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# To deal with this explosion of data, one can use the

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Director
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To deal with this explosion of data, one can use the [#permalink]

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09 Jan 2005, 07:50
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To deal with this explosion of data, one can use the computer and communications technology to help us sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.

A. to help us sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.
B. to help us sort, store, transport, and most important, to understand the information.
C. to help us to sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.
D. to help one to sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.
E. to help one sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.

HIGHLIGHT BELOW FOR OA:
OA IS (E)

I don't understand about the word "help" here. It is defined as a "Causative Verb" but it must follow by an infinitive. There are only three causative verbs "have", "make" and "let" are followed by a noun/pronoun and the base form of the verb. So (D) must be correct.
If you have any questions
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Senior Manager
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09 Jan 2005, 08:36
you're right but in the context of the SC in question i would chooce E. since its the only choice that is parallel and uses one instead of us, which is incorrect.
Director
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09 Jan 2005, 13:18
But (D) is correct too.

help someone to do something...

http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/verb ... tive_verbs

(D) should be correct like this:
To deal with this explosion of data, one can use the computer and communications technology to help one to sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.

The word "to" is omitted from "store", "transport", "understand" since it is redundant.
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09 Jan 2005, 13:25
Well I think E is correct. Even I picked E before looking at the OA. Though I don't have a proper reason to eliminate D but qocho1 I think if we are using "to" we need to use it in front of every verb rather than just just ONE of the verb. Well that was the only reason choose E over D I might be wrong but That only my point of view. I would also like to know more about it.

Thanks
Saurabh Malpani
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09 Jan 2005, 13:54
I dont get it. Without "to" in front of every verb in (D), it is still parallel. The word "to" is omitted.
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09 Jan 2005, 20:41
qhoc1000 i can see what you're saying but in D, the parallelism is violated because of the use of 'to' before sort. it's redundant.
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10 Jan 2005, 10:09
IN the case, the principle "the shorter the better" is useful. E is a good OA since it is shorter then D. the second "to" in D is not necessary and violate paralellism.
Director
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10 Jan 2005, 12:42
patrickpui wrote:
IN the case, the principle "the shorter the better" is useful. E is a good OA since it is shorter then D. the second "to" in D is not necessary and violate paralellism.

I agree - a very tricky one! I originally chose E, reasoning just like patrickpui did. However, 'help' here seems to me a test for idiomatic usage as in help (oneself) to something... which is gramatically correct according to http://www.dictionary.com, e.g. The thief helped himself to our family silver. Applying this to our question, we have:

To deal with this explosion of data, one can use the computer and communications technology to help <oneself> to sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.

So, the ans. seems to me, D! Offcourse, in other expressions involving 'help', the word 'to' becomes unnecessary e.g.

I will help you ace the gmat (correct - perhaps better usage)
I will help you to ace the gmat (also correct, but 'to'??? redundant???)
Director
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Re: SC - explosion of data [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2005, 13:06
qhoc0010 wrote:
To deal with this explosion of data, one can use the computer and communications technology to help us sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.

A. to help us sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.
B. to help us sort, store, transport, and most important, to understand the information.
C. to help us to sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.
D. to help one to sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.
E. to help one sort, store, transport, and most important, understand the information.

HIGHLIGHT BELOW FOR OA:
OA IS (E)

I don't understand about the word "help" here. It is defined as a "Causative Verb" but it must follow by an infinitive. There are only three causative verbs "have", "make" and "let" are followed by a noun/pronoun and the base form of the verb. So (D) must be correct.

according to the exceptions of the causative verb as you mentioned .should n't it be. E and not D?
Director
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11 Jan 2005, 10:25
I copy this paragraph from
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/verb ... tive_verbs

Causative VerbsCausative verbs designate the action necessary to cause another action to happen. In "The devil made me do it." the verb "made" causes the "do" to happen. Here is a brief list of causative verbs, in no particular order: let, help, allow, have, require, allow, motivate, get, make, convince, hire, assist, encourage, permit, employ, force. Most of them are followed by an object (noun or pronoun) followed by an infinitive: "She allows her pet cockatiel to perch on the windowsill. She hired a carpenter to build a new birdcage."

Three causative verbs are exceptions to the pattern described above. Instead of being followed by a noun/pronoun and an infinitive, the causative verbs have, make and let are followed by a noun/pronoun and the base form of the verb (which is actually an infinitive with the "to" left off).

Professor Villa had her students read four short novels in one week.
However, she let them skip the final exam.
Director
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11 Jan 2005, 10:26
I copy this paragraph from
http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/verb ... tive_verbs

Causative VerbsCausative verbs designate the action necessary to cause another action to happen. In "The devil made me do it." the verb "made" causes the "do" to happen. Here is a brief list of causative verbs, in no particular order: let, help, allow, have, require, allow, motivate, get, make, convince, hire, assist, encourage, permit, employ, force. Most of them are followed by an object (noun or pronoun) followed by an infinitive: "She allows her pet cockatiel to perch on the windowsill. She hired a carpenter to build a new birdcage."

Three causative verbs are exceptions to the pattern described above. Instead of being followed by a noun/pronoun and an infinitive, the causative verbs have, make and let are followed by a noun/pronoun and the base form of the verb (which is actually an infinitive with the "to" left off).

Professor Villa had her students read four short novels in one week.
However, she let them skip the final exam.

"help" is not in one of those three.
Manager
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11 Jan 2005, 11:10
So based on the above, help is a regular causitive verb and hence should be followed by a pronoun and an infinitive and the answer should be D

Thanks!
Sunder
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11 Jan 2005, 20:45
qhoc1000,

thank you for the great post and explanation. causative verbs are tricky and thats the saddest part about the GMAT. too many test takers get tangled into the 'strict' grammar rules of written standart english. however, as we all know we are supposed to choose the BEST answer choice, which fits the sentence in question. sometimes the best answer may not mean the most correct answer. great discussion btw.
Director
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22 Jan 2005, 09:24
was curious on the issue raised by qhoc. Found some of the sentences through google. All of them have the usage similar to the choice (E). I dont know.. may be Webster's list u mentioned is not correct.

1. The aim of this site is to help you avoid low grades, lost employment opportunities, lost business, and titters of amusement at the way you write or speak.

2. I will not do homework for you, but I will be happy to help you understand a specific grammar concept that is giving you trouble.

3. ...practical and authoritative guide to contemporary English to help you make intelligent decisions when communicating
SVP
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22 Jan 2005, 23:22
"to help somebody to something" there "something" is a noun.
eg. I helped myself to a cup of tea.

"to help somebody (to) do something" "to" can be omitted.

If you don't omit "to" in the first part, then you'd need a "to" before "understand". This is only my opinion.
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