Through their selective funding of research projects, : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Through their selective funding of research projects,

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Intern
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Through their selective funding of research projects, [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2003, 09:32
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Through their selective funding of research projects, pharmaceutical companies exert too much influence upon medical research in universities. Only research proposals promising lucrative results are given serious consideration, and funding is usually awarded to scientists at large institutions who already have vast research experience. As a result, only larger universities will be able to continue developing adequate research facilities, and graduate students will learn that their future research must conform to the expectations of the corporation. Research will continue to be conducted at the expense of human welfare.

Which of the following reactions of a pharmaceutical company representative would provide the strongest rebuttal to the comments above?

* Many of the research projects funded by pharmaceutical companies do not end up being lucrative.
* Much of the funding provided by pharmaceutical companies goes to fellowships that help pay for the educations of graduate students.
* If it were not for the funds which pharmaceutical companies provide, very little medical research could be conducted at all.
* The committee members fail to discuss other methods of funding research projects.
* Larger universities are the only ones equipped to conduct the kind of research sponsored by pharmaceutical companies.
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26 Nov 2003, 10:10
ann wrote:
Through their selective funding of research projects, pharmaceutical companies exert too much influence upon medical research in universities. Only research proposals promising lucrative results are given serious consideration, and funding is usually awarded to scientists at large institutions who already have vast research experience. As a result, only larger universities will be able to continue developing adequate research facilities, and graduate students will learn that their future research must conform to the expectations of the corporation. Research will continue to be conducted at the expense of human welfare.

Which of the following reactions of a pharmaceutical company representative would provide the strongest rebuttal to the comments above?

* Many of the research projects funded by pharmaceutical companies do not end up being lucrative.
* Much of the funding provided by pharmaceutical companies goes to fellowships that help pay for the educations of graduate students.
* If it were not for the funds which pharmaceutical companies provide, very little medical research could be conducted at all.
* The committee members fail to discuss other methods of funding research projects.
* Larger universities are the only ones equipped to conduct the kind of research sponsored by pharmaceutical companies.

we need the " strongest rebuttal".

E is best.

Conclusion is that only large univs get these projects...so the rebuttal needs to be as strong. E is an all out attack on the argument..

A,B add "many" , "much" to the argument which really makes you wonder " exactly how much".

C ..makes exactly the same point the argument makes, too much company influence on research

D committee members??? where are they in the entire argument.
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26 Nov 2003, 10:40
I vote for C.

we need to think from pharma company's representative perspect...

author points out that graduate students have to conform to the research standards, and that they have to meet--in the research--expectation of the pharmaceutical compaies. But what if the companies don't provide the funds....no research will be done.

hence, representative refutes autor's allegation.
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26 Nov 2003, 16:26
I like E. See my reasons:

I dont like C although it is close, because it is too ARROGANT

* A - useless choice, its a lame duck excuse.
* B - irrelevant excuse, has nothing to do with big Univs and research
* C - Someones gotta do the research, it seems like a defensive argument. SO I WILL NOT PICK IT.
* D - Seems like a place holder
* E - Pharam research is very complex, and needs vast Exp & good facilities - see the middle of the paragraph its all listed there. SO I GO WITH IT.
So I hear it like this: "ONLY BIG UNIVS CAN HANDLE THIS COMPLEX JOB - SO WE GOTTA FUND THEM - CAN LET OUR MONEY GO DOWN THE DRAIN IN UNIVS WHO CANT HANDLE SUCH COMPLEX TASKS"

If u see any flaw in my explaination, please I would like hear it.
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02 Dec 2003, 03:53
But is not a rebuttal but corroboration of the comments.

pharmaceutical companies are the only source of money--they sponsor larger universities--so, only larger universities will be able to continue developing adequate research facilities

Where is a rebuttal? To rebate the comments, a representative should prove that NOT ONLY larger universities are able to conduct research.
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02 Dec 2003, 03:53
C is not a rebuttal but corroboration of the comments.

pharmaceutical companies are the only source of money--they sponsor larger universities--so, only larger universities will be able to continue developing adequate research facilities

Where is a rebuttal? To rebate the comments, a representative should prove that NOT ONLY larger universities are able to conduct research.

Last edited by stolyar on 10 Dec 2003, 07:08, edited 1 time in total.
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02 Dec 2003, 08:12
stolyar wrote:
But is not a rebuttal but corroboration of the comments.

pharmaceutical companies are the only source of money--they sponsor larger universities--so, only larger universities will be able to continue developing adequate research facilities

Where is a rebuttal? To rebate the comments, a representative should prove that NOT ONLY larger universities are able to conduct research.

Agree.

The term logic should be large univerisities already have large/adaquate facilities and that's why they get priority NOT that they build large facilities because they get funding.
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27 Oct 2010, 08:48
Guys,

Let me up this is a brilliant question. I do not like the logic of OA and OE...
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05 Nov 2010, 10:51
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I think where some of you are getting tripped up here is in identifying the real conclusion of the argument. Yes, "only larger universities will be able to continue developing adequate research facilities, and graduate students will learn that their future research must conform to the expectations of the corporation." But what does the author conclude from that? He says that this dynamic means: "Research will continue to be conducted at the expense of human welfare."

Really, the crucial point of this argument is that pharma companies' funding occurs at the EXPENSE OF HUMAN WELFARE.

Answer choice C rebuts this idea by saying, "Wait wait wait! Without pharma funding, almost no medical research could even be done at all!" Essentially, C is saying that even if pharma funding is problematic, it's still necessary to enable whatever research occurs.

This is a tricky one! Answer choice E, which a lot of you seemed to like, simply offers a reason WHY more pharma funding goes to larger universities (they're equipped to handle the research).

Hope that helps!
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Jen Rugani
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Re: CR..   [#permalink] 05 Nov 2010, 10:51
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