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United Energy recently invested in a series of large

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United Energy recently invested in a series of large [#permalink] New post 07 May 2013, 12:43
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United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns. However, United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals. Recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity have some experts questioning the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.

The two boldfaced portions play which of the following roles?

(A) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question.
(B) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion.
(C) The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion.
(D) The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion.
(E) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil [#permalink] New post 07 May 2013, 15:58
plese provide OA...with explanation
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil [#permalink] New post 07 May 2013, 16:03
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil [#permalink] New post 07 May 2013, 20:47
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Is the answer C? :shock:

greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. Because any drilling would disrupt the native habitat of certain marine species in the area, some environmentalists assert that, by foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns.

I think the second boldface is what the environmentalists concluded from the situation. The first boldface supports this because it says United Energy could have earned more profits.

(A) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second calls that conclusion into question. -> Not true.
(B) The first states the conclusion of the argument; the second supports that conclusion. -> The first is not the conclusion of the argument.
(C) The first supports the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second states that conclusion. -> Yes
(D) The first states the environmentalists’ conclusion; the second provides a consideration in support of that conclusion. -> This is reverse of C.
(E) The first supports the conclusion of the argument; the second also supports the conclusion of the argument. -> Not true. The argument ends with a question mark over the motivation behind not pursuing the drilling of oil wells.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil [#permalink] New post 07 May 2013, 23:04
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(1) Fact: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area. Even though, greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells
(2) Environmentalist's conclusion: United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns.
(3) Author's conclusion: United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals

Author's conclusion is KEY. It is the main conclusion of the argument. It states that UE acts for profit not for environment as Environmentalists thought.
Because UE used to drill oil wells in the past because greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. That clearly supports the main conclusion.
The second bold part, however, maintains that UE acts for environment, not for profit. That calls the main conclusion into question.

I will go for A.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil [#permalink] New post 08 May 2013, 03:56
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Analysis of passage
1. United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills which are able to produce renewable energy with minimal negative effect to the environment.
2. United Energy has not drilled oil wells in the same area, even though greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells.
3. Environmentalist’s conclusion: By foregoing this drilling, United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns.
4. Author’s conclusion: United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals as oil wells are not profitable in long term in the area.
Pre thinking:

Author’s conclusion (which is also conclusion of the argument) : United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals.
Author’s support to his conclusion: To support his conclusion author is citing recent patterns of increasing annual hurricane activity which some experts believe will affect the long-term viability and profitability of oil wells in the area.

Environmentalist conclusion: United Energy places environmental impact over financial returns
Environmentalist support to his conclusion: Environmentalist is supporting his conclusion by citing the fact that united energy has opted for windmills instead of drilling oil wells although greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells.


So the first bold is definitely not conclusion of the argument and nor is it supporting the conclusion of the argument. It is actually supporting the environmentalist conclusion as stated in pre thinking above. The second bold face is the environmentalist conclusion.

Hence C is the answer

Note that it is important to segregate between Author's and Environmentalist conclusion in this question and once that is done it becomes easier to relate between conclusion and supporting reasons.
Hope this Helps.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil [#permalink] New post 08 May 2013, 09:32
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OE

Quote:
The argument concludes that United Energy may be acting in a manner
consistent with reaching its financial goals. However, this conclusion must be
distinguished from the assertion of the environmentalists described in the
question - that the actions taken by United Energy indicate that the company is
putting environmental concerns ahead of financial returns. The answer choices
may consider either the author's conclusion (which is considered the overall
conclusion) or the conclusion asserted by the environmentalists (which is
considered the opposing opinion).

This is an Analyze the Argument Structure question. The best approach is to
consider each boldface in turn.

(A) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion that United
Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals; the second
does not call the conclusion into question as much as state its opposite.
(B) The first boldface does not state the conclusion of the argument; the second
boldface does not support the conclusion of the main argument, which is that
United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals.
(C) CORRECT. The first boldface supports the environmentalists’ conclusion that
United Energy is acting in a manner that places environmental impact ahead of
financial returns. The second boldface states this conclusion.
(D) The first boldface is a relationship that does support the environmentalists'
conclusion; however, the second states this conclusion, and does not undermine
it.
(E) The first boldface does not support the author's conclusion, which is that
United Energy may be acting in its financial interest; the second boldface also
does not support this conclusion.

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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil [#permalink] New post 31 Oct 2013, 03:28
pqhai wrote:
(1) Fact: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmills. The company has not drilled oil wells in the same area. Even though, greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells
(2) Environmentalist's conclusion: United Energy has established that it places environmental impact over financial returns.
(3) Author's conclusion: United Energy may be acting in a manner consistent with its financial goals

Author's conclusion is KEY. It is the main conclusion of the argument. It states that UE acts for profit not for environment as Environmentalists thought.
Because UE used to drill oil wells in the past because greater revenues and profits could be generated from oil wells. That clearly supports the main conclusion.
The second bold part, however, maintains that UE acts for environment, not for profit. That calls the main conclusion into question.

I will go for A.



I could easily eliminate A B and E, stuck between C and E.
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Re: United Energy recently invested in a series of large windmil   [#permalink] 31 Oct 2013, 03:28
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