Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Under a provision of constitution that was never applied,

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Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 09:21
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Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, congress has been required to call a convention for possible amendments to document when asked about it.

can someone explain if above sentence is right or wrong ? what it refers to ?



Sales of United States manufactured goods to non-industrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
C) 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure
D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: it as pronoun. [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 10:13
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Quote:
Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, congress has been required to call a convention for possible amendments to document when asked about it.

can someone explain if above sentence is right or wrong ? what it refers to ?

The use of "it" is correct and "it" here refers to the act/cause of calling the convention.

Quote:
Sales of United States manufactured goods to non-industrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
C) 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure
D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure

The answer is E.
The use of "which" is wrong because "which" must always modify the noun it follows. So, A and B are out.
C is out because you need to define the "14 percent" by stating what it is.
D is eliminated because the correct adjective to be used in this context is "higher" rather than "more".
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Re: it as pronoun. [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 11:43
As said above, Using which is wrong there.
more is wrong there
sale, an amount that ... is right.

therefore, E
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Re: it as pronoun. [#permalink]

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New post 15 Oct 2010, 18:52
shrive555 wrote:
Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, congress has been required to call a convention for possible amendments to document when asked about it.

can someone explain if above sentence is right or wrong ? what it refers to ?

It here can refer to the following - "document", "congress", "the provision", "convention".

Shrive555 you also did not write this sentence properly (if your intention was to pick it up as it is in the OG). it should be "the document" not "to document". the former is a noun and the later is a verb infinitive. and changes the meaning of the sentence altogether. So the sentence above can be interpreted in a way where the congress document the amendments and not amend the document.
IT can be used to replace a noun only not an action. So in the above sentence the usage of IT is not appropriate as it can refers to multiple things.

shrive555 wrote:
Sales of United States manufactured goods to non-industrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
C) 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure
D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure


this is a good one and a kudos to you for that. I learnt something from this.

Last edited by hemanthp on 17 Oct 2010, 23:06, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: it as pronoun. [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2010, 20:58
Heman: that is what i sorted out first that IT refers to multiple of things, but then i thought may be i am wrong. Thanks for your explanation
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Re: it as pronoun. [#permalink]

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New post 17 Oct 2010, 23:12
wht about the first sentence.... I agree with the 2nd ans ..E
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Re: it as pronoun. [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2011, 03:12
shekharvineet wrote:
Quote:
Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, congress has been required to call a convention for possible amendments to document when asked about it.

can someone explain if above sentence is right or wrong ? what it refers to ?

The use of "it" is correct and "it" here refers to the act/cause of calling the convention.

Quote:
Sales of United States manufactured goods to non-industrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
C) 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure
D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure

The answer is E.
The use of "which" is wrong because "which" must always modify the noun it follows. So, A and B are out.
C is out because you need to define the "14 percent" by stating what it is.
D is eliminated because the correct adjective to be used in this context is "higher" rather than "more".


My reason for eliminating D is not the usage of 'more' but because of incorrect comparison. D compares money with a year whereas by using possessive noun, E correctly compares money with money. Any objections?
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Re: Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, [#permalink]

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New post 31 Dec 2011, 07:07
In correct use of which. A, B out.
C has reference error.
D use of more is wrong.
E.
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Re: Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2013, 09:36
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Re: Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, [#permalink]

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New post 13 Aug 2015, 11:23
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, [#permalink]

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New post 27 Aug 2015, 00:12
shrive555 wrote:
Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, congress has been required to call a convention for possible amendments to document when asked about it.

can someone explain if above sentence is right or wrong ? what it refers to ?



Sales of United States manufactured goods to non-industrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
C) 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure
D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure


C is wrong because 14 percent can not jump over "in 1992" which is adverb, not modifier of the noun to which 14 percetn modify

am I correct?
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Re: Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, [#permalink]

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New post 06 Sep 2015, 00:19
shrive555 wrote:
Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, congress has been required to call a convention for possible amendments to document when asked about it.

can someone explain if above sentence is right or wrong ? what it refers to ?



Sales of United States manufactured goods to non-industrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
C) 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure
D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure


a point is tested many times on gmat but no full explantion is given

this point is very hard for non native like me.

in spoken English we say: 167 billion is too much for me. in this case. 167 billion is used as a noun. however, in written English or in the logic think specialized for gmat, the number can not work as a noun. this point of grammar is not expressed in grammar books and the explanation in og is not adequate, a situation make the tons of smart persons fail on gmat

that why we need, "amount" . E is left.
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Re: Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, [#permalink]

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New post 20 Sep 2016, 05:50
shrive555 wrote:
Under a provision of constitution that was never applied, congress has been required to call a convention for possible amendments to document when asked about it.

can someone explain if above sentence is right or wrong ? what it refers to ?



Sales of United States manufactured goods to non-industrialized countries rose to $167 billion in 1992, which is 14 percent more than the previous year and largely offsets weak demand from Europe and Japan.

A) which is 14 percent more than the previous year
B) which is 14 percent higher than it was the previous year
C) 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure
D) an amount that is 14 percent more than the previous year was
E) an amount that is 14 percent higher than the previous year's figure


we can eliminate A and B right away because the relative pronoun "which" is used incorrectly.
in C - 14% higher is what? the year? or the sales? not clear. out.
between D and E, in D we have a classic error - we compare the sales from one year to A YEAR! this is incorrect. D is out.
E is the best here, as it uses correctly noun+noun modifier to link the amount to the "sales". the comparison is used correctly as well - sales to previous year's figure.

E it is!
Re: Under a provision of constitution that was never applied,   [#permalink] 20 Sep 2016, 05:50
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