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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories

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Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2009, 15:31
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

50% (01:21) correct 50% (00:01) wrong based on 5 sessions
Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and
landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who became the
first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to
win the Nobel Prize for Literature.
A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life
and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who
became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win
B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the
peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in
1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won
C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in
1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning
D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about
the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in
1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win
E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909
becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won

[Reveal] Spoiler:
OA:D

a. "was" the novelist..passive...eliminate
b. "she" is too far from selma..eliminate.
c. passive eliminate
d. akward
e. my choice

Please explain guys

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Re: Selma Lagerlöf [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2009, 16:05
close call between C and D, choose D...in C, the and/parallelism structure is incorrectly used...

not A because what is turning away describing?

not B because who is she referring to in the first section...

not E because becoming...incorrect usage i think...
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Re: Selma Lagerlöf [#permalink] New post 25 Aug 2009, 23:54
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A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life
and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who
became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

This answer choice presents two problems.
First "Selma Lagerlof" has to be after the comma because the modifier Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden refers to her.

Second who became the first woman is not parallel to was also the first Swedish

B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the
peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in
1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won the Nobel Prize for Literature

that cannot refer to people.
In addition in coordination a pronoun in the first clause cannot have cataphoric reference to a noun phrase in the second clause; However I'm not sure whether GMAT tests this problem.
I don't like the parallelism either

C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in
1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning the Nobel Prize for Literature

not parallelism with the clause who.
winning the Nobel Prize for Literature sounds really awkward. I'm not sure whether this is unidiomatic

D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about
the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in
1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

I don't see any problems with this one. Correct.

E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909
becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won

I think this generates a run-on/fragment sentence because we don't have either a subordinator or coordinator to join both clauses

[Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden]
and
[in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won]

Also that cannot refer to people
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Re: Selma Lagerlöf [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2009, 00:10
I got D too..but i could do it in a mins time... pls comment on the my thinking?


That won seems akward to me ....it shuld be whu won... so eliminate b, e

Winning and in addition to in C is not idiomatic....

between A and D ...A has improper structure...

Modifier in the starting not modifying the noun rather modifying IN 1990....

IMO D
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Re: Selma Lagerlöf [#permalink] New post 26 Aug 2009, 02:32
IMO D.

A is too long winded and unnecessary use of "ing".

B. it's unclear who is being discussed in the first half.

C. "winning" at the end of the sentence doesn't fit in

E. Doesn't quite flow as well.
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Re: Selma Lagerlöf [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 10:35
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mikeCoolBoy wrote:
A. Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life
and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909 Selma Lagerlöf was the novelist who
became the first woman and was also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

This answer choice presents two problems.
First "Selma Lagerlof" has to be after the comma because the modifier Turning away from literary realism to write romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden refers to her.

Second who became the first woman is not parallel to was also the first Swedish

B. She turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the
peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and novelist Selma Lagerlöf in
1909 became the first woman as well as the first Swedish writer that won the Nobel Prize for Literature

that cannot refer to people.
In addition in coordination a pronoun in the first clause cannot have cataphoric reference to a noun phrase in the second clause; However I'm not sure whether GMAT tests this problem.
I don't like the parallelism either

C. Selma Lagerlöf was a novelist who turned away from literary realism to write
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, and in
1909 she became the first woman in addition to the first Swedish writer winning the Nobel Prize for Literature

not parallelism with the clause who.
winning the Nobel Prize for Literature sounds really awkward. I'm not sure whether this is unidiomatic

D. A novelist who turned away from literary realism to write romantic stories about
the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, Selma Lagerlöf became in
1909 the first woman and also the first Swedish writer to win the Nobel Prize for Literature

I don't see any problems with this one. Correct.

E. As a novelist, Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote
romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden, in 1909
becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won

I think this generates a run-on/fragment sentence because we don't have either a subordinator or coordinator to join both clauses

[Selma Lagerlöf turned away from literary realism and wrote romantic stories about the peasant life and landscape of northern Sweden]
and
[in 1909 becoming the first woman and also the first Swedish writer that won]

Also that cannot refer to people


Nice explanation!! +1 for you!! :)

It needs to be explained though!!
[/quote]In addition in coordination a pronoun in the first clause cannot have cataphoric reference to a noun phrase in the second clause; However I'm not sure whether GMAT tests this problem. [/quote]

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Re: Selma Lagerlöf [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 11:08
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Hussain15

In coordination (and, but, or), you shouldn't use a cataphoric reference.
Consider this example

She felt ill, but my mother said nothing.

In principle she cannot refer to mother here, whereas in subordination this is possible.

Although she felt ill, my mother said nothing.

IMO you can forget about this since I don't think is tested on GMAT
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Re: Selma Lagerlöf [#permalink] New post 27 Aug 2009, 11:48
mikeCoolBoy wrote:
Hussain15

In coordination (and, but, or), you shouldn't use a cataphoric reference.
Consider this example

She felt ill, but my mother said nothing.

In principle she cannot refer to mother here, whereas in subordination this is possible.

Although she felt ill, my mother said nothing.

IMO you can forget about this since I don't think is tested on GMAT



Thanks for the response!! Got it now!! :)

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Re: Selma Lagerlöf   [#permalink] 27 Aug 2009, 11:48
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