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Top 10 Idioms , must have in your arsenal

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Top 10 Idioms , must have in your arsenal [#permalink] New post 15 Mar 2013, 23:19
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Hi

I found this very usedful , top 10 . this is from Magoosh.com blog so credits to author , posting for wider consumption .

Require that X be Y

Type (Command Subjunctive ): Bossy verb + that + subject + verb + subject2
Correct: The new regulations require that prospective employees be subjected to rigorous screening.
Incorrect: The new regulations require prospective employees to be subjected to rigorous screening.


Estimate to be

Type (Command Subjunctive : infinite)
Correct: The fossils are estimated to be more than 65 million years old.
Incorrect: The fossils are estimated as more than 65 million years old.


Prohibit X from Y

Correct: The ban will prohibit those without adequate documentation from purchasing guns.
Incorrect: The ban will prohibit those without adequate documentation to purchase handguns.


Believe X to be Y
Type (Command Subjunctive : infinite)
Correct: Astrophysicists believe the recent disturbances in radio transmissions to be a result of solar flares.
Incorrect: Astrophysicists believe that the recent disturbances in radio transmissions to be a result of solar flares.


Consider X Y (no ‘to be’)
Type : Non Infinitives
Correct: Most musicologists consider Joseph Hayden the father of the sonata.
Incorrect: Most musicologists consider Joseph Hayden to be the father of the sonata.
Incorrect: Most musicologists consider Joseph Hayden as the father of the sonata.


X expected to Y
Type : expect and be are same , similar to ' has to be X' is wrong ' be X'
Correct: Tax rates are expected to increase next year.
Incorrect: Tax rates are expected to beincreasing next year.


Not only…but also…
Correct: Idioms are not only difficult to memorize but are also easy to mix up.
Incorrect: Idioms are not only difficult to memorize but are easy to mix up.


Neither…nor…

Correct: Studies show that neither studying alone nor in groups is optimal.
Incorrect: Studies show that neither studying alone or in groups is optimal.


Just as…so too…

Correct: Just as caffeine can boost arousal so too can vigorous walking.
Incorrect: Just as caffeine can boost arousal vigorous walking can also.


Prefer X to Y
Type :
Correct: The blue macaw prefers lush tropical habitats to the dry climate found in the southeastern part of Brazil.
Incorrect: The blue macaw prefers lush tropical habitats over the dry climate found in the southeastern part of Brazil.

Doubt : is 'Prefer X to be Y' correct ? As my ears says its wrong , but why ?
can comeone give gyan on when to use be and when not to use be ?

Orignal Link : http://magoosh.com/gmat/2011/top-ten-mo ... at-idioms/ , all credits to authors
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Re: Top 10 Idioms , must have in your arsenal [#permalink] New post 19 Jun 2014, 23:55
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Top 10 Idioms , must have in your arsenal [#permalink] New post 21 Jun 2014, 02:57
IDIOM Prefer X to Y.
If PREFER is a verb use TO. e.g. They prefer coffee to tea.

If PREFER is a noun use OVER. e.g. Some seniors have a preferred status over juniors.
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Re: Top 10 Idioms , must have in your arsenal [#permalink] New post 22 Jun 2014, 05:41
PLEASE EXPLAIN THESE THREE PROBLEMS URGENTLY !!! :oops: :oops: :oops: :oops: :roll: :roll: :roll: :?: :?: :?:
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Re: Top 10 Idioms , must have in your arsenal   [#permalink] 22 Jun 2014, 05:41
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