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Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many

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Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2013, 17:12
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00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  55% (hard)

Question Stats:

56% (02:04) correct 44% (01:20) wrong based on 269 sessions
Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many as five hundred passengers and, compared with most automotive forms of transportation, cost consumers less, are better for the environment, cause people less traffic headaches, and offer a much more relaxing travel experience.

Correct answers are:
(A) Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many as five hundred passengers and, compared with most automotive forms of transportation, cost consumers less,

(B) Trains into a metropolitan hub, which hold as many as five hundred passengers, compared with most automotive forms of transportation, they cost consumers less,

(C) Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many as five hundred passengers, in comparison with most automotive forms of transportation, and have a lesser cost for consumers, they

(D) Trains into a metropolitan hub, holding as many as five hundred passengers, compared with most automotive forms of transportation, cost consumers less,

(E) Trains into a metropolitan hub, which hold as many as five hundred passengers, compared with most automotive forms of transportation the cost to consumers is lower, and they


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Re: Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many [#permalink] New post 11 Aug 2013, 23:33
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Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many as five hundred passengers and, compared with most automotive forms of transportation, cost consumers less, are better for the environment, cause people less traffic headaches, and offer a much more relaxing travel experience.

(A) Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many as five hundred passengers and, [compared with most automotive forms of transportation], cost consumers less,
Correct.
- The [....] is modifier.
- The sentence is divided into two parts: Trains into a metropolitan hub (hold as many as ......) and (cost consumer less, are better...., cause....., and offer a much more relaxing....)

(B) Trains into a metropolitan hub, which hold as many as five hundred passengers, compared with most automotive forms of transportation, they cost consumers less,
Wrong.
- "which" modifies "a metropolitan hub" <== wrong
- "compared..." seems to modify the preceding nouns "passengers" <== ambiguous.

(C) Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many as five hundred passengers, in comparison with most automotive forms of transportation, and have a lesser cost for consumers, they
Wrong.
- The red part is very awkward. "and" should be placed before "in comparison...." to make the sentence's meaning clear.

(D) Trains into a metropolitan hub, holding as many as five hundred passengers, compared with most automotive forms of transportation, cost consumers less,
Wrong.
- Meaning problem: "holding as many as...." is Verb-ing modifier that modifies "trains". So the meaning is: ONLY trains holding as many as five hundred passengers cost consumers less. That's wrong. "hold as many as...." is a main character of the trains into a metropolitan hub. These trains always cost consumers less, cause people less traffic headaches, and offer a much more relaxing travel experience even when they are not holding as many as five hundred passengers. ==> the usage of Verb-ing modifier leads to wrong meaning.

(E) Trains into a metropolitan hub, which hold as many as five hundred passengers, compared with most automotive forms of transportation the cost to consumers is lower, and they
Wrong.
- "which" modifies "a metropolitan hub" <== wrong
- "and" should be placed before "compared with...." to make the sentence's meaning clear.

Hope it helps.
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Re: Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many [#permalink] New post 16 Aug 2013, 00:48
One major erratic formation in this sentence is placement of Verb-ed modifier "compared".... In options B D E "compared" seems to modify passengers which is not the intended meaning of the sentence .....So B D E can be eliminated straight away...C can be eliminated on Parallelism issue ..introduction of they in the second parallel element mars parallelism of the sentence ...

Another point i noticed that in options B and E the usage of which is not wrong...."Which" not always modifies the preceding noun...Here the phrase "into a metropolitan hub" is essential to distinguish the train mentioned above from other trains...May be only trains which ply into a metropolitan hub have the capacity to hold five hundred passengers....So if we consider the phrase "into .." vital" for the meaning of sentence ....... "which" is correctly modifying Trains over here ..

So the best option which stands out over here is A which correctly uses " and " before compared .... As they say if we cut out the fluff the option A clearly reads
Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many as five hundred passengers and, compared with most automotive forms of transportation, cost consumers less, are better for the environment, cause people less traffic headaches, and offer a much more relaxing travel experience..
"And" sharing the same subject with consistent verb on left and right..
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Re: Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many [#permalink] New post 21 Aug 2013, 12:55
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Another shortcut pattern you may recognize is that the non-underlined portion of the sentence towards the end consists of action verbs:

"..are better for the environment, cause people less traffic headaches, and offer a much more relaxing travel experience."


ARE, CAUSE, and OFFER

So the verb we need is COST

From this analysis alone, you can eliminate (B) and (E).

So if, for whatever reason, you are stuck on the analysis of the first part of the sentence, you should know that even focusing on the verb pattern alone can eliminate 2 answer choices.
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Re: Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many [#permalink] New post 21 Oct 2013, 04:17
can you explain what is the role of this

"are better for the environment"

isn't it not connected properly in the sentence ?
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Re: Trains into a metropolitan hub hold as many   [#permalink] 21 Oct 2013, 04:17
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