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# To speak habitually of the "truly needy" is gradually

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To speak habitually of the "truly needy" is gradually [#permalink]  29 Jan 2005, 00:52
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To speak habitually of the "truly needy" is gradually instilling the notion that many of those who are just called "needy" actually have adequate resources; such a conclusion is unwarranted.

(A) To speak habitually of the "truly needy" is gradually instilling the notion
(B) To speak habitually of the "truly needy" is instilling the notion gradually
(C) To speak habitually of the "truly needy" is gradually to instill the notion
(D) Speaking habitually of the "truly needy" is to instill the gradual notion
(E) Speaking habitually of the "truly needy" is instilling the gradual notion
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X is Y -> For parallelism both X and Y have to be of the same forms (both clauses, both gerunds, both infinitives etc.)
Choice E is the only one that maintains this parallelism

Speaking habitually of the "truly needy" is instilling the gradual notion
GERUND GERUND

You might be tricked by C, but it is not a true (infinitive) parallel because of introduction of gradually before to : is gradually to instill

On Second thought:
instilling the gradual notion in E is wrong, it should be instilling the notion gradually. So I guess C might be a better choice!!
C)
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"C"

Altho I don't like any of the choices....but C stinks the least.....GMAT always prefers infinitive over gerund, I think. E changes the meaning.
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A B and D have parallelism issues
C has improper split infinitive form whereby "gradually" should go b/w "to" and "instill"
Only E is parallel
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OK, I don't know if I am tired here. It is 2:46 AM
I am confused!!!

Quote:
X is Y -> For parallelism both X and Y have to be of the same forms (both clauses, both gerunds, both infinitives etc.)
Choice E is the only one that maintains this parallelism

Speaking habitually of the "truly needy" is instilling the gradual notion
GERUND GERUND

You might be tricked by C, but it is not a true (infinitive) parallel because of introduction of gradually before to : is gradually to instill

On Second thought:
instilling the gradual notion in E is wrong, it should be instilling the notion gradually. So I guess C might be a better choice!!
C)

In nocilis's post, first the answer is (E) then turns to (C)???

Quote:
A B and D have parallelism issues
C has improper split infinitive form whereby "gradually" should go b/w "to" and "instill"
Only E is parallel

I thought split infinitive occurs when some word is placed between "to" and "base form of verb" such as this

I didn't think this would be split infinitive

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OA is (C). But I agree with Paul that "gradually" is misplaced in (C). I chose (E) myself.
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OK, so let me ask again.
So does (C) has split infinitive?

Because I don't think it does. I choose (C) myself in the first place until I saw Paul's post and started to confuse.

Here is another question, HongHu. Where does this question come from?
I think the use of "gradually" and "instill" seems redundant.

I look up the dictionary.

Code:

instill
[code]To introduce by gradual, persistent efforts; implant: â€œMorality... may be instilled into their mindsâ€
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qhoc, C has improper split infinitive form because the adverb has to come between "to" and "infinitive" as honghu mentioned.

"to gradually instill" should be proper form instead of "gradually to instill". As to gradually+instill being redundant, you may have a point by the provided definitions... this question would just be badly written after all
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I would have to say I disagree about the case of split infinitive in (C), Paul!

http://webster.commnet.edu/grammar/verb ... infinitive

Or this.
http://www.bartleby.com/64/C001/059.html

Let me paste the whole page here.

To boldly go where no one has gone before. This phrase, so familiar to Star Trek fans, presents us with the dilemma of the split infinitiveâ€”an infinitive that has an adverb between the to and the verb. Split infinitives have been condemned as ungrammatical for nearly 200 years, but it is hard to see what exactly is wrong with saying to boldly go. Its meaning is clear. It has a strong rhythm than reinforces the meaning. And rearranging the phrase only makes it less effective. We may also want to go boldly where no one has gone before, but it doesnâ€™t sound as exciting. And certainly no one wants to go where no one has gone before boldly. That is a different voyage entirely. 1
In fact, the split infinitive is distinguished both by its length of use and the greatness of its users. People have been splitting infinitives since the 14th century, and some of the most noteworthy splitters include John Donne, Samuel Pepys, Daniel Defoe, Benjamin Franklin, Samuel Johnson, William Wordsworth, Abraham Lincoln, George Eliot, Henry James, and Willa Cather. 2
The only rationale for condemning the construction is based on a false analogy with Latin. The thinking is that because the Latin infinitive is a single word, the English infinitive should be treated as if it were a single unit. But English is not Latin, and people split infinitives all the time without giving it a thought. Should we condemn compound infinitives, such as I want to go and have a look, simply because the infinitive have has no to next to it? 3
Still, if you dislike infinitives split by adverbs, you can often avoid them without difficulty. You can easily recast the sentence To better understand the minersâ€™ plight, he went to live in their district as To understand the minersâ€™ plight better, he went to live in their district. But as we saw with the Star Trek example, you must be careful not to ruin the rhythm of the sentence or create an unintended meaning by displacing an adverb. 4
If you plan on keeping your split infinitives, you should be wary of constructions that have more than one word between to and the verb. The Usage Panel splits down the middle on the one-adverb split infinitive. Fifty percent accept it in the sentence The move allowed the company to legally pay the employees severance payments that in some cases exceeded \$30,000. But only 23 percent of the panel accepts the split infinitive in this sentence: We are seeking a plan to gradually, systematically, and economically relieve the burden. The panel is more tolerant of constructions in which the intervening words are intrinsic to the sense of the verb. Eighty-seven percent of the panel accepts the sentence We expect our output to more than double in a year. 5
Remember too that infinitive phrases in which the adverb precedes a participle, such as to be rapidly rising, to be clearly understood, and to have been ruefully mistaken, are not split and should be acceptable to everybody. And donâ€™t be deceived by to-constructions with a gerund, as in He is committed to laboriously assembling all of the facts of the case. Here what is split is not an infinitive but a prepositional phrase.
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C has the adverb right before the infinitive and it does sound awkward. Take the example provided by the link:
He thinks he'll be able to more than double his salary this year
Can you say:
He thinks he'll be able more than to double his salary this year
As you can see, and as mentioned by the given links, split infinitives are accepted forms of writing and should not be sacrificed at the expense of grace. There are just certain examples where adverb CANNOT go before the infinitive just as in the original question. To the extreme, "gradually" in C could go after the infinitive so as to keep parallelism although I still prefer the more gracious split infinitive form "to gradually instill".
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Paul

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I still don't understand why you said this is better

Because the text I post above said

an infinitive that has an adverb between the to and the verb

I would think this will sound better and reserve parallelism

... is to instill gradually ...

rather than

... is gradually to instill ...
or
... is to gradually instill ...

As I don't think "split infinitive" occurs when an "adv" is placed before "to".
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I am sorry.
But Paul, please don't give up on me man.
What am I wrong here?
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'To speak', needs 'to instill'

So A,B,C is out.
Similar problem with D.

E is the only one with parallel structure.
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What Paul said is that "... is to gradually instill ... " is a form of split infinitive that is ok to use, while "... is gradually to instill ... " is not good, I believe.
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HongHu wrote:
What Paul said is that "... is to gradually instill ... " is a form of split infinitive that is ok to use, while "... is gradually to instill ... " is not good, I believe.

oops, forgot about this post. Honghu is right. "to gradually instill" is a correct form of split infinitive whereas "gradually to instill" is wrong. I believe (I could be wrong here but no counter example comes to my mind) it is impossible to have an adverb followed by infinitive form. The adverb should either come after or in between the infinitive form, the latter form being the split infinitive.
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OA is (C), Paul's and my own choice is (E).
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Chinese. (It's my over source so far, didn't have time to get any other books yet. Even the OG is still on the way. Will concentrate on it the next week, and then it is the big day yay!)
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I have 10 days left. I bet you will do lots better than me for sure.
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Best of luck to you! And let's compare notes after all is done and the celebration drinks are out of the way.
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