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To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award

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To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2012, 09:00
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A
B
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E

Difficulty:

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Question Stats:

68% (01:57) correct 32% (01:02) wrong based on 206 sessions
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens

This question doesnt really make sense to me.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink] New post 02 Jan 2012, 22:27
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A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...CORRECT

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...PREVENT THE MOVING OF BUISNESSES SOUNDS AS IF BUSINESSES ARE OBJECTS...

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening....PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY INCORRECTLY REFER TO SUPPORTERS

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening...PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY REFER TO LOCAL GOVT INCORRECTLY

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens....SAME AS B
HOPE IT HELPS....
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2012, 02:23
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To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

Consider the expanded form of this sentence:

Let's break this sentence into its components:

a) In order to prevent business from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks
b) annual tax breaks are described by supporters as vital tools
c) vital tools encourage economic development
d) annual tax breaks are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare"
e) "corporate welfare" weakens the national economy

To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, (this is a participle phrase)described by supporters as vital tools (relative clause)that encourage economic development but (this is a participle phrase that is parallel to previous participle phrase )denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" (relative clause)that weakens the national economy.

Whenever you see a relative clause, replace the relative pronoun with the noun before it in the sentence and see whether it makes sense. You must also know the difference between relative clause and noun clause that can begin with "That".

A is perfect and is without error.
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2012, 02:24
Where in Manhattan GMAT did you find this question?
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2012, 04:21
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Two choices B and C are wrong because of " annual tax breaks each year" - problem of redundancy;
In D, they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, BUT critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening - Problem of parallelism;
E - Modifier issue

so clearly A
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2012, 09:56
This question was in one of the practice tests. Its a challenging one for sure.
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink] New post 03 Jan 2012, 10:02
@someone79 Seriously thank you for the information. One thing I dont understand is when you say
" Whenever you see a relative clause, replace the relative pronoun with the noun before it in the sentence and see whether it makes sense. You must also know the difference between relative clause and noun clause that can begin with "That"." Could you please provide an example.
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2012, 03:09
+1 for A.
b,
Quote:
) the moving of businesses
.
c,
Quote:
businesses moving

d,
Quote:
annual tax breaks each year
,redundancy
e,
Quote:
whose supporters describe
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink] New post 04 Jan 2012, 06:28
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To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

unidiomatic "moving of businesses" and mixed up active and passive in the later part

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening
repeatative

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening
repeatative
E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens

antecedent? govt or tax breaks
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink] New post 22 Mar 2013, 02:00
How do we know the antecedent of the 'them' in the A? That seems to confuse me, isn't it a necessary assumption on the part of the testmaker to think that 'them' refers to businesses, not governments?
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2013, 05:59
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Quote:
manimgoindowndown wrote:
How do we know the antecedent of the 'them' in the A? That seems to confuse me, isn't it a necessary assumption on the part of the testmaker to think that 'them' refers to businesses, not governments?


Let’s sort it out by replacement technique.
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them local governments annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them businesses annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

You can see which is logically fitting in.
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2013, 06:26
Quote:
daagh wrote :Let’s sort it out by replacement technique.
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them local governments annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens


this is never possible . u cannot use "them" to refer to the subject of the same clause

the only way possible is local governments award themselves .......
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2013, 06:48
rajeevrks27 wrote:
A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...CORRECT

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens...PREVENT THE MOVING OF BUISNESSES SOUNDS AS IF BUSINESSES ARE OBJECTS...

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening....PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY INCORRECTLY REFER TO SUPPORTERS

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening...PRONOUN ISSUE..THEY REFER TO LOCAL GOVT INCORRECTLY

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens....SAME AS B
HOPE IT HELPS....


Hi
+1 kudos for you.you explained the questioned nicely.thanks for your explanation
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2013, 11:44
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

I have a doubt here... "described" is a modifier that is modifying annual tax breaks...how can denounced an ed modifier placed so far be connected to "annual tax breaks??

@daagh would like to have your opinion here??
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Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink] New post 23 Mar 2013, 12:06
gmatpunjabi wrote:
To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens the national economy.

A) businesses from moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks, described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

B) the moving of businesses, local governments award them annual tax breaks, which supporters describe as vital tools for encouraging economic development but are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens

C) businesses moving, local governments award them annual tax breaks each year; supporters describe those breaks as vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening

D) businesses from moving, local governments award annual tax breaks each year; they are described by supporters as vital tools that encourage economic development, but critics denounce them as "corporate welfare" weakening

E) the moving of businesses, local governments award annual tax breaks, whose supporters describe as vital tools to encourage economic development but whose critics denounce as "corporate welfare" that weakens

This question doesnt really make sense to me.

Options B,C and E are badly constructed....A and D survives....I think D is more of a punctutation errors..."They are " is a dependent clause and should not be connected using semi colon. Again "they " is ambigous..it can stand for local govts or the tax breaks....
Hence A must be the answer

Consider kudos if my post helps!!

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Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award [#permalink] New post 09 Sep 2013, 17:20
Could I have use the parallelism split?

"vital tools that encourage economic development but denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" that weakens"

" vital tools to encourage economic development, but they are denounced by critics as "corporate welfare" for weakening"

Wouldn't just the last word result in canceling out C and D and leave ABE?

Having issues with //-ism, will take any help I can get! Thanks.
Re: To prevent businesses from moving, local governments award   [#permalink] 09 Sep 2013, 17:20
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