Experts your comments on my approach:Rule tested- Parallelism (ellipsis)
equally likely.... as -> wrong
as likely......as -> correct
So a,b,c - out
d -> as likely that.... as current one-> from parallelism point need THAT
correct option E:
Traffic safety officials predict that drivers will be as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit as they are the current one.
as they are (to exceed) the current (speed limit).
"to exceed" is implied in the second half of the sentence. This is a case of ellipsis in comparison. In this some words omitted from the sentence to make it more concise. Both noun and verb can be omitted. The omitted words should be present in the first part of the sentence in the same form.
Jim's pen is brighter than Alex's (pen). - Correct! ("pen" is implies)
Jim is smarter than Alex (is). - Correct! ("is" is implied)
The omission of a noun for concision is straightforward. Just make sure that the 2 nouns in the sentence can be logically compared. But there are certain exceptions when you are deciding
whether to include a verb in the second half of the sentence.Tense Shift
If the verb tense changes from the first to the second half of the sentence, then the verb must not be omitted in the second half.
· You look more beautiful think year than last year. - Incorrect
· You look more beautiful this year than you did last year.- CorrectMeaning Ambiguity-
Do not omit the verb if doing so will make the sentence’s meaning ambiguous.
I love my dog more than my friend. - Incorrect
Here, the intended meaning could be that I love my dog more than I love my friend, OR
that I love my dog more than my friend does. Since the omission of the verb in the second half of the sentence distorts the meaning, this sentence is incorrect on the GMAT.
I love my dog more than I love my friend.- Correct!
I love my dog more than my friend does.- Correct!
Coming to the option D and E
Option D makes a parallelism error. If we simplify, we get the following structures:
D. Drivers will be
as likely that they will exceed the proposed speed limit
as the current one (speed limit)Comparing a clause with a noun phrase.
E. Drivers will be
as likely to exceed the proposed speed limit
as they are (to exceed )
the current one (speed limit)
Comparing two clauses.
As for the use of "that", both "likely that" and "likely to" are correct.
'Likely that' is correct.
It's likely that+ clause
Likely is often used with it
as a subject
For example: It's likely that I'll be late.
The other usage is with infinitive
be likely to+ infinitive
For example: I'm likely to be late.
Hope this helps!
Thanks for the detailed explanation.