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Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that

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Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2009, 06:36
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Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Barbara McClintock [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2009, 23:33
OA is D.

Could anyone highlight the flaws in A please? Thanks.
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Re: Barbara McClintock [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2009, 23:48
skim wrote:
OA is D.

Could anyone highlight the flaws in A please? Thanks.


According to me,
" Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues (comma) that genes were relatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock..."
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Re: Barbara McClintock [#permalink] New post 12 Jun 2009, 23:53
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OA is D.

Could anyone highlight the flaws in A please? Thanks.


Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

In SC - one of the most critical things is matching things. The same type of things have to be compared. In "A" it states "Unlike the conviction....Barbara McClintock" the statement incorrectly compares conviction with Barbara MClintock.

I hope that makes sense.
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Re: Barbara McClintock [#permalink] New post 13 Jun 2009, 08:36
(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were --- Comparison error....

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being --- passive

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were --- passive

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were --- Correct Ans IMO....

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being --- Wrong idiom "Even with"
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Re: Barbara McClintock [#permalink] New post 02 May 2011, 09:04
According to OG, E is incorrect because "even with many of her colleagues..." is wordy and indirect.

Could someone provide more detail about this explanation? Thanks!
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Re: Barbara McClintock [#permalink] New post 03 May 2011, 02:17
skim wrote:
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being


A is not proper...if it were something like:
Unlike the conviction held by some people......, the conviction of Barbara...

we may have kept it on hold. Also B, C and E are wrong for their reasons.

Even though all of my friends have gone to Delhi, I have planned to go to Bombay.

Similarly
Even with many of her.................................., Barbara adhered to.....


So E is correct.
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Re: Barbara McClintock [#permalink] New post 07 Jul 2011, 22:25
can anyone tell me why D is wrong? Thanks!
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Re: Barbara McClintock [#permalink] New post 08 Jul 2011, 19:18
ctkrishnan wrote:
D is correct..

Imao....I mean ...C...can anyone tell me why C is wrong?
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 27 Dec 2011, 07:56
Although I agree with most of the reasoning behind D, the phrase "genes were" should ideally be "genes are" as the behavior of genes in general is being described and not a past behavior. In the light of this error, I believe E becomes the better answer of the two.

Any thoughts?
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2012, 12:50
I picked D for this question:

A. This answer choice has a comparison error. Currently, it is comparing "the conviction" to "Barbara" which is definitely wrong.

B. The only problem I could find with this answer choice was that it was too wordy. "Were of the conviction" could have been reduced to "were convinced" and "of the genes being" is not concise.

C. Again, I couldn't find any grammatical errors with this one. The words "being convinced" seemed too wordy and I felt there was a better way to phrase this clause.

D. This answer choice clearly and concisely states the meaning of the sentence.

E. Again, "convinced" of genes being" seemed too wordy.
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 08 Mar 2012, 14:31
D seems the most clearly stated among all choices. D
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Re: Barbara McClintock [#permalink] New post 08 Feb 2013, 01:45
contacttoakhil wrote:
skim wrote:
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being


A is not proper...if it were something like:
Unlike the conviction held by some people......, the conviction of Barbara...

we may have kept it on hold. Also B, C and E are wrong for their reasons.

Even though all of my friends have gone to Delhi, I have planned to go to Bombay.

Similarly
Even with many of her.................................., Barbara adhered to.....


So E is correct.



I feel E is not constructed properly... Especially 'convinced of genes being' v/s 'convinced that genes were'

Idiomatically I reckon we should use 'convinced that'
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2013, 19:43
Choice D states : Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that ... Barbara McClintock adhered...

The sentence conveys that despite her colleagues conviction, Barbara stuck to her plans! Isn't this a distortion of the meaning conveyed in the original sentence? If option B is being eliminated for the reason that it is wordy, then going by the rule that meaning errors take precedence over concision errors, option B should be preferred to D. Please help !
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 30 Jun 2013, 22:30
pjagadish27 wrote:
Choice D states : Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that ... Barbara McClintock adhered...

The sentence conveys that despite her colleagues conviction, Barbara stuck to her plans! Isn't this a distortion of the meaning conveyed in the original sentence? If option B is being eliminated for the reason that it is wordy, then going by the rule that meaning errors take precedence over concision errors, option B should be preferred to D. Please help !


The meaning of D is perfect, the meaning of A is flawed:

Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

A compares the conviction to Barbara McClintock: not a logic comparison.

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

The main reason to eliminate B is the presence of being: be suspicious whenever you see it, and keep in mind that NEVER an official question starts a modifier with "being".

Hope it helps
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2013, 00:18
@ Zarrolou : I do agree that being could cause those choices to be wrong. But, does option D modify the intended meaning by saying that
'despite her colleagues' conviction, Barbara stuck to her plans' . Please clarify this.
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2013, 00:24
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@ Zarrolou : I do agree that being could cause those choices to be wrong. But, does option D modify the intended meaning by saying that
'despite her colleagues' conviction, Barbara stuck to her plans' . Please clarify this.



No, that's the intended meaning of the sentence. If it's still not clear, try to tell me what's the meaning the sentence should express in your opinion...

You want to say that, option A is not logical hence is out (as explained above); the meaning of all the remaining answer choices is the same, some of them are not correct for other reasons
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2013, 01:04
What you say is correct. All choices other than A convey the same meaning. Can u please tell me why B and C are wrong? My assumption is that both of them contain 'being' so they can be eliminated. Is this the reason?
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2013, 02:28
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pjagadish27 wrote:
What you say is correct. All choices other than A convey the same meaning. Can u please tell me why B and C are wrong? My assumption is that both of them contain 'being' so they can be eliminated. Is this the reason?


hi
Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were reatively simple and static, Barbara McClintock adhered to her own more complicated ideas about how genes might operate, and in 1983, at the age of 81, was awarded a Nobel Prize for her discovery that the genes in corn are capable of moving from one chromosomal site to another.

(A) Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that genes were

(B) Although many of her colleagues were of the conviction of genes being

(C) Contrary to many of her colleagues being convinced that genes were

(D) Even though many of her colleagues were convinced that genes were

(E) Even with many of her colleagues convinced of genes being

that is true B and C is wrong because of the use of BEING in those options.
see being here is in VERB+ING form...which in many cases used to represesnt the continuous tense.

there is difference in meaning context if you use being:
genes were simple and static vs genes being simple and static
now if you read sentence:
colleagues thought genes were simple and static vs colleagues thought genes being simple and static.
clearly the intended meaning can be shown by "colleagues thought genes were simple and static ".
thats the reason being is wrong here.
if we have the sense of continuity we can use being....lets take an official example:
Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
in this case author is telling about the executives who are heavily commited always to a course of action===>you can sense the continuity of heavily commited here.so use of being here is correct here.

kudos if it helped.
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Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that [#permalink] New post 01 Jul 2013, 06:10
Thanks all :) The explanation was helpful..
Re: Unlike the conviction held by many of her colleagues that   [#permalink] 01 Jul 2013, 06:10
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