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Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each

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Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2013, 15:53
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Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each other on a track of length 4000 meters. The race ends in a tie as both cars finish the race in exactly the same time. However at first when the race starts the Black car moves 50% faster than the Blue car. The Blue car then quickened its pace and for the remaining distance moved 50% faster than the Black car. When the Blue car quickened its pace what distance had it already covered?

(A) 1200 meters
(B) 1600 meters
(C) 2400 meters
(D) 2800 meters
(E) 3000 meters

is there a way to solve it without equation ?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2013, 19:24
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I think the answer is 1600 meters.

I have attached the solution I wrote down, so that you can understand the steps :- Hope it helps! :)

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Re: Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each [#permalink] New post 02 Oct 2013, 20:03
Thanks ... both the question and solution are good!
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Re: Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each [#permalink] New post 26 Nov 2013, 16:17
guerrero25 wrote:
Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each other on a track of length 4000 meters. The race ends in a tie as both cars finish the race in exactly the same time. However at first when the race starts the Black car moves 50% faster than the Blue car. The Blue car then quickened its pace and for the remaining distance moved 50% faster than the Black car. When the Blue car quickened its pace what distance had it already covered?

(A) 1200 meters
(B) 1600 meters
(C) 2400 meters
(D) 2800 meters
(E) 3000 meters

is there a way to solve it without equation ?


Any experts opinions on how to solve this one faster?
Maybe Karishma can provide some insight on as to how to solve this with ratios @Karishma

Cheers!
J :)
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Re: Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each [#permalink] New post 27 Nov 2013, 05:04
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Expert's post
guerrero25 wrote:
Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each other on a track of length 4000 meters. The race ends in a tie as both cars finish the race in exactly the same time. However at first when the race starts the Black car moves 50% faster than the Blue car. The Blue car then quickened its pace and for the remaining distance moved 50% faster than the Black car. When the Blue car quickened its pace what distance had it already covered?

(A) 1200 meters
(B) 1600 meters
(C) 2400 meters
(D) 2800 meters
(E) 3000 meters

is there a way to solve it without equation ?


At first when the race starts the Black car moves 50% (3/2) faster than the Blue car:
The Black car covers 3/2 the distance of the Blue car.

After the Blue car quickens and moves 50% (3/2) faster than the Black car:
The Blue car covers 3/2 the distance of the Black car.

Plug-in the options:
(C) if the Blue covered 2400 meters before it quickened, then the Black car covered 2400*3/2=3600 meters. The remaining distance covered by the Black car is then 400-3600=400, thus the Blue car covered 400*3/2=600. Total distance covered by the Blue car 2400+600=3000, which is less than the actual distance of 4000 meters.

This means that the Blue car must have quickened earlier then 2400 meters.

Check (B):
If the Blue covered 1600 meters before it quickened, then the Black car covered 1600*3/2=2400 meters. The remaining distance covered by the Black car is then 400-2400=1600, thus the Blue car covered 1600*3/2=2400. Total distance covered by the Blue car 1600+2400=4000. Bingo!

Answer: B.

Hope it's clear.
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Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each [#permalink] New post 01 Apr 2014, 10:27
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Much easier way to solve this problem:

Let's say the blue car traveled x meters at the first speed; then the Black car traveled 1.5x, meaning the black car needs to travel 4000 - 1.5x, during which the blue car travels (4000 - 1.5x)(1.5).

Therefore, the total distance traveled by the blue car = x + (4000 - 1.5x)(1.5) = 4000

x+ 6000 - 9x/4 = 4000

2000 = 5x/4

x =1600 meters.

Answer: B

Last edited by speedilly on 14 Jul 2014, 05:36, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each [#permalink] New post 01 Apr 2014, 20:39
Expert's post
jlgdr wrote:
guerrero25 wrote:
Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each other on a track of length 4000 meters. The race ends in a tie as both cars finish the race in exactly the same time. However at first when the race starts the Black car moves 50% faster than the Blue car. The Blue car then quickened its pace and for the remaining distance moved 50% faster than the Black car. When the Blue car quickened its pace what distance had it already covered?

(A) 1200 meters
(B) 1600 meters
(C) 2400 meters
(D) 2800 meters
(E) 3000 meters

is there a way to solve it without equation ?


Any experts opinions on how to solve this one faster?
Maybe Karishma can provide some insight on as to how to solve this with ratios @Karishma

Cheers!
J :)


Yes, you can do it with the use of ratios and weighted average formula. In race questions, make a diagram.
Attachment:
Ques3.jpg
Ques3.jpg [ 8.99 KiB | Viewed 711 times ]

For some distance, ratio of speeds is Black: Blue = 3:2 (Speed of black car is 3x and that of Blue is 2x)
For rest of the distance, ratio is Black:Blue = 3:4.5 (Speed of black is still 3x, that of blue is 4.5x)
Note that they tie so the average speed of blue car is 3x. (the constant speed with which it should have run to cover the same distance in same time)

Ratio of time taken in first part and second part = t1/t2 = (4.5 - 3)/(3 - 2) = 3:2 (the weights in case of average speed is always time, not distance)

Ratio of distance covered in first part and second part will be inverse i.e. 2:3 (think from the perspective of the black car which has constant speed)

So distance covered in first part of journey = (2/5)*4000 = 1600

Answer (B)

P.S. - If you are looking for directions from me, pm me the link to ensure that I see the question.
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Re: Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each [#permalink] New post 03 Apr 2014, 10:23
First: We know that the Black Car starts 50% faster than the Blue car. Lets traduce this into variables:
Rate Blue Car: x
Rate Black Car: (3/2)*x

Second: The Blue car quickened its pace and for the remaining distance moved 50% faster than the Black car.
NEW Rate Blue Car: (3/2)*(3/2)x = (9/4)*x
Rate Black Car: (3/2)*x

Note tha Rate of the Black Car remains constant over the entire race.

Third: We know that the race end in a tie so both cars took the same time to complete the 4000 meters. Knowing this we can equal the Time that each car took.
Time=Distance/Rate

Time Black Car: (4000/(3/2)*x)
Time Blue Car: (y/x + (4000-y))/ (9/4)*x
Time Black Car= Time Blue Car
Note you can eliminate the x in the denominator.
Answer:
y=1600
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Re: Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each [#permalink] New post 28 Jun 2014, 06:12
Another way to solve the problem:

x = distance covered by blue car before it picked up pace (this is what is asked for)
Total distance = 4000

For distance x, let Blue car's speed = 40
So, Black car's speed = 60 (1.5 * 40 - 50% more than blue car's speed)
For distance 4000 - x, Blue car's speed = 90 (1.5 * 60 - 50% more than black car's speed)

Since both blue and black car reach at the same time, time taken by blue car = time taken by black car
x/40 + (4000-x)/90 = 4000/60

Solving for x, x = 1600
Re: Two cars painted Black and Blue are racing against each   [#permalink] 28 Jun 2014, 06:12
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