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Top college graduates are having more difficulty

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Top college graduates are having more difficulty [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 08:08
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Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Todays employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Todays students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.

(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.

(C) Todays employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.

(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs.

(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree.

Conclusion:Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Reason for the conclusion or evidence - Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Todays employers are less impressed with the honors degree.

Assumption : Employers look at honors when making hiring decision.

The above was my thought process when I picked C. Obviously that not the OA. Cna someone explain what the flaw in my reasoning?
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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 08:17
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B for me.

Quote:
Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class.
-> is the key
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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 08:24
All though not fully convienced i will go with 'A'.
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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 09:31
A

smarter/better population of students is the reason, not grade inflation.
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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 11:02
This was my criteria:

B) I think the reverse of this is true that inflated grades causes too many degrees. Though this one was tempting but after a thought its rejected.
C) This would have been my second choice but this is more of a premise rather than a choice.
D) OOS.
E) OOS. Also is this is a solution and not an assumption. So Rejected.
A) Only one remaining.
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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 12:11
Conclusion: Too many available honors graduate causing grade inflation.

(A) Todays students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago. [ This is not comparison between students – eliminate it]

(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades. [If this is not, the argument falls apart - Hold it]

(C) Todays employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions. [ What employers wants is not directly points to the conclusion – eliminate it]

(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs. [that is true – but not support the argument – eliminate it]

(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree. [But does not support the argument – eliminate it]

Answer: B
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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 12:22
I believe that the conclusion is the other way round i.e.

Grade inflation is causing too many honors graduates.
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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 12:29
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My answer is A. The reason for it is in Red. The reason for not choosing the others is in blue.

goalsnr wrote:
Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Todays employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Todays students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.
If the students have not changed in 20 years, but the grades students receive have changed, then it means the grade system needs to be changed.
(B) Awarding too many honors degrees causes colleges to inflate grades.
This is backwards. Grade inflation causes colleges to award to many honors degrees.
(C) Todays employers rely on honors ranking in making their hiring decisions.
If having an honors degree is no longer enough to distinguish someone from other applicants, then employers cannot rely on honors rankings in making hiring decisions. It does not support the conclusion.
(D) It is not easy for students with low grades to obtain jobs.
Irrelevant
(E) Colleges must make employers aware of the criteria used to determine who receives an honors degree.
This is shifting the burden of action to the employer, rather than the conclusion that the universities should end grade inflation. It does not support the conclusion.

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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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06 Jun 2008, 14:00
Agree with A as well
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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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07 Jun 2008, 06:42
Top college graduates are having more difficulty demonstrating their superiority to prospective employers than did the top students of twenty years ago when an honors degree was distinction enough. Todays employers are less impressed with the honors degree. Twenty years ago no more than 10 percent of a given class graduated with honors. Today, however, because of grade inflation, the honors degree goes to more than 50 percent of a graduating class. Therefore, to restore confidence in the degrees they award, colleges must take steps to control grade inflation.

Which one of the following is an assumption that, if true, would support the conclusion in the passage?

(A) Todays students are not higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago.

Answer. Because the argument indicates grade inflation is causing more honors degrees to be conferred, with everything else remaining equal. This supports the argument by indicating that the level of achievement hasn't changed in students from 20 years ago, as a result something other than their achievement has to be causing them to receive an honors degree. Hence, grade inflation

I believe this answer is rather straightforward if one were to reverse the question and ask themselves which argument weakens the above conclusion.

Today's students are higher achievers than the students of twenty years ago, which would indicate that grade inflation isn't the variable that is causing the high percentage of honors degrees conferred.
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Re: CR-Top college graduates [#permalink]

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09 Jun 2008, 16:48
OA is A
Re: CR-Top college graduates   [#permalink] 09 Jun 2008, 16:48
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