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Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
05 Aug 2012, 03:32

8

This post was BOOKMARKED

00:00

A

B

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D

E

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

39% (03:06) correct
61% (01:46) wrong based on 195 sessions

Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl and one boy, are randomly seated at a table. What is the probability that all three girls are seated on the left of their boy siblings?

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
05 Aug 2012, 04:08

7

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Expert's post

2

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EvaJager wrote:

Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl and one boy, are randomly seated at a table. What is the probability that all three girls are seated on the left of their boy siblings?

Notice that we need a girl to be to the left of her sibling, but not necessarily right to the left of him (meaning that if B and G are siblings, then GB arrangement as well as for example G*B arrangement is possible).

Now, the probability that one particular sibling is seated that way is 1/2 (a girl can be either to the left of her sibling or to the right), the probability that two siblings are seated that way is 1/2*1/2 and the probability that all three siblings are seated that way is 1/2*1/2*1/2=1/8.

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
05 Aug 2012, 04:35

Bunuel wrote:

EvaJager wrote:

Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl and one boy, are randomly seated at a table. What is the probability that all three girls are seated on the left of their boy siblings?

Notice that we need a girl to be to the left of her sibling, but not necessarily right to the left of him (meaning that if B and G are siblings, then GB arrangement as well as for example G*B arrangement is possible).

Now, the probability that one particular sibling is seated that way is 1/2 (a girl can be either to the left of her sibling or to the right), the probability that two siblings are seated that way is 1/2*1/2 and the probability that all three siblings are seated that way is 1/2*1/2*1/2=1/8.

Answer: D.

By far the fastest and most elegant solution!

Those who want to play with combinatorics are invited to provide an alternate solution. _________________

PhD in Applied Mathematics Love GMAT Quant questions and running.

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
05 Aug 2012, 23:23

3

This post received KUDOS

EvaJager wrote:

Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl and one boy, are randomly seated at a table. What is the probability that all three girls are seated on the left of their boy siblings?

Place the first pair of siblings - we have 6 possibilities for one of them, and 5 for the other one; this gives 6*5, but we have to divide by 2, as only in half of them, the girls will sit on the left of her brother. So, 6*5/2=15 possibilities. To place the second pair of siblings - similarly, we have 4*3/2=6 possibilities. Finally, for the last and third pair - 2*1/2 = 1 possibility.

Therefore, the requested probability is 15*6/6!= 3*5*6/(2*3*4*5*6)=1/(2*4) = 1/8.

Answer D. _________________

PhD in Applied Mathematics Love GMAT Quant questions and running.

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
06 Aug 2012, 21:45

Thanks Bunuel, you once again showed that in GMAT in most cases it is more logical thinking than doing quants. I have tried this one with different approaches but still could not come up with solution, but after your explanation it seems so easy and i wonder how i could not come up myself.

Thanks!!! _________________

If you found my post useful and/or interesting - you are welcome to give kudos!

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
07 Nov 2012, 04:27

1

This post received KUDOS

Expert's post

BN1989 wrote:

EvaJager wrote:

EvaJager wrote:

Therefore, the requested probability is 15*6/6!= 3*5*6/(2*3*4*5*6)=1/(2*4) = 1/8.

Answer D.

Aren't there only 5! total arrangements around a table for 6 people?

We are not told that these 6 are seated around a table, so we don't have circular arrangement. The question implies that they are seated like in a row. _________________

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
08 Nov 2012, 10:06

EvaJager wrote:

EvaJager wrote:

Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl and one boy, are randomly seated at a table. What is the probability that all three girls are seated on the left of their boy siblings?

Place the first pair of siblings - we have 6 possibilities for one of them, and 5 for the other one; this gives 6*5, but we have to divide by 2, as only in half of them, the girls will sit on the left of her brother. So, 6*5/2=15 possibilities. To place the second pair of siblings - similarly, we have 4*3/2=6 possibilities. Finally, for the last and third pair - 2*1/2 = 1 possibility.

Therefore, the requested probability is 15*6/6!= 3*5*6/(2*3*4*5*6)=1/(2*4) = 1/8.

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
12 Feb 2014, 03:09

Bunuel wrote:

EvaJager wrote:

Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl and one boy, are randomly seated at a table. What is the probability that all three girls are seated on the left of their boy siblings?

Notice that we need a girl to be to the left of her sibling, but not necessarily right to the left of him (meaning that if B and G are siblings, then GB arrangement as well as for example G*B arrangement is possible).

Now, the probability that one particular sibling is seated that way is 1/2 (a girl can be either to the left of her sibling or to the right), the probability that two siblings are seated that way is 1/2*1/2 and the probability that all three siblings are seated that way is 1/2*1/2*1/2=1/8.

Answer: D.

Hi Bunuel,

first sibling can be seated in 1/2 ways. but how do we come about the second sibling probability of 1/2 ? I am bit confused here, can you explain please ?

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
05 Aug 2015, 03:21

EvaJager wrote:

EvaJager wrote:

Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl and one boy, are randomly seated at a table. What is the probability that all three girls are seated on the left of their boy siblings?

Here is a solution using combinatorics: Place the first pair of siblings - we have 6 possibilities for one of them, and 5 for the other one; this gives 6*5, but we have to divide by 2, as only in half of them, the girls will sit on the left of her brother. So, 6*5/2=15 possibilities. To place the second pair of siblings - similarly, we have 4*3/2=6 possibilities. Finally, for the last and third pair - 2*1/2 = 1 possibility.

Therefore, the requested probability is 15*6/6!= 3*5*6/(2*3*4*5*6)=1/(2*4) = 1/8.

Answer D.

Hi Eva I dont get eather of the solution , by Bunual or by you, please explain Place the first pair of siblings - we have 6 possibilities for one of them, and 5 for the other one; this gives 6*5

Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
05 Aug 2015, 04:07

vipulgoel wrote:

EvaJager wrote:

EvaJager wrote:

Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl and one boy, are randomly seated at a table. What is the probability that all three girls are seated on the left of their boy siblings?

Here is a solution using combinatorics: Place the first pair of siblings - we have 6 possibilities for one of them, and 5 for the other one; this gives 6*5, but we have to divide by 2, as only in half of them, the girls will sit on the left of her brother. So, 6*5/2=15 possibilities. To place the second pair of siblings - similarly, we have 4*3/2=6 possibilities. Finally, for the last and third pair - 2*1/2 = 1 possibility.

Therefore, the requested probability is 15*6/6!= 3*5*6/(2*3*4*5*6)=1/(2*4) = 1/8.

Answer D.

Hi Eva I dont get eather of the solution , by Bunual or by you, please explain Place the first pair of siblings - we have 6 possibilities for one of them, and 5 for the other one; this gives 6*5

Let the siblings be : in the order Girl Boy A B C D E F

Let the arrangement be _ _ _ _ _ _

So if you place lets say A on the first dash (=6 ways you can place A), you only have 5 places to let B go to. Thus you get 6*5. Eva has divided this and other possible arrangements by 2 to account for the fact 50% of the combinations will have AB_ _ _ _ while 50% will be BA_ _ _ _ . Only cases with AB_ _ _ _ type of combinations are allowed. We can safley assume 50% for either cases as there is no case for a 'bias' in these arrangements.

Bunuel has done the same , albeit in a slightly different manner. Probability of any girl sibling sitting to the right of the boy sibling = 50% or 1/2 (same as above)

Final probability = probability of 1st sibling girl to the left of the boy sibling * probability of 2nd sibling girl to the left of the boy sibling *probability of 3rd sibling girl to the left of the boy sibling = 1/2 * 1/2 * 1/2 = 1/8

Probability can be calculated in 2 ways:

Probability = total favorable cases / total cases (which is what Eva has done) or

Probability = probability of case 1* probability of case 2*probability of case 3 etc .... (which is what Bunuel has done).

You can choose whichever method suits you. _________________

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl [#permalink]
05 Aug 2015, 04:27

Thanks Now I got it.little more help, where i am wrong in this ...

Let the siblings be : in the order Girl Boy A B C D E F

Only three cases are available

ABCDEF ....(3!) no of ways three siblings can be arranges like CDABEF(one of the case out of 6) = 6 + ACEBDF ...3! *3! ( no of ways ACE and BDF can be arranged them self) = 36 + ABCEDF OR CDAEBF OR EFACBD ( no of ways ne sibling comes extrem left , then remaining two girls then remaining two boys)

3c1(ne subling out of three) *2! (ways two girls arranged among themself ) * 2! (ways 2 boys arranged among themself ) =24

Please let me know if my approach to the problem is correct. I have seen your other solutions where we multiply by 1/2 whenever we have a condition of sitting/ standing only on left or right.

So instead of multiplying 1/2 for each pair, i took (1/2)^3, 3 is the number of pairs. I want to know if this approach is correct in case i have to apply to similar questions.

gmatclubot

Re: Three pairs of siblings, each pair consisting of one girl
[#permalink]
06 Aug 2015, 04:51

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