Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most

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Manager
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Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2013, 11:58
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Question Stats:

71% (01:25) correct 29% (00:35) wrong based on 118 sessions

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Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most stable form of pure carbon, changes into
the substance commonly referred to as diamond and remaining this way whether or not the heat
and pressure are removed.
A. remaining this way whether or not
B. remaining like that even as
C. remaining as such whether or not
D. remains in this way although
E. remains thus even when
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2013, 13:59
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Darmody wrote:
Hi I have read the OA is E, can somebody explain what is the exact meaning of "thus" and when it can be used ?

Hi Darmody,

Your question is very much justified; this usage of "thus" is rare. Usually it is used to mark a conclusion, but in this sentence it is used to express the present state of something; "in this way".

"Thus" is used in this sentence to expresses the present state of the transformed graphite, i.e. diamond.

To put it in simpler word you can replace "thus" with "in this way"

So the choice can be reworded as - remains in this way even

You may use "thus" as a replacement of "in this way" or "the same way"

As an example:

Mary is extremely sad and is expected to remain thus until she hears some good news. --> You may replace "thus" with "in this way" and the meaning would remain the same.

Vercules
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Re: Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite [#permalink]

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16 Feb 2013, 12:44
graphite changes into
( X= the substance commonly referred to as diamond ) and .............

clearing the maze, the stem somewhat reduces to :

graphite CHANGES into X...........AND.........

for sake of parallelism what shld come after AND: guess REMAINS; thus A B C are chopped

bxn D n E :

D : remains in this way.........although heat is removed : some intutive thinking, diff to choose bxn even though n although; but IN THIS WAY ?????? IN WHAT WAY????? not very clear Eliminated

E : remains thus......................even though heat is removed : graphite changes to X and remains THUS ie in X form, clear n simple

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Re: Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2013, 01:23
sujit2k7 wrote:
Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most stable form of pure carbon, changes into
the substance commonly referred to as diamond and remaining this way whether or not the heat
and pressure are removed.
A. remaining this way whether or not
B. remaining like that even as
C. remaining as such whether or not
D. remains in this way although
E. remains thus even when

Type : Parallelism - changes.....remains...Only two option (D & E) has this.

I have read in OG. "thus" is concise & better way to say "in this way". Therefore, E.
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Re: Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite [#permalink]

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17 Feb 2013, 01:27
Should be E.. Remains thus even when
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Re: Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most [#permalink]

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22 Feb 2013, 13:44
Hi I have read the OA is E, can somebody explain what is the exact meaning of "thus" and when it can be used ?
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Re: Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2013, 10:21
vercules,
Can you please explain why the use of although is wrong in this sentence...
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Re: Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most [#permalink]

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11 Mar 2013, 13:04
skamal7 wrote:
vercules,
Can you please explain why the use of although is wrong in this sentence...

Hi skamal7,

Putting into simple words, you use "although" when you are stating facts that happened or happening. "even when" is usually used when you want to express a hypothetical condition or a habit.

I go to school although it is raining.-->

Incorrect, "I go to school" expresses a habit, where as "although" is expressing a fact, i.e. "it is raining". The question under discussion presents the quality of graphite/ diamond. This is a general truth and in its use of although in (D) the sentence incorrectly means that this one time "heat and pressure are removed" and diamond remains in its current state. However, this does not expresses a general quality properly. The sentence's actual meaning is that diamond will retain its state while and even after removing heat and pressure. The removal of heat and pressure has not happened, it may or may not happen thus it is hypothetical. The use of "even if" would also be correct in this case.

I am going to school, although it is raining. -->

Correct, two facts are being expressed "going to school" and "it is raining".

I go to school even when it is raining. -->

Better, the sentence means that "I will go to school whether it rains or not" is it raining right not? may be or may not be (hypothetical).

I go to school even when it rains. -->

Best, now the sentence expresses a habit, using simple present verbs "go" and "rains".

Hope this helps,

Vercules
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Re: Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most [#permalink]

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10 Oct 2014, 12:37
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Re: Under high pressure and intense heat, graphite, the most   [#permalink] 10 Oct 2014, 12:37
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