Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an

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Director
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Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

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31 Jul 2007, 11:45
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988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.
(A) an era when the city had transformed
(B) an era during which the city was transformed
(C) an era that transformed it
(D) during which era the city transformed
(E) during which the city was transformed
If you have any questions
New!
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31 Jul 2007, 12:50
Initially went for C, but stopped at B
To be clear, answer choices are modifying a period, or "era" in this instance, between 1973 and 1993. As such, "during" can not modify "period" and, therefore D & E are out!

beckee529 wrote:
988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.
(A) an era when the city had transformed - "when" is not the right modifier for "era"; no need for past perfect
(B) an era during which the city was transformed My choice!
(C) an era that transformed it - "era" cannot transform
(D) during which era the city transformed
(E) during which the city was transformed
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31 Jul 2007, 19:28
I chose C.

But yeah... I guess I am wrong.(thanks botivroy)

But if u go for B, why not E?
Isnt "era" redundant when you have already specified a time period
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09 Aug 2007, 10:53
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(A) an era when the city had transformed
(B) an era during which the city was transformed
(C) an era that transformed it
(D) during which era the city transformed <-- during which era is awkward, besides that I do not know any other reason for eliminating this
(E) during which the city was transformed <-- again, sounds awkward, we need to mention era

this was a tough one but B it is. OA is B as well (This is 1000 SC # 988)
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09 Aug 2007, 10:59
It was between B and E, but I vote for answer B.
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09 Aug 2007, 18:02
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botirvoy wrote:
Initially went for C, but stopped at B
To be clear, answer choices are modifying a period, or "era" in this instance, between 1973 and 1993. As such, "during" can not modify "period" and, therefore D & E are out!

beckee529 wrote:
988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.
(A) an era when the city had transformed - "when" is not the right modifier for "era"; no need for past perfect
(B) an era during which the city was transformed My choice!
(C) an era that transformed it - "era" cannot transform
(D) during which era the city transformed
(E) during which the city was transformed

Well explained...B it is...I think 'when' is used to indicate a specific time not a period...any thoughts??
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09 Aug 2007, 20:42
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E

E is shorter than B and conveys the same meaning. Always pick the shorter answers.

988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

(A) an era when the city had transformed - had is used to specify that something occured before something else, which is no needed here.
(B) an era during which the city was transformed - Why introduce 'an era'? No need. E says the same thing but more elegantly. Wrong.
(C) an era that transformed it - The era did not transform the city, it was transformed DURING that time.
(D) during which era the city transformed - Era is misplaced. Awkward.
(E) during which the city was transformed - Ding Ding. Correct.
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10 Aug 2007, 00:39
vineetgupta wrote:
botirvoy wrote:
Initially went for C, but stopped at B
To be clear, answer choices are modifying a period, or "era" in this instance, between 1973 and 1993. As such, "during" can not modify "period" and, therefore D & E are out!

beckee529 wrote:
988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.
(A) an era when the city had transformed - "when" is not the right modifier for "era"; no need for past perfect
(B) an era during which the city was transformed My choice!
(C) an era that transformed it - "era" cannot transform
(D) during which era the city transformed
(E) during which the city was transformed

Well explained...B it is...I think 'when' is used to indicate a specific time not a period...any thoughts??

a period (what?)
during (when?)

They have different functions in a sentence
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10 Aug 2007, 00:44
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average gmat score would have been 800 if this statement were true
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11 Aug 2007, 07:33
Why are DE wrong? Can someone give me an example in which DURING should be used?
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22 Aug 2007, 07:23
bmwhype2 wrote:
Why are DE wrong? Can someone give me an example in which DURING should be used?

bmw --Any luck

startup --- can u explain why B may be incorrect?
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22 Aug 2007, 09:03
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during modifies a time period.

the answer is B because "an era ...." clause is an appositive.

which is tested two ways on the GMAT.
1. nonessential clause set off by a comma.
2. replacement of "that." "which"needs a preposition because the use of "which" in this case. Which is a relative pronoun and must have a referent. "An era" is the referent.

Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era during which the city was transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

beckee529 wrote:
988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.
(A) an era when the city had transformed
(B) an era during which the city was transformed
(C) an era that transformed it
(D) during which era the city transformed
(E) during which the city was transformed
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Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2013, 02:31
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B is the best choice - (Appositive) -- Emphasis is on the ERA, when Y was Mayor.

A - incorrect - Cannot be past and past-perfect at the same time - "the city has transformed"

C - incorrect - use of it - ambiguous

D, E - incorrect - use of "during" is wrong in D and E because there is no antecedent for "during which" .

We need 'an era' as an appositive otherwise the clauses at the end would modify the year instead of the period

Source:
http://gmatsentencecorrection.blogspot. ... 7-988.html
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Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 04:17
In (c) , why can't "it" clearly modify Los Angeles?
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Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2013, 04:50
beckee529 wrote:
988. Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.
(A) an era when the city had transformed
(B) an era during which the city was transformed
(C) an era that transformed it
(D) during which era the city transformed
(E) during which the city was transformed

1973 to 1993 tells us about a time period .."an era"... so (D) and (e) are out...
for "era" we use during "which"... "when is used for time..not time period...so (a) is out...down to (B) and (c)...
(c) is wrong because it says.. "the era transformed the city"...but era din't transform the city...city was transformed during that era....so (b) is the best choice...Hope it helps...
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Re: Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

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03 Jan 2015, 23:48
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29 Jun 2015, 09:59
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Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed
from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

A. an era when the city had transformed
B. an era during which the city was transformed
C. an era that transformed it
D. during which era the city transformed
E. during which the city was transformed
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30 Jun 2015, 05:18
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sannidhya wrote:
Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed
from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

A. an era when the city had transformed
B. an era during which the city was transformed
C. an era that transformed it
D. during which era the city transformed
E. during which the city was transformed

Point 1: 1993 is a year, not an era- Eliminate D, E

Point 2: the wording in D is also strange, 'during which era' does not make sense

Point 3: 'era' did not transform the city! Eliminate C

Point 4: Past perfect tense is not needed, keep it simple! Eliminate A

Point 5: usage of when as a modifier of era in A, in the context of this question, is a bot suspicious for me
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30 Jun 2015, 05:36
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Expert's post
apolo wrote:
sannidhya wrote:
Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed
from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

A. an era when the city had transformed
B. an era during which the city was transformed
C. an era that transformed it
D. during which era the city transformed
E. during which the city was transformed

[color=#0000ff]Point 1: 1993 is a year, not an era- Eliminate D, E[/color]
from 1973 to 1993 is an era...
Point 2: the wording in D is also strange, 'during which era' does not make sense

Point 3: 'era' did not transform the city! Eliminate C

Point 4: Past perfect tense is not needed, keep it simple! Eliminate A

Point 5: usage of when as a modifier of era in A, in the context of this question, is a bot suspicious for me
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Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2015, 05:47
chetan2u wrote:
apolo wrote:
sannidhya wrote:
Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an era when the city had transformed
from a collection of suburban neighborhoods to the second-largest city in the United States.

A. an era when the city had transformed
B. an era during which the city was transformed
C. an era that transformed it
D. during which era the city transformed
E. during which the city was transformed

[color=#0000ff]Point 1: 1993 is a year, not an era- Eliminate D, E[/color]
from 1973 to 1993 is an era...
Point 2: the wording in D is also strange, 'during which era' does not make sense

Point 3: 'era' did not transform the city! Eliminate C

Point 4: Past perfect tense is not needed, keep it simple! Eliminate A

Point 5: usage of when as a modifier of era in A, in the context of this question, is a bot suspicious for me

Good Question!

But 'which' is a noun modifier; it normally modifies the noun (or in special cases, the noun phrase) before it.

What can which modify in E? Either '1997' (this does not make sense, because city was not transformed during only 1997) or another noun phrase before it. Unfortunately 'from 1973 to 1997' is not a noun (or noun phrase); therefore, 'which' cannot be used to modify it. Instead, we can use an absolute phrase as in B
Tom Bradley was mayor of Los Angeles from 1973 to 1993, an   [#permalink] 30 Jun 2015, 05:47

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