently. Pls. Explain where I am going wrong...is it OK to reason this way?

Let Rk, Rm and Rp be the rates for the machines K,M and P respectively. Then 1/Rk +1/Rm+1/Rp = 24

St 1 gives ---> 1/Rm + 1/Rp = 36

So, we get 1/Rk + 36 = 24.

Solving, 1/Rk = 24-36=-12

Why am I getting a negative value?

1/Rk, 1/Rm, and 1/Rp are the numbers of minutes machines K, M, and P take to complete the task alone. Each must be greater than the time needed for three machines to complete a certain task together (24 minutes), thus 1/Rk +1/Rm+1/Rp = 24 is not right. The same for 1/Rm + 1/Rp = 36.

Re: Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and [#permalink]

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29 Nov 2013, 21:35

Bunuel wrote:

audiogal101 wrote:

Bunuel wrote:

Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete a certain task in 24 minutes. How long does it take Machine K, working alone at its constant rate, to complete the task?

Say k, m, and p are the numbers of minutes machines K, M, and P take, respectively, to complete the task. Then we have that \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{m}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{24}\).

(1) Machines M and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 36 minutes --> \(\frac{1}{m}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{36}\), thus \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{36}=\frac{1}{24}\) --> we can find the value of \(k\). Sufficient.

(2) Machines K and P, working simultaneously and independently at their respective constant rates, can complete the task in 48 minutes --> \(\frac{1}{k}+\frac{1}{p}=\frac{1}{48}\). The value of k cannot be determined from the data we have. Not sufficient.

Answer: A.

I approached this pbm a little differently. Pls. Explain where I am going wrong...is it OK to reason this way?

Let Rk, Rm and Rp be the rates for the machines K,M and P respectively. Then 1/Rk +1/Rm+1/Rp = 24

St 1 gives ---> 1/Rm + 1/Rp = 36

So, we get 1/Rk + 36 = 24.

Solving, 1/Rk = 24-36=-12

Why am I getting a negative value?

1/Rk, 1/Rm, and 1/Rp are the numbers of minutes machines K, M, and P take to complete the task alone. Each must be greater than the time needed for three machines to complete a certain task together (24 minutes), thus 1/Rk +1/Rm+1/Rp = 24 is not right. The same for 1/Rm + 1/Rp = 36.

Hope it's clear.

Got it. So would it be correct to say that 1/ (Rk+Rm+Rp) = 24? (since the denominator has combined rate now)?

Re: Three machines, K, M, and P, working simultaneously and [#permalink]

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18 Apr 2016, 20:47

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