Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided

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Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2012, 18:53
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Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided to tighten controls on the release of certain toxic chemicals, including benzene, formaldehyde, and other carcinogens, by chemical plants. The stated purpose of this proposal is to reduce cancers caused by air pollution. Yet, the chemical industry, rather than the government, is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the proposal. If the past actions of certain polluters in the chemical industry are any indication of future behavior, the net result of the new proposal will be an increase, rather than a decrease, in carcinogens released into the air.

The author is arguing that ____.

A) no chemical companies can be trusted to follow the clean air proposal
b) the chemical industry is responsible for releasing the majority of carcinogens into the air
c) allowing self-monitoring for the new clean air proposal will result in the opposite of its intended consequence
d) to ensure effective implementation, the government should always monitor the execution of its proposals
e) benzene and formaldehyde are two of the most hazardous cancer-causing chemicals

[Reveal] Spoiler:
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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03 Sep 2012, 09:48
GetThisDone wrote:
Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided to tighten controls on the
release of certain toxic chemicals, including benzene, formaldehyde, and other carcinogens,
by chemical plants. The stated purpose of this proposal is to reduce cancers caused by air
pollution. Yet, the chemical industry, rather than the government, is responsible for
monitoring the implementation of the proposal. If the past actions of certain polluters in the
chemical industry are any indication of future behavior, the net result of the new proposal
will be an increase, rather than a decrease, in carcinogens released into the air. The author is
arguing that ____.
A) no chemical companies can be trusted to follow the clean air proposal
b) the chemical industry is responsible for releasing the majority of carcinogens into the air
c) allowing self-monitoring for the new clean air proposal will result in the opposite of its
intended consequence
d) to ensure effective implementation, the government should always monitor the execution of
its proposals
e) benzene and formaldehyde are two of the most hazardous cancer-causing chemicals

I was tied b/w option C & D.
Option C states the event of "intent going opposite" WILL happen instead of "could" happen. It ignores the if-then condition(in stimulus) and jumps to "then" part.

So why C could be correct?

If the author goes in the similar sense then option D should also be correct.

Can anyone help by explaining this question?
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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2012, 03:55
navigator123 wrote:
GetThisDone wrote:
Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided to tighten controls on the
release of certain toxic chemicals, including benzene, formaldehyde, and other carcinogens,
by chemical plants. The stated purpose of this proposal is to reduce cancers caused by air
pollution. Yet, the chemical industry, rather than the government, is responsible for
monitoring the implementation of the proposal. If the past actions of certain polluters in the
chemical industry are any indication of future behavior, the net result of the new proposal
will be an increase, rather than a decrease, in carcinogens released into the air. The author is
arguing that ____.
A) no chemical companies can be trusted to follow the clean air proposal
b) the chemical industry is responsible for releasing the majority of carcinogens into the air
c) allowing self-monitoring for the new clean air proposal will result in the opposite of its
intended consequence
d) to ensure effective implementation, the government should always monitor the execution of
its proposals
e) benzene and formaldehyde are two of the most hazardous cancer-causing chemicals

I was tied b/w option C & D.
Option C states the event of "intent going opposite" WILL happen instead of "could" happen. It ignores the if-then condition(in stimulus) and jumps to "then" part.

So why C could be correct?

If the author goes in the similar sense then option D should also be correct.

Can anyone help by explaining this question?

c) allowing self-monitoring for the new clean air proposal will result in the opposite of its intended consequence --> as the argument talks about self monitoring and if implementation is given to chemical industry we will have more carcinogens released in air. This aptly answers the question.

d) to ensure effective implementation, the government should always monitor the execution of its proposals--> to extreme and uses strong words .. so it cannot be correct
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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2012, 06:52
navigator123 wrote:
GetThisDone wrote:
Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided to tighten controls on the
release of certain toxic chemicals, including benzene, formaldehyde, and other carcinogens,
by chemical plants. The stated purpose of this proposal is to reduce cancers caused by air
pollution. Yet, the chemical industry, rather than the government, is responsible for
monitoring the implementation of the proposal. If the past actions of certain polluters in the
chemical industry are any indication of future behavior, the net result of the new proposal
will be an increase, rather than a decrease, in carcinogens released into the air. The author is
arguing that ____.
A) no chemical companies can be trusted to follow the clean air proposal
b) the chemical industry is responsible for releasing the majority of carcinogens into the air
c) allowing self-monitoring for the new clean air proposal will result in the opposite of its
intended consequence
d) to ensure effective implementation, the government should always monitor the execution of
its proposals
e) benzene and formaldehyde are two of the most hazardous cancer-causing chemicals

I was tied b/w option C & D.
Option C states the event of "intent going opposite" WILL happen instead of "could" happen. It ignores the if-then condition(in stimulus) and jumps to "then" part.

So why C could be correct?

If the author goes in the similar sense then option D should also be correct.

Can anyone help by explaining this question?

First of all, this is a CR question not an SC. (Just kidding)

You must flow with the stem while reading the options. Here the author is ARGUING, arguing what? Something which is given in the stem, what is given in the stem? not option D(to ensure effective implementation, the government should always monitor the execution of its proposals) but our answer i.e. option C (allowing self-monitoring for the new clean air proposal will result in the opposite of its intended consequence) by stating that "If the past actions of certain polluters in the
chemical industry are any indication of future behavior, the net result of the new proposal will be an increase, rather than a decrease, in carcinogens released into the air"

Hope this helps !

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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2012, 13:35
As the question stem says, the net result of the new proposal will be an increase, rather than a decrease, in carcinogens, when earlier it says that the purpose of the proposal is to reduce cancers caused by air pollution. So C is the correct answer, since the stem is arguing that the proposal will achieve the opposite of its purpose.

As for the other answer choices, the argument is about the effectiveness of the clean air proposal, so B and E are not right. Nor is the argument about what proportion of chemical companies will comply with the proposal, so A is not right. And the argument is specifically about self-monitoring among chemical plant polluters, and not about self-monitoring in general, so D is not right.
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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2012, 20:04
I don't think the author in anywhere has said the chemical companies are untrustworthy. His concern is only about their self-monitoring. So "A", "B", "D" and "E" are out.

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Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2013, 14:33
Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided to tighten controls on the release of certain toxic chemicals, including benzene, formaldehyde, and other carcinogens, by chemical plants. The stated purpose of this proposal is to reduce cancers caused by air pollution. Yet, the chemical industry, rather than the government, is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the proposal. If the past actions of certain polluters in the chemical industry are any indication of future behavior, the net result of the new proposal will be an increase, rather than a decrease, in carcinogens released into the air.

The author is arguing that ____.
(A)no chemical companies can be trusted to follow the clean air proposal
(B)the chemical industry is responsible for releasing the majority of carcinogens into the air
(C)allowing self-monitoring for the new clean air proposal will result in the opposite of its intended consequence
(D)to ensure effective implementation, the government should always monitor the execution of its proposals
(E)benzene and formaldehyde are two of the most hazardous cancer-causing chemicals
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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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06 Mar 2013, 18:08
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Hi mun

1) this is not an assumtpion question, because based on two things (the word that at the and of the question stem ND the mood of the question) this is NOT an assumption question but rather an INFERENCE or MUST BE TRUE question.

2) I suggest you to to go to this topic and go step-by-step throughout the post to improve you Cr skills

best-critical-reasoning-shortcuts-notes-tips-91280.html

This is because if on one hand is useful to post here you questions (we are happy to help you) on the other hand if you do not take control, if you do not have the tools to crack the questions (i. e. study a lot) you do not have a clear compass about: where you go, how attack the question, an efficient strategy to use, and so on....I hope you know what I mean

Now back to the question

Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided to tighten controls on the release of certain toxic chemicals, including benzene, formaldehyde, and other carcinogens, by chemical plants.

Ok here we have a fact that the governement wants to make effective

The stated purpose of this proposal is to reduce cancers caused by air pollution. Yet, the chemical industry, rather than the government, is responsible for monitoring the implementation of the proposal.

here we have the purpose of the proposal and the fact that the industry itself should control the implementation of a plan

If the past actions of certain polluters in the chemical industry are any indication of future behavior, the net result of the new proposal will be an increase, rather than a decrease, in carcinogens released into the air.

basically here is stated this: IF the industry control all the situation we will not have benefits; the opposite: we will have worst effects. So from this we can deduce that the industry is not able to do nothing by itself(in a few words)

The author is arguing that ____.

(INFERNCE)

(A)no chemical companies can be trusted to follow the clean air proposal

too extreme as answer and we are not completely sure of this

(B)the chemical industry is responsible for releasing the majority of carcinogens into the air

(C)allowing self-monitoring for the new clean air proposal will result in the opposite of its intended consequence

This is what, precisely, I said in the stimulus. The industry, if it pursues the implementation of the proposal , then the same is not able to do nothing without the engagement of the gov. perfect. correct

(D)to ensure effective implementation, the government should always monitor the execution of its proposals

Is not what we care about. the goverment

(E)benzene and formaldehyde are two of the most hazardous cancer-causing chemicals

The chemicals are not our concern

C is indeed the correct answer

Hope this helps you to comprehend better the whole situation
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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2013, 19:20
All duplicate threads on this topic have been merged.

Please check and follow the Guidelines for Posting in Verbal GMAT forum before posting anything.
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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2013, 03:12
I was also stuck between C and D can there be a better explanation?
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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2015, 04:10
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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2015, 15:17
Question stem states that Author ARGUES that..

C is the author's argument

If stem states that Author PROPOSES that... Then D will be the option..
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Re: Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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12 Mar 2016, 04:59
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided [#permalink]

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08 Apr 2016, 21:21

A) . no chemical companies can be trusted to follow the clean air proposal

NO is too extreme, even if one company is not following the guidelines it may result in the net overall increase.

Moreover, TRUST is out of scope.

b) the chemical industry is responsible for releasing the majority of carcinogens into the air

MAJORITY: we dont know the percentage contribution of chemical industries in the release of carcinogens. Might be true but not always.

c) allowing self-monitoring for the new clean air proposal will result in the opposite of its intended consequence

This seems alright. However, will could be replaced by may.

d) to ensure effective implementation, the government should always monitor the execution of its proposals

PROPOSALS: We are only concerned with New clean air proposal. The statement can not be generalized for all proposals.

e) benzene and formaldehyde are two of the most hazardous cancer-causing chemicals

MOST : We dont know the extent of the hazard associated with Benzene and Formaldehyde. Might be true
Under a new clean air proposal, the government has decided   [#permalink] 08 Apr 2016, 21:21
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