Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames

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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames [#permalink]

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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the
records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames [#permalink]

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New post 03 Nov 2012, 03:01
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"that" when used with "of" creates a possessive pronoun that needs to refer to some characterstic of the earlier studies, rather than the studies themselves. Additionally, it would be very rare to use "that of" when referring to a plural noun - we would usually use "those of". "that of" would only be correct if we were referring to some communal characterstic that the studies had as a group.

An example of proper usage of "that of" would be:

"Unlike that of earlier studies, the genre of Blassingame's study is..."

More likely, we'd see something like:

"Unlike those of earlier studies, the table of contents of Blassingame's study...".

In the posted sentence, we're comparing the studies themselves to Blassingame's study, so "that of" is 100% incorrect.

As an aside, we can definitely compare a group to a specific person.

The following are proper comparisons:

"Unlike most other hockey players, Wayne Gretzky was more excited about getting an assist than a goal."

"Like her co-workers, Melissa enjoyed a good drink at happy hour."
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames [#permalink]

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Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the
records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s "that" correctly refers to "study"
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his wrong; compares works with Blessingame
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his wrong; compares works with Blessingame
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s wrong; At least IMO the problem here comes from the possesive Blessingame's; The example answer currently compares earlier works to this study
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his wrong; compares works with Blessingame
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames [#permalink]

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A is the correct answer as Blassingame’s study is compared to study of earlier work. "That" refers correctly to "study".

Unlike study of earlier work on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study- seems correct, no ambiguity.

D compares Blassingame’s study with earlier work and thus, makes comparison not parallel.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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pankajattri wrote:
Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the
records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his





Why is D not Correct?.


D is incorrect because the SC is not comparing the works. It is comparing the stuff the works relied upon or used for their research.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2012, 02:52
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MacFauz wrote:
I can find no justification for A to be the right answer. I think its D. Would nothave been very disappointed had this question appeared and I had gone with D on the exam. A is just wrong for me.

Kudos Please... If my post helped.


In any case, i think D is correctly paired than A even though I initially chose A.
Take a look at the diagram I've attached and post if you have further reservations.
Attachments

blassingame and slavery.jpg
blassingame and slavery.jpg [ 26.42 KiB | Viewed 10774 times ]


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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames [#permalink]

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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames [#permalink]

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anairamitch1804 wrote:
Stuck with above problem looking for some guidance how to attack above problem. Appreciate help.


"Unlike" is a comparison marker - once you see a comparison marker, try to identify the two items being compared. One side will generally be easy to identify, in this case "study". Thus you will need to find an option that compares something valid with "study". Once you realize that "works" is the valid thing to compare with "study", A, B, C and E can be directly eliminated:

A. One side (left side) of the comparison is problematic ("that" instead of "works").
B. Both sides of the comparison is problematic ("that" instead of "works" and "Blassingame" instead of "study")-
C. One side (right side) of the comparison is problematic ("Blassingame" instead of "study")-
D. Both sides alright.
E. One side (right side) of the comparison is problematic ("Blassingame" instead of "study")-
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames [#permalink]

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pankajattri wrote:
Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the
records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his


This is a comparision question
so we need to compare comparable things
here in above question that of earlier work is compared to Blassingame's innovative work and
this comparision is not correct
here in this question something possessed by earliear work is compared to the innovative work.
so we need to compare work to work.
and only option D compares two study correctly.

A. Incorrectthat of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s. reason why
this answer choice is wrong is stated above.
B. Incorrecthat of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his. same
comparision issue. something possessed by works on slavery is compared to human Blassingame.
C. Incorrectearlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
for the reason stated above
D. Correctearlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
both kind of works are correctly compared
E. Incorrectthe earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
same as option C.
hence D
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2010, 01:25
goalsnr wrote:
pankajattri wrote:
Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his





Why is D not Correct?.


D is incorrect because the SC is not comparing the works. It is comparing the stuff the works relied upon or used for their research.


I disagree. This SC is comparing their works—Blissingham's work relies on records of the slaves, while earlier works relied on records of the White slave owners.

For example, "this car is red, that car is blue." The colors aren't being compared, the cars are.

Anyway, I answered D too. If somebody could offer more explanation it'd be appreciated.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2010, 01:28
[quote="pankajattri"]Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s innovative study relies not on the
records of White slave owners but on the records of the salves themselves, especially the
70 or so autobiographies and memoirs that have been preserved.

A. that of earlier words on slavery, Blassingame’s
B. that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
C. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his
D. earlier works on slavery, Blassingame’s
E. the earlier works on slavery, Blassingame in his


In the problems involving comparisions... atleast 50% of the problems i have encountered are such where comparable things/nouns are not compared and unlike is the best carrier to confuse in case of comparisions.

pls both the parts as individual sentences and then you would surely be able to pick up right answer.

hope this helps
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2010, 02:21
This question indeed compares the work and thus D should be the correct answer.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 03 Oct 2010, 02:24
"that" seems completely misplaced here, weird that A is correct and D isn't
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 04 Oct 2010, 04:13
i would definitely pick D, how come A is the OA. Don't get it. Can any one throw some light on the subject.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2010, 06:33
If what Goalsnr says is correct that the passage compares what stuff the studies rely on rather than comparing the works per se, then choice A should be: Unlike what stuff earlier works rely on, Blassingame’s innovative study relies .

This is simply not the case.

I understand this passage is from a set, sourced from some Chinese origin with a good chance that the QA is a typo.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 05 Oct 2010, 22:10
Although the comments about D are right on their own, however, the ORIGINAL sentence is comparing THAT of earlier WORK not THAT of earlier RESEARCHER.
So we are comparing not the work themselves but a FEATURE of those WORKS. Therefore, D holds a change in the ORIGINAL meaning and A is the right answer.
In case that D was in the original sentence then it had to be the answer. Again not because A was grammatically wrong but because no answer can alter the original meaning.
Am I right?
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 01 Jul 2011, 13:55
D for me...

A is wrong -- incorrect comparison...
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2011, 09:46
D for me too.

Unlike is used to compare nouns. Correct usage is Unlike X,Y where X and Y needs to be referring to same kind.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works... [#permalink]

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New post 03 Jul 2011, 09:52
Unlike takes same construction. 's and that of express same construction.
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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames [#permalink]

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New post 14 Nov 2012, 01:42
I can find no justification for A to be the right answer. I think its D. Would nothave been very disappointed had this question appeared and I had gone with D on the exam. A is just wrong for me.

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Re: Unlike that of earlier works on slavery, Blassingames   [#permalink] 14 Nov 2012, 01:42

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