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Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars

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Senior Manager
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Today s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2011, 08:12
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

53% (01:36) correct 47% (03:38) wrong based on 86 sessions
Today’s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.

(A) small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their

(B) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their

(C) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in

(D) more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their

(E) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in
what is the difference between B and C,plz explain
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Re: Small cars [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2011, 15:06
Use of "Their"

Its a hanging modifier. Original sentence doesn't clearly indicate whom do we refer to with "their"

C doesn't use "Their", and hence the correct option.
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Re: Small cars [#permalink] New post 04 Aug 2011, 16:29
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TomB wrote:
Today’s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their production history.

(A) small cars more fuel-efficient now than at any time in their

(B) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their

(C) small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in

(D) more fuel-efficient small cars than those at any other time in their

(E) more fuel-efficient small cars now than at any time in
what is the difference between B and C,plz explain


Hi TomB and other friends,

Let's analyze original sentence and all the answer choices one by one. There are two mistakes in original sentence.
1. For the idiom more x than y, X and Y should be parallel. Here X = fuel-efficient and Y = at any time in their production history(lets say 1990). Which are not parallel. Consider right usage ex : My car is more fuel efficient than your car. OR My car is more fuel efficient than powerful.
2. Usage of pronoun 'Their". Their can refer to both "cars" and "manufactures" so there is no clear antecedent for "their".

Now see the answer choices.
A is wrong because of above reasons.
B is wrong because : 1. Usage of "they" and " Their"
C is still has pronoun issue but meaning wise it is best . It is comparing small cars with those old cars. Lets have same substitution
Today’s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at any other time in production history.
Today’s technology allows manufacturers to make small cars that are more fuel-efficient than those at 1990.
D We can prefer C over D also for modifier reason : D has two continuous modifier "more fuel-efficient" and "small" intended to modify cars. In c we don't have continuous modifier, that is better. Usage of "their" again leading to ambiguity along with "those"
E. It again has 2 modifier continuously.

If any question, please revert.


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Re: Small cars [#permalink] New post 14 May 2012, 19:12
I have another observation on option B.
"small cars that are more fuel-efficient than they were at any time in their"..

This sentence is more like " they are more happier than they were" or " I am more athletic than I was..."... here i am comparing a mood/state of myself of the past with the present.

But how can a small car be more fuel efficient now than it was?
A small car today is more fuel efficient than a small car t any other time. So "those" is a better pronoun than "they".

This observation may not matter in the given example. But this will help if the last word (their) is omitted from option B.
Re: Small cars   [#permalink] 14 May 2012, 19:12
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